Project Title

Developing Training Materials to Promote the Reduction of Mercury Use in Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining 

Project Year

2016   

Project Number

MTF 01 2016A 

Project Session

Session 1   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
View Budget TableView Budget Table
|
PrintPrint

Project No.

MTF 01 2016A 

Project Title

Developing Training Materials to Promote the Reduction of Mercury Use in Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: Mining 

Project Year

2016 

Project Session

Session 1 

APEC Funding

150,000 

Co-funding Amount

50,000 

Total Project Value

200,000 

Sponsoring Forum

Mining Task Force (MTF) 

Topics

Mining 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

United States 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Chile; Japan; Papua New Guinea; Chinese Taipei; Viet Nam 

Expected Start Date

01/08/2016 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2017 

Project Proponent Name 1

Dr Jane Dennison 

Job Title 1

Mercury Program Officer 

Organization 1

US Department of State 

Postal Address 1

2201 C Street, NW, Washington DC 20520, USA 

Telephone 1

1-202 6476880 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

dennisonje@state.gov 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Dr Jane Dennison 

Project Summary

This project will survey existing and accessible curricula and training modules useful for stakeholders within the Artisanal and Small-scale Gold Mining (ASGM) sector that support efforts to eliminate mercury use.  Two training modules will be developed, in collaboration with private sector organizations: 1) business planning to increase capacity of the ASGM sector to engage with the private sector and facilitate investment and 2) the role of women in small-scale gold mining.    A performance measurement framework to identify key indicators and benchmark the success of different training modalities targeted at reducing mercury use and enhanced efficiency of economic, natural, and human resources will also be developed.  Benchmarking workshops will be held in coordination with parallel efforts on miner training (e.g. CIRDI, USDOS, etc.): economies under consideration include Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Indonesia, and Peru.  Results will be shared with APEC economies at a workshop held on the margins of the 2017 Mining Task Force meeting.

Relevance

Mercury is a potent neurotoxin and major public health hazard whose transboundary migration makes it a global concern.  The Minamata Convention on Mercury is anticipated to enter into force in early 2017.  Artisanal and Small-scale Gold Mining (ASGM) is the largest global source of mercury pollution and specifically addressed in the Convention.  Besides mercury pollution, the sector impacts the environment through deforestation, loss of biodiversity from habitat destruction, soil erosion and sedimentation of rivers.

Mercury-free gold processing techniques can be cost-effective and often even more profitable than using mercury, but miners must be comfortable incorporating the new techniques into their operations.  This starts with proper training in several key areas, such as: basic concepts on milling and concentration, exploration and mine planning, formalization, legal requirements, personal financial management, business planning, and occupational safety.  While there have been some initiatives to develop ASGM training centers and materials, they have generally been stand-alone.

A survey of existing and accessible curricula and training materials, and the process of performing this survey, will strengthen coordination among training initiatives and increase their efficiency and effectiveness.  Without meas­­urable indicators it is difficult to compare the effectiveness of training modalities or develop benchmarks for ensuring Minamata Convention compliance. This project is intended to provide a framework, set of indicators and training recommendations to enhance coordination among ASGM education programs throughout the APEC region. Ultimately, the project will provide baseline knowledge to develop and critically review an APEC strategy for monitoring and evaluation systems in ASGM education.

This project falls under Rank 1 under “Building sustainable and resilient communities” and under “Human capital development . . . education and capacity building, as well as cross-border education cooperation.”  It also relates to Rank 2 under “Inclusive Growth, Women and the Economy and Activities/issues related to addressing the social dimension of globalisation, including health and gender” and “Sustainable Growth- sustainable development in mining.”

CIRDI has engaged directly with the Government of Indonesia to understand and identify the needs for training miners.  CIRDI initiated the adoption of the International Training Centre for Artisanal Mining (ITCAM) which has resulted in a Memorandum of Understanding between Indonesia and Papua New Guinea to support cooperation on this issue.

