Project Title

Mine Closure Checklist for Governments 

Project Year

2016   

Project Number

MTF 03 2016A 

Project Session

Session 1   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

MTF 03 2016A 

Project Title

Mine Closure Checklist for Governments 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: Mining 

Project Year

2016 

Project Session

Session 1 

APEC Funding

149,997 

Co-funding Amount

30,000 

Total Project Value

179,997 

Sponsoring Forum

Mining Task Force (MTF) 

Topics

Mining 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Canada 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Australia; Chile; Indonesia; Papua New Guinea; United States 

Expected Start Date

01/08/2016 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2017 

Project Proponent Name 1

Eleni Deroukakis 

Job Title 1

Senior Advisor, Asia Pacific 

Organization 1

Department of Natural Resources Canada 

Postal Address 1

580 Booth Street, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, K1A 0E4 

Telephone 1

1-613 3024401 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

eleni.deroukakis@canada.ca 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Eleni Deroukakis 

Project Summary

The negative impacts of improperly closed or abandoned mines are a significant issue for developing economies that may lack the tools and experience to effectively govern mine closure.  In collaboration with industry and other stakeholders, the project will develop an accessible, user-friendly “Checklist” aimed at policy decision-makers in APEC developing economies, which will serve as a practical roadmap to support the development of successful governance of mine closure.  The Checklist will guide users through core areas of mine closure (including environmental, social, financial, and gender concerns) and explore international best practices and lessons learned, thereby supporting the creation of favourable conditions for sustainable mining.  To complement the Checklist, a one day workshop will also be held on the margins of MTF11 in Vietnam in 2017.  This project will enhance mineral resource governance capacity in the APEC region, ultimately improving the investment climate, promoting environmental protection and building sustainable and resilient communities.

Relevance

The mining, mineral and metal industries are of great importance to economic growth in the Asia-Pacific region, with close to 75 per cent of all global trade and investment conducted within APEC.  No matter how large, all mineral deposits have a finite life, and globally, an increasing number of mines are nearing depletion, following decades of resource exploitation.  An improperly closed or abandoned mine site can have lasting environmental, social, and economic impacts that ultimately determine whether mining activity leaves a positive or negative legacy.

A clear legislative and institutional framework that sets the parameters for mine closure is essential for developing a mining sector whose benefits are sustainable – even long after the mine has been closed.  The APEC region includes some of the world’s largest mining producers, however many APEC economies, particularly developing economies, are lacking policies and legislation for comprehensive mine closure and fewer still provide for post-mining sustainable development.  Without a robust legal framework for mine closure, including guidance from host economy regulators on the environmental and social performance standard expected of mining companies, companies do not know their obligations and potential future liabilities, and mining communities do not know their rights or responsibilities.

General and narrative closure planning guidance documents are already available for mines operating in developing economies and regions.  These include: the International Council on Mining and Metals Closure Toolkit; the International Finance Corporation Environmental, Health and Safety Guidelines for Mining; the Intergovernmental Forum on Mining, Minerals and Sustainable Development’s Mining Policy Framework; and the World Bank’s Towards Sustainable Decommissioning and Closure of Oil Fields and Mines Toolkit; amongst others.  In all cases, the documents have either been developed from a national perspective, are geared to industry, or are academic in nature and thus difficult to apply in a practical context.  The current guideline documents deal with what must be done, but not with how it can be achieved.  In addition, most guidance revolves around particular themes or topics rather than being presented in a sequential approach that users can understand and find accessible.

This project supports the following Ranks and Outcomes of the annual APEC Funding Criteria:

Rank 1 – Investment Facilitation and Liberalization: The project will improve the enabling environment for trade and investment in mining by clarifying expectations concerning mine closure activities for companies seeking to operate in the APEC region.  Minimizing the risks to mine projects by providing predictability in the operating environment will benefit APEC developing economies who will be viewed as more attractive investment destinations by foreign investors.

