Project Title

Promote Cross-border E-Trade under the Framework of Regional Trade Agreements/Free Trade Agreements (RTAs/FTAs) – Based on Best Practices in the APEC Region 

Project Year

2016   

Project Number

CTI 13 2016A 

Project Session

Session 1   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
View Budget TableView Budget Table
|
PrintPrint

Project No.

CTI 13 2016A 

Project Title

Promote Cross-border E-Trade under the Framework of Regional Trade Agreements/Free Trade Agreements (RTAs/FTAs) – Based on Best Practices in the APEC Region 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: Free Trade Area of the Asia-Pacific and Global Value Chains (FTAAP and GVCs) 

Project Year

2016 

Project Session

Session 1 

APEC Funding

132,615 

Co-funding Amount

15,118 

Total Project Value

147,733 

Sponsoring Forum

Electronic Commerce Steering Group (ECSG) 

Topics

Electronic Commerce 

Committee

Committee on Trade and Investment (CTI) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

China 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Canada; Korea; Philippines; Singapore 

Expected Start Date

01/07/2016 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2017 

Project Proponent Name 1

Chen Yiwei 

Job Title 1

Director 

Organization 1

Ministry of Commerce 

Postal Address 1

No 2 Dong Chang An Street, beijing, 1000731, China 

Telephone 1

86-10 65197495 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

chenyw@mofcom.gov.cn 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Chen Yiwei 

Project Summary

Since the Bogor Declaration, APEC has continued to promote trade and investment liberalization and facilitation. In recent decades, the proliferation of regional RTAs/FTAs has created favorable liberalizing momentum. The goods and services trade co-operation and economic integration under the framework of RTAs/FTAs have contributed to the realization of the Bogor Goals.

In 2014, APEC Leaders endorsed the Beijing Roadmap for APEC’s Contribution to the Realization of the FTAAP, stating to affirm commitment to eventual realization of the FTAAP. In APEC region, sub-regional arrangements (such as the TPP, NAFTA, AFTA) have been established or under negotiations. Trade facilitation is increasingly being recognized as an essential tool to reducing trade barriers and promoting regional economic growth.

This project will review cross-border e-trade measures undertaken under the framework of RTAs/FTAs, conduct field research to collect best practices, and provide recommendations to further reduce trade barriers and enhance regional economic integration. The main activities of this project are 1) producing a report on promoting cross-border e-trade under the framework of RTAs/FTAs and 2) holding a seminar in Ha Noi, Viet Nam in August, 2017 to share experience and collect suggestions.

Relevance

Trade and investment liberalization and facilitation are APEC's core mission and activities. In the Bogor Declaration, leaders agreed to adopt the long-term goal of free and open trade and investment in the Asia-Pacific and pursue this goal by further reducing barriers to trade and investment and accelerating APEC's trade and investment facilitation programs to promote the free flow of goods, services and capital among economies. Since then, APEC has continued to promote trade and investment liberalization and facilitation and economic and technical cooperation. In recent decades, the proliferation of regional RTAs/FTAs has created favorable liberalizing momentum that complements the multilateral trading system as embodied in the WTO. The goods and services trade co-operation and economic integration under the framework of RTAs/FTAs have contributed to the realization of the Bogor Goals.

In 2006, APEC economies agreed to examine the long-term prospect of a Free Trade Area of the Asia-Pacific (FTAAP). In 2010, APEC Leaders issued “Pathways to FTAAP”, and instructed APEC to take concrete steps toward realization of the FTAAP, as a major instrument to further APEC’s regional economic integration agenda. In 2014, APEC Leaders endorsed the Beijing Roadmap for APEC’s Contribution to the Realization of the FTAAP, pointing out to accelerate “at the border” trade liberalization and facilitation efforts, improve the business environment “behind the border”, and enhance regional connectivity “across the border”.  2015 Leaders' Declaration reiterates the commitment to achieve the Bogor Goals by 2020 and to the eventual realization of the FTAAP.

In the APEC region, sub-regional arrangements (such as the TPP, NAFTA, AFTA, ANZERTA) have been established or are under negotiations. As eliminating tariff and non-tariff barriers are the key objectives of RTAs/FTAs, trade facilitation is increasingly being recognized as an essential tool to reducing potential trade barriers and promoting bilateral or multilateral economic growth. Many APEC economies have rich experience in cross-border e-trade facilitation under the framework of RTAs/FTAs, including the areas of goods trade, service trade, cross-border e-commerce, etc. This project will review cross-border e-trade measures undertaken under the framework of RTAs/FTAs in the APEC region, research RTAs/FTAs which are under implementation to collect best practices, and provide recommendations on how to promote cross-border e-trade to further reduce trade barriers and enhance economic growth in order to promote regional economic integration and common prosperity in the APEC region. In addition, APEC’s developing members who are active in negotiating/implementing RTAs/FTAs would also acquire valuable experience in relevance to trade facilitation through the best practices and practical recommendations collected.