Objectives

1) To identify potential partners, particularly in the private sector, that would be interested in supporting  efforts to encourage participation of the ASGM sector in the formal economic sector.  In parallel with a desk-top review of existing and accessible ASGM miner training materials and curricula, we will reach out to various private sector entities to learn about their interest and whether they have such materials that could be used more broadly.  In addition to the private sector, the survey will include relevant APEC economies and other publicly-available sources. Primary data collection from relevant APEC economy partners will be prioritized. Through such a survey, we will determine gaps or needs that exist before training can be considered compliant with the Minamata Convention, framed in the context of APEC priorities. Global priorities highlight the need for  two stand-alone training modules:

a) one on business planning.  As miners learn better techniques for processing gold ore, they will need to have access to finance to purchase equipment and build relevant capacities to manage their resources. In developing this module, we will engage with the private sector, particularly investors, to be sure the business plans convey the kind of information required for sound investment decisions.

b) a second module on gender in the ASGM sector, including best practices for understanding the needs, risks and opportunities for men and women in the ASGM sector, with examples selected from Peru, Indonesia, the Philippines and Papua New Guinea. 

2)  To create a performance measurement framework to support evidence-based decision making and educational modalities to identify ‘leading practice’ training programs for mercury abatement and resource efficiency. Typically, a project on training or capacity building within a sector will use indicators such as the number of people attending, or responses from a simple survey to qualitatively evaluate the satisfaction with the training. The objective here is to find innovative methods for measuring and evaluating impact of the training and how well the materials were absorbed by target users. This framework will also look at how the method of delivering the training may affect its efficacy by field testing it in on-going ASGM projects run by other organizations and will represent different types of training modalities.  The exact projects where the performance measurement framework will be field tested have not yet been determined, but through collaboration, US DOS and CIRDI are ambitiously hoping to test alongside 4 separate projects, but at least in two.  The training delivery modalities under consideration include: central training center where participants travel to a centralized location, a smaller more dispersed pilot processing center intended for more local training, a mobile processing center, and internet-based training. Economies under consideration are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, Peru, and the Philippines, and will require ongoing coordination with relevant economy representatives.

The Canadian International Resources and Development Institute (CIRDI) will support the project through its learning and vocational training programs, and coordinate activities with operational projects in Indonesia, Peru and potentially Papua New Guinea. The private sector participated in a U.S. State Department workshop addressing the question of what investors would need to see in a business plan for them to invest in the ASGM sector, providing new funding mechanisms beyond government extension services. This project would work with investors to develop the business plan module. ABAC is another private sector organization that could potentially participate in this project in the development of the business plan module. The project will engage with mining industry associations, including the Chilean Mining Association, primarily through in-kind assistance with training efforts, including access to already-developed training materials.  In addition, this project will leverage additional funding through close coordination with parallel efforts on ASGM training.  Overall, international engagement is important because these groups can help develop and contribute to a knowledge-sharing network for disseminating the training materials.  They will also be able to provide information on large-scale mining leading practices as appropriate.

Alignment

This proposal addresses many of the points in the 22nd APEC Economic Leaders’ Declaration from Beijing, China, which specifically highlights sustainable development in mining and the Minamata Convention and the “pivotal role of women in the development and prosperity of the Asia-Pacific.”

This project aligns with the 10 APEC Mining Policy Principles, including, inter alia, to pursue policies that improve the economic and social wellbeing of our people, contribute to economic, environment and social development outcomes and promote information exchange and cooperation on technologies that are cost effective, efficient, economically sound, environmentally responsible and socially acceptable.  It has a strong focus on two important concepts enshrined in the Principles, particularly sustainability and exchange between member economies.  This project will contribute specifically to the capacity building activities planned for 2016 under the Mining Task Force Proposed Workplan task on “reducing mercury use in artisanal and small-scale gold mining.”

TILF/ASF Justification

Many APEC developing economies are in the process of formulating policy and regulatory approaches that will support and formalize their ASGM sectors, which can be a significant contributor to these economies’ GNP.  Efforts to comply with the Minamata Convention on Mercury could assist because the process of developing a National Action Plan, as required by the Convention, will provide an overall framework for economies to consider the cross-cutting nature of their ASGM sector.  Support to these economies’ educational institutions in the form of access to relevant and comprehensible training curricula and materials will build their in-economy capacity to tailor existing materials to their own unique ASGM sector.  Professionalizing the sector so that it considers itself, and is seen by the government, as a legitimate economic actor, will increase its attractiveness for long-term investment, which will, in turn, help capitalize the equipment needed for mercury-free processing.  Training on the role of women in the ASGM sector, including technical and soft skills, will also contribute to the capacity of the sector to provide employment and protect the health and environment of those living in the ASGM communities.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: 

1) A report on results of desk top research and survey of existing training materials applicable to ASGM with particular focus on elements required by the National Action Plan under the Minamata Convention on Mercury, including gender and business models.