Rank 2 – Sustainable Development in Mining: Mine closure is an integral component of mine sustainability.  This project will encourage governments in developing economies to adopt best practices to create favorable conditions for sustainable mining.  Specifically, improving the governance of mine closure will reduce the negative environmental and social implications of mining after production has ended, and ultimately help APEC economies maximize the benefits and minimize the negative impacts of mineral resource development.

This project also supports Rank 1 - “Standards, Conformity Assessment, Technical Regulations, Regulatory Cooperation, and Regulatory Coherence, including Good Regulatory Practices” by encouraging the adoption of enhanced mine closure policy regulations which meet international standards.  Harmonization of best practices for effective mine closure in the APEC region will support regional economic integration by driving regulatory convergence, and promote good regulatory practices by creating transparency.  Planning for mine closure that includes communities also contributes to Rank 1 - “Building Sustainable and Resilient Communities”.

Objectives

The primary objective of this project is to build the capacity of APEC member economies with respect to the governance of mine closure.  For the purposes of this proposal, mine closure includes mine reclamation as well as rehabilitation.  The scope of the project may also include orphaned and abandoned mines. 

The project will focus on providing the essential elements of a successful mine closure governance framework, and the tools to get there, in an accessible, easy to use format that is intended to be universally understood and applicable.  This will be achieved by: 1) creating a simple, practical and accessible tool (“Checklist”) which will support the development of comprehensive mine closure policies and frameworks, based on leading international guidelines and standards; and 2) sharing lessons learned and best practices via a workshop, which can inform mine closure planning in APEC developing economies. 

The Checklist will provide a set of policies, case studies and best practices to serve as a reference for governments (as well as companies and NGOs) seeking to advocate for mine closure in their respective regions.  The main capacity gaps in APEC economies (particularly developing economies) are not the lack of intention, but the lack of examples of what has worked and not worked and how these concepts can be adapted and applied to their own economy.  The project will therefore help support institutional capacity in APEC developing economies. 

The workshop (to take place on the margins of MTF11 in Vietnam) will help strengthen linkages and networks between policy makers, regulators, industry representatives and academics/NGOs in participating economies across the region, and draw on lessons learned from completed mine closure projects, to provide an overview of important concepts and considerations.  The draft Checklist can be presented during this session, providing an opportunity for the Project Overseer to survey APEC stakeholders (including MTF members), on their perspectives with respect to mine closure, which will inform the development of the Checklist.

Alignment

Alignment – APEC: This project aligns with and will advance the following APEC priorities and principles: support for market transparency and facilitation of trade; building sustainable and resilient communities; investment facilitation; sustainable development in mining; human capital development/capacity building; promoting good governance; regulatory coherence; as well as support for APEC’s gender objectives and engagement with the private sector.

Alignment – Mining Task Force (Forum): By supporting sustainable development in mining, including positive socio-economic effects from the development of minerals and metals, fostering investment certainty, promoting leading practices in mining and life cycle management, supporting capacity building and promoting transparent and efficient regulation and governance to facilitate trade and investment in mining, this project directly supports the APEC Mining Policy Principles, endorsed by Ministers Responsible for Mining in 2007.  The project is also very well positioned to address all five capacity building priority areas of developing member economies identified by the 2015 online Mining Task Force Survey for capacity building under the APEC Mining Sub-Fund.  The five areas are:  mining regulation, governance and practices; corporate social responsibility (including community development, labour practices); environmental protection; private sector engagement; and technology and innovation (including information exchange and transfer).   In addition, the APEC Mining Sub-Fund Eligibility Criteria lists mine closure and rehabilitation as a key priority area for capacity building under the Fund.