This project falls under Rank 1 on 2016 APEC Funding Criteria -Projects that demonstrate a direct link to promoting regional economic integration via free and open trade and investment. It responds to supporting the Multilateral Trading System and the Bogor Goals, Trade Facilitation and Liberalization, and Regional Economic Integration initiatives, including the Beijing Roadmap for APEC's Contribution to the Realization of the FTAAP.

Objectives

1)Review e-trade measures and furthermore cross-border e-trade measures currently under the framework of RTAs/FTAs in the APEC region; analyze the leading authorities, service modes, concrete projects, technical barriers and other core elements;

2)Research the TPP (Trans-Pacific Partnership), NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement), AFTA (ASEAN Free Trade Agreement) and other RTAs/FTAs which are under implementation (e.g. China-ASEAN FTA, Chile-Canada FTA, Peru-USA FTA), to collect best practices by exploring the development of cross-border e-trade, collecting actual experience, addressing challenges, etc.;

3)Provide recommendations on how to promote cross-border e-trade under the framework of RTAs/FTAs to further reduce trade barriers and enhance economic growth, including but not limited to perfection of laws and regulations, interconnection, breakthrough of technical trade barriers, mutual recognition of standards, information sharing, document exchange, etc.

Alignment

In 2014, APEC Leaders endorsed the Beijing Roadmap for APEC’s Contribution to the Realization of the FTAAP, stating that APEC is expected to make an important and meaningful contribution as an incubator of the FTAAP and the FTAAP should be pursued on the basis of supporting and complementing the multilateral trading system. Leaders emphasized that attaining the Bogor Goals by 2020 will continue to be APEC’s core objective, and progress towards the Bogor Goals will substantially advance and help determine APEC’s contribution to the eventual realization of the FTAAP.

This project will review cross-border e-trade measures, collect best practices from experienced economies and study how cross-border e-trade makes an impact on reduction of market access barriers and trade protectionism and enhances bilateral or multilateral trade growth as RTAs/FTAs serve as an important driving force, thus to promote regional economic integration and common prosperity in the APEC region.

The Committee on Trade and Investment (CTI) is the coordinating body for all of APEC's work in trade and investment liberalization and facilitation areas. For 2016, CTI initiatives and achievements include advancing Regional Economic Integration, which is supporting SOM in advancing Leaders’/Ministers’ commitments on the Free Trade Area of the Asia-Pacific (FTAAP). This project is aligned with this strategic plan.

TILF/ASF Justification

This project will review cross-border e-trade measures undertaken under the framework of RTAs/FTAs in the APEC region, research RTAs/FTAs which are under implementation to collect best practices, and provide recommendations on how to promote cross-border e-trade to further reduce trade barriers and enhance economic growth. APEC’s developing members who are active in negotiating/implementing RTAs/FTAs would acquire valuable experience in relevance to trade facilitation through the best practices and practical recommendations collected. This project will narrow trade facilitation and FTA capacity gaps among member economies, enhance capacities by sharing best practices and recommendations, and identify challenges and explore possible ways to the realization of the FTAAP in the area of trade facilitation.

The seminar (held at the completion phase of the project) will be a vital platform for not only developed economies but also developing economies in the APEC region to brainstorm in a broad sense. The experts invited will share their knowledge and expertise and the researchers will release their research findings. The participating economies will have the chance to share their experiences and difficulties they have encountered, Capacity building needs will be identified and developing economies can be better equipped with relevant skills and expertise by the expert presentations, research findings and all the sharing on practical experience. The seminar outputs (presentations, summary, etc.) will be disseminated to benefit more stakeholders. In addition, the research report will be published online and released to stakeholders widely.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: The main outputs of this project are:

1)A research report on promoting cross-border e-trade under the framework of RTAs/FTAs, in which all the outcomes acquired from desk research, questionnaire investigation, field research, etc. are collected and recommendations on how to promote cross-border e-trade under the framework of RTAs/FTAs are provided;

2)A seminar, will include experts and stakeholders from member economies, to share experience, exchange views and collect suggestions for further promotion on the research outcomes.

Other outputs including questionnaires, PowerPoint presentation files, field research summary, etc. will be submitted for further reference as well.