2) A training module on business planning relevant to the ASGM sector.

3) A training module on gender in the ASGM sector, including equitable access for women to educational opportunities.

4) A performance measurement framework for impact evaluation of different educational modalities to identify “leading practice” training programs for mercury abatement and enhanced resource efficiency, based on the two training modules developed for this project.

5) A workshop on the margins of the Mining Task Force meeting next year to introduce the two training modules and the performance measurement framework.  Key individuals responsible for ASGM training, one from each of 11 developing economies, will be identified early on in the project and included in the workshop. The purpose of the workshop is to raise awareness about leading practices for capacity development, introduce the Performance Measurement Framework (PMF) and show through examples how participants can apply the benchmarking approach across four different training modalities. The two training curricula will be also introduced to participants, to solicit feedback on the content presented and ensure the course material reflects needs for capacity development in selected APEC economies.

Outcomes: The project is expected to have outcomes on several levels:

·   By developing a performance measurement framework (PMF) in coordination with APEC economy case studies, domestic stakeholders will be able to better design their training outreach and measure impact as they begin implementing obligations under the Minamata Convention on Mercury.

·   Engagement in the education of the ASGM sector will contribute to its formalization- an ASGM sector that is part of the formal economy can contribute to that economies growth and will, in turn, benefit from services provided by the government.

·   Engagement with the private sector is critical for long-term sustainable change within the ASGM sector: this project will further the identification of interested entities and develop their network as both resources and beneficiaries of better communication and engagement.

Beneficiaries: The direct beneficiaries will be those to whom the training is delivered: this project will work closely with on-going mercury reduction projects which will use the two training modules developed to train representatives from mining associations, host economy  government officials (particularly from mining and environment ministries), local government officials, and in-economy training institutions.  As the ASGM sector increases its participation in the formal economic sector, local businesses are expected to also benefit.  Small-scale miners will be identified through local cooperatives/associations.  In the absence of local cooperatives/associations, selection will be made in cooperation with local government and other local stakeholders. Emphasis will be placed on including women miners. 

ASGM is likely to be present in many APEC economies and more will be learned as the Minamata Convention on Mercury enters into force and parties to the Convention declare whether they have ASGM sectors.  But it is anticipated that a good number of APEC economies will have use for, or be interested in, the results of this project. 

While the project and its outputs will be tailored to APEC economies and field tested in specific APEC economies, this work will provide additional benefits to the international community as it prepares to implement the Minamata Convention on Mercury.  Having a performance measurement framework to better understand what kind of training will work best in which situations will be important for the approximately 70 economies with ASGM and for other ASGM projects interested in providing similar training.  The survey of training materials and the development of the two training modules will also be of great value to other economies both within and outside APEC.

Dissemination

The two training modules, the performance measurement framework, and the report on existing training curricula and materials will be reviewed and shared with the United Nations Environment Programme Global Mercury Partnership on ASGM (which will also participate in the steering committee for the project), including a link on the UNEP website.  Training materials that were developed in the private sector will be shared only with the permission of the originating entity.  All these materials, as well as results from field testing the training materials under on-going projects will be presented at a side event during the 2017 APEC Mining Task Force meeting in Vietnam.  Reports will also be available on the APEC website.