TILF/ASF Justification

An improperly closed or abandoned mine site can have lasting environmental, social, and economic impacts.  Such impacts are exacerbated in developing economies, where alternative economic activity and government capacity may be more limited.  The major challenges facing developing economies in the area of mine closure relate to legislation and institutional frameworks.  Most developing economies have few or no applicable laws, regulations, or standards – let alone institutions and government agencies mandated and with the experience to support mining companies and communities in the cooperation necessary to achieve successful mine closure, particularly from a sustainable development perspective.

Even in economies where mine closure is mandated, issues persist.  This is because many existing laws and regulations are too general to serve as a basis for enforcing compliance and in many economies, mine closure requirements are undermined by inefficient and ineffective administration, monitoring and enforcement (due to a large extent because of a lack of financial and technical resources).

The Project Overseer will work with developing economy co-sponsors (as well as other interested developing economy MTF members) on the project’s design and implementation, to ensure that developing economy perspectives are reflected and the Checklist is applicable to their concerns and needs.  In particular, developing economy co-sponsors will be invited to participate on the Steering Committee that will be formed to consult on an on-going basis with relevant subject matter experts (including industry, developing economy members/project co-sponsors and others) to solicit input and guidance for the development of the Checklist.

The workshop will focus on a specific mine closure theme of particular interest to APEC developing economies.  Efforts will be made to include an expert/speaker from a developing APEC economy to present at the workshop, and developing economy participants will be encouraged to bring their mine closure issues/challenges to the session for discussion.  APEC funding will be utilized to support the participation of travel-eligible developing economy representatives at the workshop.  As mentioned previously, the workshop will also be an opportunity to consult developing APEC economies on the draft Checklist, to ensure that their perspectives and needs are reflected.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: This project will provide a practical roadmap for developing and implementing a mine closure regime - leveraging on existing tools, resources and international standards, and providing guidance on how to apply them in the context of the operating economy’s economic environment and social setting.  Project outputs will include:

A Checklist (approx. 65 pages) which will take a “Mine Closure 101” approach to address the following overarching questions:  1) what should government’s policies be with respect to mine closure; 2) what are the major components of an overall mine closure program that supports sustainable development; and 3) how might such a policy be implemented (including administration and governance).

The Checklist will guide users through a series of modules covering key thematic areas of mine closure, including: environmental management (including rehabilitation), socio-economic considerations, financial management, technology and innovation, and orphaned and abandoned mines. Each module will include:

·  A self-assessment tool to help users identify gaps and risks with their mine closure regimes;

· Identification and application of leading international guidelines and standards, providing a framework for advising existing mine closure planning and directing future planning;

· Case studies illustrating international best practices and lessons learned; (we will target an average of 2-3 case studies per module, and of these we anticipate that at least one will be from a mine project located in a developing economy);

· Private sector perspectives;

· Templates for action and implementation; and

· Linkages to additional tools and resources. 

A workshop which will explore key challenges and opportunities for success in mine closure from different stakeholder perspectives (e.g. industry, government, international agencies, developing economies).  The workshop will draw on lessons learned from completed mine closure projects, and through the use of examples and case studies, will provide an overview of important concepts and considerations.  Statutory examples will be provided from a number of jurisdictions, including from developing economies, to illustrate different approaches to mine closure. 

Speakers and participants will be recruited to represent a select and diverse group of stakeholders (at both the senior and working level), including private sector mining companies/ABAC, NGO’s, government and regulatory representatives, practitioners, policymakers, technical experts and others with special interest in the topic.  As mentioned previously, efforts will be made to include an expert/speaker from a developing APEC economy to present at the workshop, so as to facilitate inclusive and balanced discussions.  The workshop will allow networking between speakers/experts and participants to exchange views, and share and disseminate good practices and cross-economy experiences. 

It is anticipated that 50 people will participate in the workshop (including MTF members).  Excluding MTF members, up to 22 of these participants will be from developing economies, some of whom could be funded by APEC for travel (travel eligible economies). 

