Project Title

APEC – Enhancing Aviation Connectivity and Emissions Reduction via Implementation of Performance-Based Navigation (PBN) Assistance Program 

Project Year

2015   

Project Number

TPT 05 2015A 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Completed Project   
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Project No.

TPT 05 2015A 

Project Title

APEC – Enhancing Aviation Connectivity and Emissions Reduction via Implementation of Performance-Based Navigation (PBN) Assistance Program 

Project Status

Completed Project 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: Energy Efficiency 

Project Year

2015 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

188,192 

Co-funding Amount

33,300 

Total Project Value

221,492 

Sponsoring Forum

Transportation Working Group (TPTWG) 

Topics

Transportation 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

Energy Working Group (EWG) 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

United States 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Indonesia; Mexico; Thailand 

Expected Start Date

01/12/2015 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2016 

Project Proponent Name 1

Angela Harris-Clark 

Job Title 1

Manager, Asia-Pacific APC-10, Office of International Affairs 

Organization 1

US Federal Aviation Administration 

Postal Address 1

600 Independence Ave SW, Washington DC  20519, USA 

Telephone 1

1-202 3858944 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

angela.harris-clark@faa.gov  

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Angela Harris-Clark 

Project Summary

Many APEC Economies are not compliant with implementation of Performance Based Navigation (PBN), an aviation modernization program required by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). When fully implemented, PBN facilitates shorter flight routes with significant fuel and emissions savings. PBN also improves safety and reduces delays; this will help reduce the time, cost, and uncertainty of air freight and passenger movement throughout the Asia-Pacific region.

This project will send a team of regional air navigation experts to Mexico and Indonesia to assess their current PBN implementation status, review their current PBN implementation plans, discuss them with their Air Navigation Service Provider and Civil Aviation Authorities, do a gap analysis, and develop a final report with technical, operational and regulatory recommendations.

This proposal is in direct response to the Transportation and Energy Ministerial action to use air traffic modernization to reduce fuel consumption and emissions. The project also complies with the Ministerial Joint Statement of enhancing connectivity in aviation by improving transportation systems to ease the flow of goods and people, as well as supporting Leaders and Trade Ministers commitments to achieve an APEC-wide target of a ten percent improvement in supply- chain performance, in terms of reductions in the time, cost, and uncertainty of moving goods and services throughout the region.

Relevance

International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) member economies have committed to neutral carbon emission grown by 2020. PBN Implementation is a key for achieving this goal and reduces emissions and fuel consumption by reducing delays and enabling shorter flight track miles. ICAO also recognizes PBN as a priority to enhance safety and efficiency of air traffic management. As a result, ICAO has mandated PBN Implementation worldwide. 

Despite the ICAO mandates, many developing APEC economies are still struggling with developing and implementing successful PBN implementation plans, specifically in the areas of safety regulatory oversight, development of PBN procedures that would fit their unique airspace needs, and establishing required equipage (technology components) for local fleets. While some APEC economies have submitted plans to ICAO, others have not, or have submitted plans that are inadequate to fulfill program requirements.  ICAO does not have the resources to provide direct support to struggling APEC economies, and it falls on APEC’s shoulders to possibly provide support for this critical regional aviation goal, for which its previous co-sponsors, Malaysia and the Philippines, greatly benefitted. 

This project will provide direct, hands on support and assistance to developing Mexico and Indonesia who are struggling to meet international aviation safety obligations that have a significant global impact. Implementation of PBN procedures across the Asia-Pacific region will result in significant carbon emissions savings, and contribute heavily toward green growth actions supported by APEC Leaders. PBN implementation would also aid efforts under APEC’s Committee and Trade and Investment to achieve region wide improvement targets in supply-chain performance, in terms of reductions in the time, cost and uncertainty of moving goods, services and people throughout the region. 

Rank 1. This project improves Travel Facilitation, especially across economy borders. Furthermore, the project will increase Supply Chain Connectivity with improved aviation traffic flow. This project is also strongly linked to Rank 2, via Promoting Green Growth, and Promotion of Energy Efficiency.