Gender

In addition to developing a training module specifically addressing the role of women in ASGM, the project will consider gender when developing the performance measurement framework to learn how women can play a role in the retention and dispersion of the training materials. The importance of women in the sustainable development of local communities has been recognized and will be considered in the development of this project. The gender in mining training module is intended to provide tools for measuring and understanding men’s and women’s differentiated access to resources, opportunities and risks associated in the ASGM sector of select APEC economies. Understanding different stakeholder needs for ASGM requires awareness of how men and women are differentially involved in and affected by ASGM, and the factors surrounding their engagement in the sector. By enhancing awareness and understanding of how to collect gender disaggregated data, users can develop projects and policies which ensure men and women have equitable opportunities for educational opportunities and participation at all stages of the ASGM value chain, with emphasis on practical examples from APEC economies. Improved data collection and understanding of need, can ensure men, women and children can access to the benefits of ASGM, and that no single group disproportionately bears the risks associated with ASM. In accordance, with the post-2015 development agenda, this training module promotes enhanced understanding of the value and simple tools to integrate gender equity in ASM, which is good for business development and supports inclusive economies.

Work Plan

The first activity will be the formation of a project steering committee which will include the Project Overseer, CIRDI, the co-chair of the UNEP ASGM Partnership, a representative of the private sector (e.g. the Chilean Mining Association), an expert on women in ASGM, and the successful applicant to the Request for Proposal.  Others may be added when the pilot testing phase begins to include managers of those in-economy projects.  In conjunction with this, the PO will work with APEC to draft and circulate a Request for Proposals and then select the successful contractor. 

Independently, CIRDI will develop its performance measurement framework which will be used during the piloting phase.  CIRDI will be responsible for managing its own funds but will work in tandem with this project. 

Once the contractor has been selected, they will perform the survey of existing training curricula and materials and develop the two training modules. The contractor will work with the private sector in APEC economies to compile a list of materials that would be appropriate for training of the ASGM sector, with a specific focus on mercury reduction and health and safety.  The contractor will also work with the private sector, in particular precious metal investors, on training various stakeholders (including economies and mining associations) on how to develop business plans to attract investor funding. 

This project will coordinate with on-going projects in at least two APEC economies to field test the training materials developed under the project and provide feedback on both the modules and the CIRDI performance measurement framework.   By working with on-going projects, this project will benefit enormously.  For example, projects to train miners in mercury-free gold processing will have already developed an understanding of the ASGM sector in the host economy and will have important contacts that will help this project identify the right individuals to receive this training.  In addition, “piggy-backing” onto on-going ASGM projects is a cost-effective way to field test the training products developed under this project.  The budget submitted below is ambitious and sets out the costs required to field test in 4 APEC economies.  Whether all 4 economies can be included will depend somewhat on the timing of the outputs and will require close coordination between those projects and the steering committee. 

On-going or to-be-awarded projects that have indicated willingness to coordinate with this APEC project include:

·  Pending U.S. State Department  project in Peru: Mobile Training Centers to Reduce Mercury

·  Global Affairs Canada project in Peru

·  Global Affairs Canada project in Indonesia

·   IRDI project in Indonesia on Minamata Convention and Institutional Capacity Building

·  CIRDI Project in Peru on inclusive economic growth and development

·  CIRDI Project in Peru on Water resources and mining

. International Research Roundtable in Development between DI and the Museum of Anthropology at the University of British Columbia


l

Risks

RISK

RISK MITIGATION STRATEGY

Lack of response from private sector, particularly mining companies in APEC economies, to requests for information on curricula and training materials relevant to ASGM sector

Include private sector on project steering committee to assist with providing contacts, framing survey questions, and engaging with appropriate points of contact.

Unable to coordinate with on-going ASGM projects in the four target economies (Peru, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines) to allow piloting the benchmarking

The project steering committee’s main function will be to ensure coordination between CIRDI and the contractor, and between CIRDI, the contractor, and the on-going ASGM projects which will pilot the training modules and the benchmarking framework.

Training modules are duplicative of other materials already developed or are not aligned with the level of understanding or expertise of the participants.

The contractor will be developing both the report on existing training materials and the two training modules so will have access to the most recent information on what is currently available. 

The contractor will be on the steering committee and will work closely with the on-going ASGM projects to better understand what level of training is appropriate.

Difficulties in communications at the local level

Training materials will need to be translated for assimilation into the local communities.   CIRDI has agreed to translate for Papua New Guinea.  Discussions with international experts have indicated that because of the many dialects in the Philippines, English may be the most appropriate language.  Training materials for Peru will be in Spanish and funding for this will need to be identified.  Funding will also need to be found for Indonesia.