A waiver is requested as part of this proposal for APEC to fund the travel costs for 4 non-eligible economy representatives/subject-matter experts, to participate and present at the workshop.  Travel expenses for government experts from non-travel eligible economies are essential to the workshop, since much of the expertise needed currently resides with government experts from many of these economies. 

Outcomes: The project will provide a platform to 1) harmonize best practices in mine closure in APEC economies, which will facilitate trade and investment; 2) promote sustainable mining practices which will support sustainable mineral development in the APEC region.  The expected medium term outcomes of the project include:

· Capacity building for developing economy regulators – enhancing the capability of policy makers and regulators from developing APEC economies to enact and implement good regulatory practices and policies to regulate mine closure. 

· Providing industry with a more clear, stable, and predictable regulatory and operating environment for mine closure and reclamation.  This will enhance informed decision-making on the part of mine companies seeking to invest/operate in the APEC region.  It will also mitigate undue burden and risk on the industry to facilitate investment, which developing economies need to stimulate socio-economic development. 

More broadly, the project will support responsible and sustainable mine closure and promote making mine closure an integral part of the mining life cycle.  This will lead to enhanced social and environmental outcomes for both host economy and mining company. 

Beneficiaries: Mine closure has become an integral component of the mine design process (in the context of sustainable mineral development), and the complexity of this activity has increased over time.  The Checklist (and the principles and guidelines provided therein) will be practical, accessible and targeted to be used and applied by a wide array of stakeholders including: 

Governments – including representatives of mining ministries, environmental agencies, regulatory authorities and other bodies who are responsible for enacting legal and regulatory frameworks for closure, as well as institutions to administer, monitor and enforce its provisions and ensure implementation.  These stakeholders are responsible for issuing environmental permits for exploration, exploitation, decommissioning and closure, administering mining licenses and contracts and ensuring that adequate legal, financial and technical measures are in place, as well as complete decommissioning and closure at the end of mining operations.  Governments can also play a key role in facilitating best practices in the operation of mining projects.   Government policymakers and technical experts at all levels are the primary target audience for the Checklist.

Mining Companies:  Understanding the requirements related to integrated mine closure is also important for mining companies in ensuring their business sustainability, their social license-to-operate as well as reducing financial, environmental and legal risks.  Industry plays an important role in the implementation of mine closure.  Companies must work in partnership with local governments and communities during mining and mine closure planning, and implement closure in line with laws and regulations with government, as well as local communities.  The Checklist will assist companies in clarifying the accepted standard of closure in the regions that they are operating in, and assist them in assessing, planning for and mitigating the potential risks.  Company perspectives will be integral to the Checklist.  However the Checklist is targeted mainly to government policymakers, thus mining companies will be indirect beneficiaries of this initiative. 

Local Communities:  The Checklist will take a practical approach to the topic of mine closure, and will present the guidance in a sequential approach that all users can understand and find accessible.   The Checklist can therefore provide useful guidance to local communities, informing them of best practices, as well as their rights and responsibilities.  It can also help inform planning by local communities, encouraging proactive engagement with company and government officials to maximize the opportunities and minimize the social and economic costs of mine closure.  Local communities are will be indirect beneficiaries of this initiative. 

The Checklist can also be used by NGO’s and international financial institutions as a tool to disseminate good practices and to support governments to establish a modern legal and regulatory framework to govern mine closure.  In addition, not only APEC, but also non-APEC economies will be able to use and benefit from the Checklist and apply the concepts to their own economies.

Dissemination

The target audience for project outputs is relevant stakeholders including key decision-makers within governments, civil society, and the private sector (see section 7 above).  One hundred copies of the Checklist will be printed for dissemination at MTF meetings, related APEC events, as well as other relevant stakeholder outreach opportunities as they arise. It is also proposed that an additional 100 small laminated bookmarks be produced (which would include a link to the online Checklist – see below) to facilitate promotion at a nominal cost ($250). 