Objectives

The overall project goal is to help ensure that a robust PBN implementation plan exists for each Mexico and Indonesia. The following items will need to be looked at:  regulatory oversight; safety; ICAO standards/requirements; environmental issues; and any current or future roadblocks to development and certification of PBN procedures. 

The project’s key objectives are:

1) have a group of regional PBN experts assess the host economy’s current PBN implementation status by reviewing their current PBN implementation status and plans with the assistance of the respective Air Navigation Service Provider and Civil Aviation Authorities;

2) doing a gap analysis to see if the ICAO requirements are being met; and

3) developing a final report with technical, operational and regulatory recommendations on how to facilitate faster PBN implementation while ensuring compliance with ICAO requirements.

Alignment

APEC Joint Ministerial Statements, as well as TPTWG Policy Direction letters, have directed modal experts groups to develop green projects that will reduce emissions across all modes of transportation. This project directly addresses the Transportation and Energy Ministerial Action Statement from 2011 whereby it significantly contributes to promoting regional economic integration by harmonizing international aviation technical regulations, and expanding and promoting the use of technologies specific to air traffic navigation and management. The project conforms to the APEC goal of conforming to international standards and best practices for managing and safely overseeing the PBN implementation process at the government level. The implementation of PBN routes and procedures directly translates into increased aircraft efficiency, reduced emissions, and greater reliability and confidence in air transportation as a primary means of economic growth through tourism and trade. This project directly meets the AEG-SAF work plan goals of increased use of new technologies to support APEC’s broad green growth initiative, and improving aviation safety in the APEC region through enhanced air traffic management.

TILF/ASF Justification

The targeted economies for this project, Mexico and Indonesia, have prepared baseline PBN implementation plans per ICAO requirements, yet struggle in many areas to bring those plans to fruition given significant challenges related to proper regulatory oversight, lack of flight procedure design expertise, and other critical areas. This project involves a direct transfer of knowledge, best practices, solutions, and action plans for implementing a performance based navigation system economy-wide in developing APEC economies that need the support and expertise of developed economies to realize success.  Mexico is a major transportation hub for both cargo and passenger traffic within the Western Hemisphere, and Indonesia, an island economy representing the fourth largest population in the world, is experiencing significant growth in the aviation sector.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: The project’s end result will provide Mexico and Indonesia with enhanced capacity to effectively implement PBN flight procedures in the host economy’s airspace. Host economies will receive a detailed report with the results of a gap analysis regarding the economy’s existing PBN implementation plan, and technical, operational and regulatory recommendations for improvements. The report will make recommendations regarding required tasks such as establishing proper regulatory oversight and airline equipage requirements, and make determinations on ground based navigation equipment needs to operate PBN procedures. One priority is to ensure governments of APEC economies have the required skills and knowledge to implement and monitor compliance with PBN flight procedures.  This project will not provide a formal training component. 

These documents will be made available for posting on the APEC website at APEC’s discretion. The host economies will also be asked to make presentations to APEC detailing lessons learned and how the project has helped them proceed along the PBN continuum. Also included in these presentations will be a discussion of best practices to improve any similar projects that APEC funds in the future.

Outcomes: Based on the recommendations in the final report of this project, the economies will be able to see improvements in the environment via reduced emissions by flying shorter, more efficient, routes; meeting ICAO requirements by having a more robust PBN implementation plan; increased safety with improved air traffic control regulation and air/ground system certification for implemented PBN procedures; and smoother cross-border operations between adjacent economies and Flight Information Regions. Each economy will benefit by being able to implement PBN sooner than would have been achievable otherwise. Performance achieved and expertise gained by the host economies would be shared with other economies via APEC so that lessons learned may be disseminated.

Beneficiaries: The direct beneficiaries of this project will be civil aviation authorities and air traffic service providers of Mexico and Indonesia. Secondary beneficiaries will be the domestic airlines and international carriers operating to and from these economies as well as the flying public. The world overall will benefit from reduced carbon emissions.