Difficulties in reaching remote project areas

Transportation for field testing will need to be closely coordinated between this project and the on-going projects.

Monitoring and Evaluation

Surveys following training workshops are the most common method of collecting and evaluating the success of the project, and indicators are often  “number of people trained,” CIRDI is interested in developing a more targeted and useful performance measurement framework to be used to evaluate the training modules in the field.  We will be using the PMF developed by CIRDI for this specific project, with technical assistance provided from leading capacity development professionals and institutions.  For the workshop on the margins of the Vietnam Mining Task Force meetings, participants will be sensitized to the overall PMF framework through the delivery of presentations and engaged to provide feedback through a working group and participatory dialogue session. In advance of the workshop, stakeholders will be issued a baseline survey to solicit early feedback on the PMF concept and project approach, and frame workshop delivery. An exit survey will also be implemented to solicit feedback following the training and working group sessions. These data will be used to refine the final products and disseminated to workshop stakeholders.

The steering committee will be formed to consult on an on-going basis and to assist with coordination with private sector entities, subject matter experts, governments and economies, and NGOs.  The committee is particularly important for this project because of the need for collaboration and coordination with in-economy partners and projects.

Linkages

Through the project steering committee, the project will engage with the co-chair of the UNEP ASGM Partnership to ensure the activities build on the current training materials.  The Project Overseer has extensive experience in working in this sector.  Several APEC economies are very active in working with their ASGM sectors, including the 4 economies in which this project will pilot its training modules. 

APEC’s comparative advantage: APEC’s strength is largely due to the participation of both private sector and government, which makes it a powerful platform to work on ASGM.  There are credible models for mercury-free processing, but in order to replicate and even scale-up these pilots, the private sector must be involved.  This project seeks to advance the professionalism of the ASGM sector so that it can profitably engage with both private investors and, through formalization, with the formal economic sector.

Sustainability

Training modules to be developed under this project were selected because of their expected contribution towards sustainability and potential scale-up of the use of mercury-free processing.  With respect to the module on gender in mining, in some ASGM communities, the important role of women in the sector is acknowledged and encouraged.  For example, in Piura, Peru, women are often responsible for the financial aspects of the ASGM community and acknowledged as important for the stability of the mining endeavors.  Exploring various roles for women in the ASGM sector will be important for those communities where women are marginalized into restricted roles such as working the tailings.  The importance of training on business plans and associated financing has been recognized by several international ASGM experts because of its impact on expanding the ASGM communities’ ability to finance equipment needed for mercury-free processing.  Miners need to be able to communicate with investors on how switching to mercury-free methods is expected to increase their gold recoveries. 

This project seeks sustainability both near-term and long-term. The project hopes to encourage participatory dialog on positive efforts with respect to the ASGM sector by further developing a network of private sector entities, governments, and civil society within APEC.  This network can also serve as a platform for further exchange between APEC and the international community charged with implementation of the Minamata Convention. 

The outputs themselves should add to the sustainability of the project by contributing to the materials available to educational institutions and others interested in training within the ASGM sector. Similarly, the development of the performance measurement framework will be a useful feedback loop as additional training materials are developed and field tested, and we learn more about how best to deliver training. Results based management protocols, and management frameworks will ensure the project can deliver high quality outputs and support the use of harmonized methodologies to measure the impact of trainings and share information between APEC members. 

Finally, any contribution of this project to the education of the ASGM sector will also contribute to its progress in becoming a legitimate and important part of the formal economy.

Project Overseers

Jane Dennison has been the Program Officer for the U.S. Department of State Mercury Program for 6 years and has programmatic expertise and subject matter expertise on the issue of mercury use in the ASGM sector.  She has overseen 13 projects in 20 economies and has helped plan and execute workshops both regionally and globally.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Not Applicable.

Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
Attachments
Version: 6.0 
Created at 02/08/2016 16:33  by Lucy Phua 
Last modified at 28/01/2019 10:25  by Lucy Phua 
Version HistoryVersion History

Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
Attachments
Content Type: Standard Proposal
Version:
Created at by
Last modified at by
Go Search