To ensure a broad reach and to maximize dissemination amongst mining stakeholders in APEC as well as non-APEC economies, the Checklist will also be made available online.   Specifically, the Checklist will be posted on the APEC publications website, as well as the MTF website.  In addition, Natural Resources Canada will reference the Checklist on its website and will encourage other APEC MTF members to promote the Checklist (and reference the weblink) on their websites, to encourage effective dissemination at the domestic level.

 Options will be explored to work collaboratively with either CIRDI and/or the Intergovernmental Forum on Mining and Sustainable Development (IGF) to undertake domestic training programs to promote the implementation of the Checklist.  Another option could be to work with these institutions to pilot the Checklist through a mine closure in an APEC developing economy. 

Workshop presentations and outcomes will be compiled into a report (and made available electronically including via the APEC Member Document Database) allowing lessons learned to be disseminated by participants more broadly within their economies.

Gender

Gender (and its associated cultural setting) is a consideration when involving communities in planning mine closure strategies.  Women figure prominently in the sustainable development of local communities and may have a very distinct set of concerns following cessation of mineral exploitation activities.  If a mine is a major employer in the area, closure-induced unemployment impacts can be great and are not limited to the immediate workforce.  In many cases, the sudden loss of income and access to social and other services hits the most vulnerable the hardest (including women). 

Gender concerns will be addressed as a cross-cutting theme throughout the Checklist, with particular emphasis on designing interventions to mitigate the social costs of mine closure for women.  Specifically the Checklist will: 1) recognize the specific impacts of mine closure on women in the workforce (e.g. although usually not miners, women might be just as affected by mine closure in administrative or other support functions); and 2) address specific gender dimensions of redundancy arrangements. 

For the workshop, the selection of experts (speakers or facilitators) will be done in an inclusive manner.  Gender considerations will also be taken into account when selecting participants, and the agenda will be structured to allow all perspectives (male and female where appropriate) to be elaborated. 

The Project Overseer for this project is female.

Work Plan

ACTIVITY

TASKS / MILESTONES

TARGET DATE / TIMELINE

1. Draft the Mine Closure Checklist document

1.1.  Select and contract consultant(s) to research and draft the Checklist document (non-competitive tendering for major contracts)

The consultant(s) will be tasked with identifying global best practices in mine closure and reclamation governance for each Checklist module, as well as relevant global case studies. He/she will research and produce all content contained in the Checklist and identify linkages with existing resources.

August - September 2016

1.2.  Form a project Steering Committee

The PO will organize a small volunteer Steering Committee of mine closure experts and stakeholders. The Steering Committee will provide expert guidance throughout the project, and will review the content of the Checklist document produced by the consultant(s). The PO will solicit participation from within the Government of Canada, co-sponsoring APEC economies (including developing economies), the private sector (Teck Resources Inc.), and civil society to participate.

August - September 2016

1.3. Consultant(s) submit first draft of Checklist for review and comment by the Project Overseer

The consultant will submit a first draft to be reviewed by the PO for consistency with the project’s intended goals and outputs. The draft will be shared with the Steering Committee. The PO will provide guidance and course-corrections to the consultant(s) if needed.

December 2016

1.4. Consultant(s) submit “final” Checklist manuscript

The consultant(s) will submit a “final” draft of the Checklist to the PO as well as an outline of research and all reference materials. 

February 2017

1.5. Checklist reviewed and approved by project Steering Committee – for submission at the workshop at MTF11

The Steering Committee will review the content of the Checklist draft to ensure the information is accurate and captures the project’s intended goals and outputs.

March/April 2017

2. Select project management company (publication of Checklist)

2.1  Circulation of Request for Proposals (RFP)

The PO will develop and circulate the RFP to secure a project management company that will be responsible for editing, designing, translating, and printing the Checklist.

October 2016

2.2  Selection of winning company bid

December 2016

2.3  Printing of first Checklist draft

In consultation with the Project Overseer, the project management company will develop and print a preliminary version of the Checklist to be circulated to stakeholders and during the Mine Closure Workshop for input.