The main project outputs will assist the project beneficiaries (i.e. host economies) in providing them with a clear, concise way forward for PBN implementation in their airspace.  The assistance that will be provided will be universally helpful to any airport in the host economy; however, it is expected that medium and large size airports will benefit the most given their complexity; therefore, most of the collaborative efforts and recommendations will be focused on these airports. The expert team will collaborate with the host economy program participants to write an Action Plan of next steps that the host economy will follow, and a timeline, to move PBN implementation forward. The report from each site visit will detail the obstacles these economies face and include an outline of suggested solutions and best practices to follow for resolution. Final reports will be distributed among the broader TPTWG as a resource of information for all to access. All of these project outputs will enhance the host economies’ ability and speed at which they will implement PBN procedures and associated equipment in their air space; this will result in significant environmental savings in the long run. Implementation will also enhance air traffic capacity and safety in and around host economies’ airports by allowing reduced separation of aircraft operations while increasing the safety thereof.

Dissemination

This program is open, voluntary and non-binding to all APEC Economies that participate in air transportation with other APEC Economies. Additional developing APEC economies will be targeted to host additional visits in subsequent APEC project funding cycles. Each site visit will result in an Action Plan for PBN implementation tailored to the specific needs of the host economy, as well as a final report that outlines the general site visit activities, best practices shared, and observations with respect to PBN implementation that are applicable to any APEC economy. Dissemination at the domestic level will be the responsibility of the host economy’s respective civil aviation authority and air traffic service provider. Final reports will be published as a part of the APEC project database of document and disseminated at future TPTWG meetings to all economies. Broad project outcomes will be discussed at subsequent TPTWG expert group meetings and other related regional aviation safety meetings sponsored by ICAO, such as   the annual Directors General of Civil Aviation Conference, to ensure long term program sustainability. There is no intention to sell any of the project outputs.

Gender

The aviation sector in general has a gender imbalance; therefore, participation in this project is open to male and female participants alike and economies are encouraged to nominate participants from both genders to be a part of the site visits. Host economies will be encouraged to nominate female employees of the civil aviation authority and air traffic service provider to participate in the analyses and discussions along with other project activities to gain new knowledge and share work experiences on PBN implementation activities. The PO is a female, and the consultancy will be encouraged to assist in finding a female airport safety expert to join the team of expert.  In the past, the FAA has seen a range of 20-40% female participation on projects such as this one.

Work Plan

The Project Overseer (PO) will draft a Request for Proposals (RFP) for a single consultancy to manage this project, work with co-hosting economies to evaluate bids, and recommend a successful bidder to the APEC Secretariat. The APEC Secretariat will finalize contract details.

The project consultancy will work with the PO to identify a team of PBN experts and initiate project communication with the two host economies. At the time of this writing, it is expected that two SMES from AEROTHAI of Thailand will participate, particularly for the work to be done in Indonesia.  AEROTHAI provided very similar technical assistance to the Philippines and Malaysia on another APEC funded project and have already offered to do the same on this one. Furthermore, it is expected that the project consultancy will provide its own staff as SMEs for both Mexico and Indonesia.  The SMEs that are chosen will have provided guidance and implementation on PBN implementation in their home economies and are best positioned to provide real world guidance to the host economies.  The SMEs will be direct counterparts to the staff with whom they will meet during the site visits and can therefore provide extremely valuable support.  SMEs will be selected based on a strong history and background with PBN regulation and implementation. 

The project consultancy will pose a series of questions to each of the two host economies to identify what each economy views as its primary challenges to successful PBN implementation.  Using this information, the consultancy will develop Terms of Reference in consultation with the host economy, project overseer, and expert team members, and organize the workload of the team composed of 2-4 PBN experts. 

The host economy will nominate a Liaison Officer (LO) to work with the consultancy and accompany the project team during site visits. The LO will also be responsible for approving the consultancy’s Terms of Reference for the site visit, finalizing the visit dates and itinerary, and coordinating pre-visit documentation. The PO will remain ultimately responsible for the delivery of the project and for the certification of payments.  The PO will remain in regular contact with the consultancy to ensure all activities are being carried out in accordance with the APEC contract and the original project proposal. 

The PBN expert team will conduct two economy site visits to meet with civil aviation authority and air traffic service provider employees. The expert team will conduct a gap analysis on the host economy’s current   PBN implementation status and its long-term plans. The resultant reports will address regulatory guidelines and other needs to achieve a progressive PBN implementation plan and will include an action plan of next steps for the host economy to follow. 