Outcomes: Based on the disseminated research report with best practices and recommendations, sharing and discussions on the seminar, and further suggestions collected from APEC economies, this project will provide:

1)Full analysis of core elements to promote cross-border e-trade under the framework of RTAs/FTAs from the aspects of policy, operation business, techniques, etc., making contribution to future RTAs/FTAs negotiations and implementation, especially for those developing economies who have encountered difficulties in this area;

2)Best practices for APEC members to acquire valuable and practical experience, to not only promote domestic e-trade (e.g. by measures of electronic submission of Customs declarations, electronic Single Window System, etc.), but also cross-border e-trade with other economies (e.g. by measures of laws and regulations for electronic transactions, recognized certification authority issuing digital certificates to traders to conduct electronic transactions, etc.);

3)Directed recommendations in promoting e-trade and furthermore cross-border e-trade under the framework of RTAs/FTAs, to improve economies’ knowledge and capacities and equip developing economies with expertise on trade facilitation improvement under FTA-related environment;

4)Possible ways to promote the realization of the FTAAP in the area of trade facilitation, based on commonly cognizing the standards suggested by this project.

Beneficiaries: The primary beneficiaries of this project will include:

1)Government agencies: This project will provide relevant recommendations and references for government agencies of APEC economies (e.g. government agencies which are directly involved in RTAs/FTAs negotiations/implementation as well as policy makers in relevance to trade facilitation) to take measures to promote cross-border e-trade under the framework of RTAs/FTAs, and improve capacities which will contribute to future RTAs/FTAs negotiations and implementation;

2)Trades (both large and small and medium sized traders): This project will provide a fully understanding of core elements of cross-border e-trade under the framework of RTAs/FTAs, to help traders utilize the benefits brought by RTAs/FTAs and trade facilitation, thus to smoothen trade flows and improve their business levels;

Service providers (including logistics service providers, finance service providers, ICT[1] service providers, etc.). Service providers will also benefit from the core elements and promoting measures this project provided, to better participate in trade process, improve customers’ service quality and enhance their competitiveness.


[1] Information Communication Technology

Dissemination

All the presentations and materials during the conduction of the project and on the seminar will be submitted to the APEC Secretariat. The final research report will be submitted and distributed to all APEC member economies. An electronic publication on APEC PubDB website is expected for further circulation.

Gender

Participation in this project will be equally open for both genders. Project Overseer will make utmost efforts to implement the project in consideration of gender concerns and to ensure that it benefits both men and women. Achieving gender balance (50% female participation rate is expected) will be pursued at all steps of this project, such as selection of seminar speakers and invitation of participants by encouraging female experts and participants to be nominated. The project will greatly benefit female trade negotiators and policy makers in the future RTAs/FTAs negotiations through the accumulated learning and experiences. Female micro entrepreneurs, producers and business owners will access market opportunities generated through RTAs/FTAs from the core elements and promoting measures this project provided.

Work Plan

Timeline

Key Activities

Related Outputs

Involvement of Beneficiaries and Member Economies

2016.07 to 2016.08

- Set up the research team

- Define research components and make work schedule

- Set up communication and cooperation mechanism

- Contracts with researchers

- Work schedule

- A communications plan

The research team will contain researchers from member economies.

2016.09 to 2016.10

- Conduct desk research

- Interview experts from government, academia, international organizations and private sectors to collect views and suggestions

- Preliminary findings

Experts from government, academia, international organizations and private sectors from member economies will be interviewed.

2016.11 to 2016.12

- Design and distribute questionnaires

- Make field research plan

- Questionnaires

- Field research plan

Questionnaires are planned to send to member economies

2017.01 to 2017.04

- Collect questionnaires and analyze the data

- Conduct field research

- Questionnaire statistics report

- Field research summary

Experienced economies in this field will be researched onsite.

2017.05 to 2017.07

- Draft the project report

- Draft report

Comments from beneficiaries and member economies are welcomed.

2017.08

- Hold the seminar to share experience and collect suggestions

- A seminar

Stakeholders and seminar speakers from member economies as well as other international organizations will be invited to share information, in the ways of theme speeches, panel discussions, free discussions, etc.

2017.09 to 2017.12

- Modify the report and submit

- Final report

Comments from beneficiaries and member economies are welcomed.

Risks

Following risks might be involved in implementing this project:

Risk1-Lack of coordination in the parties related with this project, including questionnaire respondents, experts, interviewees, etc.

Risk management: Make work schedule and set up a communication plan. Project Overseer will distribute questionnaires and other surveys to member economies with the help of Program Director. Project Overseer and project executors will actively keep in touch with relevant parties to get response.