December 2016 – April 2017

3. Hold Mine Closure Workshop (1 day event)

3.1 Design of workshop including list of expert speakers

In consultation with APEC developing economies, the project Steering Committee, and other stakeholders, the PO will design a workshop which will focus on mine closure governance capacity-building. Speakers with expertise/experience relevant to the proposed material will be identified and invited to attend the event. The PO will also work with APEC to identify and invite potential workshop participants (aiming to achieve at least 1 government official from each APEC developing economy). Workshop materials will be created in collaboration with proposed speakers and member economies.  Arrange meeting logistics, including booking of the venue, AV equipment, etc.

November 2016 – April 2017

3.2 Workshop held on margins of 11th Meeting of the APEC Mining Task Force)

The draft Checklist will be circulated at the workshop for participants to provide input on content, layout, and utility. Comments will be collected and compiled by the Project Overseer. A workshop outcomes document will be developed and posted on the APEC website.

May 2017

4. Finalize and release Mine Closure Checklist

4.1 Finalize Checklist draft and submit to project management company for editing, translation, and printing

The PO will make any final refinements and modifications to the draft Checklist as a result of input collected at the workshop and comments from MTF members and the APEC Secretariat provided during the publication approval process (and feedback from the proposed IGF seminar in October). The Checklist will be finalized by the project management company including both print and an electronic version to be posted online.

June – November 2017

4.2  Receipt of printed final Checklists

December 2017

4.3  Electronic circulation of Checklist to APEC Secretariat and MTF/member economies

December 2017

Risks

RISK

RISK MITIGATION STRATEGY

Low interest/participation at workshop

Active engagement will be undertaken with workshop hosts and technical experts in each of the APEC economies, for speakers and participants.  The PO will contact project co-sponsors to enlist their support in getting speakers.  Special effort will be made to invite women as speakers and as participants.

The workshop is planned to take place on the margins of APEC SOM and MTF11 in 2017 in order to maximize participation, and reduce travel and other resource costs.

Risk of duplication with existing related mine closure guidance documents

The consultant(s) will be tasked to consult with relevant organizations that have worked in this area.  Research and analysis of existing initiatives will be undertaken to avoid duplication and the Checklist will reference existing initiatives to build on work that has already been done.

Logistical challenges; delays in project implementation.

Early reservation and planning

Checklist too generic with limited utility for developing economies

An initial draft of the Checklist will be developed with input from all relevant stakeholders and will be disseminated at the workshop for input with enough lead time to implement any required changes.

Lack of institutional capacity resulting in ineffective implementation by developing economies

Options will be explored to undertake pilot projects/domestic training programs (with the support of international institutions–e.g. CIRDI, IGF) in APEC developing economies to promote implementation of the Checklist and support institutional capacity building.

Monitoring and Evaluation

·  The Project Overseer will be monitoring the progress of the project on a regular basis and will take appropriate action in the event that progress is not satisfactory.  Specifically, a detailed workplan will be developed with corresponding milestones for each of the phases of the project.  The consulting firm will be monitored and assessed in accordance with the workplan, including the timely submission of progress reports and output for each stage.

·  A Steering Committee will be formed to consult on an on-going basis with relevant subject matter experts (including industry, developing economy members/project co-sponsors, others) to solicit input and guidance for the development of the Checklist, as well as to inform planning for the workshop.

·  A draft of the Checklist will be developed to present to MTF members and other relevant stakeholders during the workshop to take place on the margins of MTF11 in 2017.  Feedback received on the Checklist during the workshop will be used to make adjustments.

·  It is anticipated that 50 people will participate in the workshop (this number includes MTF members).  Excluding MTF members, up to 22 of these participants will be from developing economies, some of whom could be funded by APEC for travel (travel eligible economies).