Timeline:

Dec 2015-Jan 2016

Phase 1: RFP for contractor published; APEC contract with consultancy is signed.

Jan – Mar 2016

Phase 2:  Identify team of SMEs; establish dates and locations of Indonesia site visit; develop visit terms of reference; conduct one site visit; complete gap analysis. PO coordinates FAA review of initial report results after visit.

Mar  – May 2016

Phase 3:  Identify team of SMEs; establish dates and locations of Mexico site visit; develop visit terms of reference; conduct one site visit; complete gap analysis. PO coordinates FAA review of initial report results after visit.

May – Jul 2016

Phase 4:  Establish dates and locations of second Indonesia site visit; develop visit terms of reference; conduct one site visit; complete next steps recommendation report. PO coordinates FAA review of next steps and recommendations report results.

Jul – Sep 2016

Phase 5:  Establish dates and locations of second Mexico site visit; develop visit terms of reference; conduct one site visit; complete next steps recommendation report. PO coordinates FAA review of next steps and recommendations report results.

Sep - Nov 2016

Phase 6:  Draft consolidated report due from consultancy; solicit feedback from host economies; incorporate feedback into final report.  Final report due from consultancy.  Work with APEC to disseminate results of project.

Risks

Risk

Mitigation Strategy

Host economies and/or participants back out of program (low risk)

Mexico and Indonesia are already identified and confirmed.  The PO and APEC consultancy will work closely with them to ensure follow through and identify mutually agreeable dates for all participants, as well as accommodate schedule changes where necessary.  The consultancy’s contract for the full amount will be contingent on each host economy participating in the program.

Political/climatic conditions are volatile and could prevent team of experts from conducting site visit (low risk)

The expert team members will request their respective government agency mission(s) to conduct risk assessment, consult intelligence sources, consider threat assessment, consider liability issues, and review any travel warnings for host economies.  There are currently no known significant political tensions in the first two host economies.

Host economies do not implement recommended PBN measures

Mexico and Indonesia have not fully implemented PBN to the extent possible due to funding deficiencies.  In order to mitigate the risk that neither economy gains any benefit from this project, the consultancy will be directed to focus on short-term actions that both economies can undertake that will provide the most value for money and build on efficiencies of scale.  The PO will coordinate an FAA review of the project results provided by the consultancy following each visit to ensure suitability for implementation by host economies.

Monitoring and Evaluation

The PO will establish target dates for completing all primary tasks associated with the project. Primary tasks include securing a consultancy under contract with the APEC Secretariat, identifying a team of experts, establishing dates, terms of reference and scope of work for each host economies’ site visits, carrying out each site visit, and completing post visit reports per economy to include an action plan tailored to the host economy. The PO will remain in regular e-mail and telephone contact with the consultancy to monitor progress toward all primary activities, and hold the consultancy to a timeline to finish all activities within the established project cycle. Final reports will be subject to approval by host economies’ civil authorities and the PO.  Approval will be based on the content of the gap analysis and next step recommendations with particular focus on how relevant the guidance is given the host economy’s operational and fiscal constraints.  The FAA and consultancy will consider the project successful if host economies endorse and accept the final report’s recommendations. 

Host economies will be required to report back to the PO and project consultancy within one year of the site visit on progress, changes, and PBN implementation activities that have taken place as a result of the site visits. Host economies will also be asked to offer a presentation on the outcomes of their site visits at future APEC TPTWG AEG meetings.

Linkages

This is a joint project between the TPTWG Aviation Experts Group and APEC EWG. This project utilizes the experience of the EWG with respect to developing APEC funded proposals and acting as Project Overseer to meet all APEC requirements. This project also utilizes the technical knowledge and experience of the US Federal Aviation Administration and possibly Thailand’s AEROTHAI, each of which is actively engaged in PBN implementation activities in their home economies and has a vested interest in making this project a success to further expand PBN implementation among APEC member economies. Private sector specialist(s) on PBN will   also be invited to participate in the delivery of expert advice to the host economies to the extent possible; this will enhance communication and cooperation channels among government and industry in this sector as it pertains to the acquisition of related navigation equipment and utilization of external PBN flight procedure development services. In addition, the project outputs in terms of recommendations for PBN implementation will be posted to the APEC website for everyone’s benefit at APEC’s discretion. 