Risk2-Difficulties exist in harmonizing and comparing different e-trade and cross-border e-trade measures taken by economies; definitions of some terms (such as e-trade) may be various as well.

Risk management: Literature of international organizations (such as UN, ADB) and research reports published by APEC will be fully studied and compared. Authoritative definitions and descriptions will be applied to this research.

Risk3-Seminar speakers might not be selected suitable for the seminar; some speakers cancelled participation at last minute; or member economies show low interest in the seminar.

Risk management: Project Overseer and organizers will work with co-sponsor economies to get recommendations of potential speakers and identify possible back-up speakers in advance of the event. Announcements of the seminar will be made several times to member economies. In the process of questionnaire and field surveys, relevant stakeholders will be invited to the seminar as well.

Monitoring and Evaluation

Effective and efficient communication and cooperation mechanism will be set up to maintain regular communications between the Project Overseer and researchers, to ensure the project's key activities and deliverables are completed on schedule.

Experts from stakeholders will be invited to provide suggestions on the research. The draft report will be sent to selected experts for comments as well. Besides, the draft report will be sent to CTI for review before finalization and publication.

An evaluation form will be prepared and distributed to all the speakers and active participants of the seminar to assess the effectiveness of the seminar and suggestions for further improvement. All comments and valuable suggestions will be embodied into the final report.

During project implementation, the following indicators will be measured to assure the project is on track:

Indicators

# expected

Questionnaires

To stakeholders of all 21 economies

Recovery rate: 80%

Field surveys

3

(to 6 economies)

Seminar

1

Participants (M/F)

30 (15/15)

Developing economies attending

50%

Speakers engaged

6

Research report

1

Linkages

Active participation and support of multilateral organizations, such as ASEAN, will be called on. APEC stakeholders from GOS, SMEWG, ABAC, etc. may also be engaged. Research outcomes will be disseminated in accordance with the requirements in Guidebook on APEC Projects, to the World Trade Organization as it links to the trade facilitation and regional trade agreements, as well as other APEC fora to share the findings.

This project will keep in pace with newest research in trade facilitation and multilateral trading system conducted by United Nations, World Trade Organization, Asian Development Bank, etc. The research will build on previous or ongoing relevant APEC initiatives as well, such as “FTAAP Capacity Building Programs in Rules of Origin and FTA Implementation”, “Seminar on Collective Strategic Study on Issues Related to the Realization of the FTAAP”, etc.

Noting that trade and investment liberalization and facilitation have been key priorities of APEC; the shared goal of APEC member economies is to realize FTAAP in the long-term, pointing out to accelerate “at the border” trade liberalization and facilitation efforts, improve the business environment “behind the border”, and enhance regional connectivity “across the border”, APEC is the best source of funds for this project.

Sustainability

Suggestions of this project will be circulated to relevant beneficiaries. Final research report will be published online with open access, so that beneficiaries could freely use all the materials. A resource person will be allocated to respond to queries about the results of the report. On the seminar held at the completion phase of this project, project findings will also be shared to beneficiaries from member economies.

Possible next steps to build on outputs and outcomes of this project could be:

1)To  work out a guideline with detailed information and steps on how to promote cross-border e-trade under the framework of RTAs/FTAs;

2)To hold workshops to make further discussions on certain aspects of this topic (such as policy, business process, ICT solutions, etc.) and work out some action plans perhaps.

APEC projects related to these possible next steps could be applied for and implemented, which is more likely to be carried out under the auspices of CTI.

This project will review e-trade measures and cross-border e-trade measures currently undertaken under the framework of RTAs/FTAs in the APEC region comprehensively, and research experienced RTAs/FTAs to collect best practices. Questionnaires will be sent widely to APEC member economies and experts from other economies will be interviewed. The seminar is also open for the beneficiaries to share views and collect promotion ideas. An evaluation form will be prepared and distributed to all the participants of the seminar to assess the effectiveness of the seminar and suggestions for further improvement.

Project Overseers

The Project Overseer is Ms. CHEN Yiwei, who is a director of Ministry of Commerce of P. R. China.

Tel:  0086-10-65197495     E-mail:  chenyw@mofcom.gov.cn

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Not Applicable.

Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
Attachments
Version: 5.0 
Created at 03/08/2016 17:04  by Lucy Phua 
Last modified at 05/04/2018 16:33  by Lucy Phua 
Version HistoryVersion History

Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
Attachments
Content Type: Standard Proposal
Version:
Created at by
Last modified at by
Go Search