·  Female participation at the workshop is estimated at between 10-15% (CANSIM - Canadian socioeconomic database from Statistics Canada labour force estimates for female participation in the Canadian mining industry is 19.4% for 2015).  Based on this percentage, it is envisioned that at most one of the expert speakers for the workshop can be expected to be female.

·  Website hits will be monitored to gauge interest for the Checklist.  On average, 2,000-4,000 downloads per year are anticipated, once the Checklist is has been posted online (both on the APEC publications website, MTF website as well as domestic websites).  For comparison, the Corporate Social Responsibility Checklist for Canadian Mining Companies Working Abroad (the “CSR Checklist”) which is available online only on the Natural Resources Canada website, had approximately 2,000 hits in the period March 1 2015-March 31 2016.

· The IGF will be approached to organize a technical seminar on mine closure as part of the IGF Annual General meeting (AGM) in October 2017.  The seminar, a multi-stakeholder initiative involving technical and policy makers from the IGF’s 55 member economies (six of whom are APEC economies) would provide a further opportunity to consult and solicit feedback on (and promote) the Checklist, and to make final adjustments before the final printing.  There would be no cost to APEC associated with this seminar, as it would take place as part of the IGF’s programming for their 2017 AGM.

·  A questionnaire will be prepared and distributed to all participants as well as the speakers, moderators and experts to evaluate the effectiveness of the workshop with respect to the relevance of the topics, presentations by speakers, ideas generated, overall impact and suggestions for improvement for future projects.  The Project Overseer will produce a report on the outcome of the workshop, together with a compilation of resource materials that will be made available online.

.  Options will be considered to assess the effectiveness of the Checklist over the medium term (3-5 years) in shaping policy change (with regards to developing regulations/governance frameworks) for mine closure in APEC economies.

Linkages

Mining industry representatives are well placed to dialogue with APEC economies regarding mining legislation and policies for mine closure and governments’ expectations for reclamation and environmental management.  Additionally, the mining industry can share innovative technologies for mine closure and best practices in engaging with communities.  Industry (Teck Resources Inc., Mining Association of Canada) will be engaged both as a partner in the design of the Checklist (to ensure the perspectives of the private sector are reflected), as well as in the delivery of the workshop and through implementation of best practices.  Specifically, Teck Resources will be a member of the Steering Committee, will contribute case studies and best practices for the Checklist, and will participate in the workshop as an expert speaker.  The Mining Association of Canada, through its Towards Sustainable Mining (TSM) initiative, has prepared tailings facility decommissioning and closure guidance that can serve as a model for a useful planning tool for the entire mining operation.

Linkages with other APEC fora (e.g. APEC Group on Services), as well as other intergovernmental organizations (e.g. IGF, OECD, World Bank) will also be explored to take advantage of synergies. The World Bank has actively supported economies undertaking mine closure and restructuring for more than 20 years.  In over 20 economies around the world, the World Bank has also worked with governments to include mine closure and sustainability in their mining legal and regulatory framework.  The World Bank also actively disseminates knowledge about best practice and experiences around the world and provides assistance to improve mine closure planning.  As indicated earlier, we will also pursue options to engage the IGF and CIRDI in the development, dissemination and implementation of the Checklist.

The Checklist will complement and build on existing guidance documents for mine closure (e.g. the World Bank’s Towards Sustainable Decommissioning and Closure of Oil Fields and Mines Toolkit; the International Council on Mining and Metals Closure Toolkit; the International Finance Corporation Environmental, Health and Safety Guidelines for Mining; the IGF’s Mining Policy Framework; amongst others), and will reference and provide links to these information sources as appropriate.

APEC’s comparative advantage:  APEC works to minimize barriers to trade through collaboration, sharing best practices and experiences in developing public policies and other tools to enhance trade and development.  This is a unique opportunity that will allow the exchange of experiences of APEC economies, allowing the promotion of best practices on mine closure in the APEC region.