ICAO has a PBN Task Force team that meets at least twice a year to establish regional implementation goals, monitor implementation activities in the region, and act as a conduit for information sharing on the subject. ICAO has also established a Flight Procedure Programme Office that focuses on helping advanced ICAO states with developing and validating PBN flight procedures. Unfortunately, developing states that do not have mature PBN implementation plans, particularly with respect to safety oversight, are not able to take advantage of these services until their PBN implementation plans have fully developed. Furthermore, the ICAO PBN team does not have the resources to provide direct support to individual developing ICAO states, particularly those developing APEC economies that require individualized assistance in this area. 

This APEC project will fill in these gaps in existing PBN implementation support in order to realize greater, more effective use of new aviation technologies in the Asia-Pacific region. This project will be completed in coordination with the ICAO PBN task force as a complimentary activity. This project is being developed in close consultation with the ICAO Regional Office in Jakarta to ensure the project will complement the relevant work of ICAO in the Asia- Pacific region. 

ICAO is limited in the amount and level of detailed, specialized assistance that it can provide to individual ICAO states. Developing APEC economies are an integral part of the overall APEC economic marketplace and are many of the most desired tourist locations for travelers from developed APEC economies. This project provides direct support that will result in increased airline and air traffic management capacity thus meeting APEC’s priorities of improving supply chain connectivity and securing growth. It is a model APEC project that brings developed and developing APEC economies together in support of these APEC priorities.

Sustainability

Mexico and Indonesia will receive action plans that outline specific steps that the economy needs to take for successful PBN implementation. Pending agreement between APEC and the host economies, the host economies will be required to provide updates on PBN implementation within their economies at future APEC TPTWG AEG meetings for at least two years after the site visit to demonstrate active engagement on the action plan. Host economy liaison officers will be assigned a point of contact from among the team of experts for any follow-up questions or concerns and general guidance on the action plan. The final reports will be publicly available on the APEC website pending APEC approval.

Project Overseers

Angela Harris-Clark
Manager, Asia Pacific
APC-10 Office of International Affairs
Federal Aviation Administration
Tel: +1 (202) 267–0948
Email: angela.harris-clark@faa.gov

The PO will be Angela Harris Clark, Manager, Asia Pacific, in the Office of International Affairs, U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). Ms. Harris Clark has been a Foreign Affairs Specialist with the FAA since 1998. Prior to assuming the leadership role as Manager for the Asia Pacific Office, Ms. Harris Clark served as a regional specialist and managed technical assistance and training projects in cooperation with various civil aviation authorities throughout Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. Ms. Harris Clark also served for two years as the deputy chair of the Global Harmonization Working Group of the U.S. Government’s Joint Planning and Development Office and managed the coordination of the FAA’s NextGen Program to ensure interoperability with other global future air transportation systems such as the European SESAR and Japanese CARATS.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

A request for proposals (RFP) will be released to contract a subject matter expert consultancy to coordinate all aspects of the site visits and writing of reports. The consultancy will be responsible for writing and finalizing Terms of Reference for PBN site evaluation work in consultation with the host economy CAA, team of experts, and the PO; the consultancy will accompany team of experts on site visits; write all final reports; adhere to APEC publication guidelines and publish reports as required. The consultancy is not yet known however several experts in this field are anticipated to bid on the RFP once release.  The Secretariat will pay the consultancy directly based on the agreed milestones and upon certification of satisfactory completion of the project’s deliverables by the PO.

Waivers

APEC funded travelers will be requesting waivers to receive advanced payment for air transportation and per diems so that they do not need to cover these expenses out of pocket before travel. These experts will be from the private sector and a travel eligible APEC economy and cannot be expected to have funds to cover their travel in advance of participating in an APEC activity.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Created at 07/12/2015 18:24  by Lucy Phua 
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Version HistoryVersion History

Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
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