Sustainability

The Checklist will create a platform for exchanging and sharing information, know-how, and best practices – it will be a tool whose principles and guidelines can be applied by beneficiaries, stakeholders, decision-makers and policy makers for many years to come. 

The contents of the Checklist will help guide economies to make meaningful and sustained policy changes to their governance frameworks for mine closure.  Opportunities will be identified to promote and maintain awareness of the Checklist amongst beneficiaries and stakeholders.  For example, Canada participates on the IGF as Secretariat and Vice-Chair for North America and will use its engagement (including participation at IGF Annual General meetings) as a platform to promote the Checklist.  Canada will also undertake bilateral advocacy for the Checklist during its participation at China Mining, the Prospectors and Developers Association Annual Convention, Mining Indaba and other related mining outreach events.  We will encourage and solicit assistance from the governments of other APEC economies (including other MTF members) to consider leveraging on their own outreach activities to promote the Checklist. 

Efforts will also be made to recruit APEC economies to consider implementing elements of the Checklist as appropriate in their economy.  Specifically, options will be explored to work collaboratively with either CIRDI and/or the IGF to undertake domestic training programs to promote the implementation of the Checklist.  Another option could be to work with these institutions to pilot the Checklist through a mine closure activity in an APEC developing economy. 

Partners such as the World Bank might be able to take what was achieved in APEC and disseminate the Checklist more broadly – thereby generating global impact.  Follow up activities to advance the guiding principles outlined in the Checklist may also be considered for future MTF meetings.  Future MTF meetings may be a useful platform for APEC Economies to share their experiences using the Checklist and to measure effectiveness and impact over the medium term.

Project Overseers

Eleni Deroukakis will be the Project Overseer responsible for managing the project, including the hiring of the consulting firm and coordinating with the APEC Secretariat, co-sponsors and industry partners.  Ms. Deroukakis will also oversee the project’s design and implementation, and will manage an “experts working group”/Steering Committee of internal as well as external stakeholders who will provide expert advice, guidance, and feedback as required throughout the development of the Checklist.  Ms. Deroukakis is the Senior Policy Advisor for Asia Pacific at Natural Resources Canada’s Minerals and Metals Sector.  She is an experienced manager who has delivered numerous high-profile international projects against tight timelines.  She has been working on Asia affairs since 2007, and has over 20 years of experience on international files more broadly.

Ms. Deroukakis’ division has extensive experience delivering tools to support mining stakeholders, including most recently, spearheading the development of the Corporate Social Responsibility Checklist for Canadian Mining Companies Working Abroad (the “CSR Checklist”).  The CSR Checklist is a guide to assist Canadian exploration and mining companies in assessing, planning for, and mitigating the potential environmental, social, and ethical impact of their operations abroad.  Since its launch at the Prospectors and Developers Association of Canada’s Annual Convention in 2015, the Checklist has been disseminated to over 1,000 stakeholders in Canada and abroad.  The mine closure Checklist will be modeled after the CSR Checklist.

Gilles Tremblay is currently the Manager of the Mine Closure and Ecosystem Risk Management Program in CanmetMINING of Natural Resources Canada, and he will provide subject matter expertise and support for the project.  He has over thirty years of experience coordinating large multi-party R&D consortia related to environmental issues affecting the mining industry.  At present, key activities include managing the Mine Environment Neutral Drainage (MEND) Program on acidic drainage and the National Orphaned/Abandoned Mines Initiative (NOAMI). His office also provides Secretariat services for the Global Acid Rock Drainage (GARD) Guide. Mr. Tremblay has participated in many international capacity building missions for various government agencies and has presented on the Canadian partnership model of cooperation at numerous events.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Not Applicable.

Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Version: 7.0 
Created at 03/08/2016 10:57  by Lucy Phua 
Last modified at 04/04/2018 09:34  by Lucy Phua 
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Project No.

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Expected Completion Date

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Work Plan

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Sustainability

Project Overseers

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Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

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Completion Report Received

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