Project Title

Long-Term Reliability Study of Photovoltaic (PV) Systems for Installation on Islands 

Project Year

2015   

Project Number

EWG 21 2015A 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
View Budget TableView Budget Table
|
PrintPrint

Project No.

EWG 21 2015A 

Project Title

Long-Term Reliability Study of Photovoltaic (PV) Systems for Installation on Islands 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: Energy Efficiency 

Project Year

2015 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

130,000 

Co-funding Amount

20,000 

Total Project Value

150,000 

Sponsoring Forum

Energy Working Group (EWG) 

Topics

Energy 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Chinese Taipei 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

China; Thailand 

Expected Start Date

15/11/2015 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2016 

Project Proponent Name 1

Su Jin-Sheng 

Job Title 1

Division Director 

Organization 1

Bureau of Energy, Ministry of Economic Affairs 

Postal Address 1

 13F, No. 2, Fusing N. Rd., Jhongshan District, Taipei City 104 

Telephone 1

886-2 27757770 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

jssu@moeaboe.gov.tw   

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Su Jin-Sheng 

Project Summary

APEC economies will endeavor to double the share of renewables in the energy mix to support the UN Secretary-General's SE4ALL initiative. Solar is an important source of renewable energy. The first priority is to integrate and analyze the reliability issues of PV systems to enhance the PV output in APEC region. Most APEC economies are surrounded by sea and have abundant solar resources. .Moisture and corrosive sodium ions also reduce the efficiency and service life of solar systems. To solve the problems, this project will:

1) Produce a guide for PV coastline installation with recommendations to optimize the sustainability of coastal PV systems. Both nondestructive and destructive testing will be applied under failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) of various PV system materials.

2) The testing demonstration will be a 3KW PV system installed on Peng Hu islands of Chinese Taipei. There are 90 islands in Peng Hu with typical humid subtropical climate.

3) A workshop of the best practice and experience exchange of coastline PV installation and maintenance.

Relevance

The access to reliable energy services is crucial for economic activity and a sustainable development in remote rural and marine areas in the APEC region. An estimated 130 million people living in ocean area of APEC region do not yet have access to electricity what underlines the importance of continuing activities. According to the AELM in Beijing on November 21, 2014, the APEC Energy Ministers therefore endorsed a new APEC-wide goal of doubling the share of renewables in the APEC energy mix from 2010 levels by 2030.Successful examples of rural electrification based on renewable energy can be found all over the APEC region. However, few successful cases are equally widespread since these approaches often lacked a sound long term strategy or feasible business models which are crucial to ensure sustainability (ACE 2013).

Solar PV systems are one of the strategic solutions perfectly adapted to developing economies in order to meet the objectives of reducing emissions of GHG related to electricity production. The reliability issues of PV system in the coast area become very crucial because polymeric materials inside solar cells are prone to crack under high salinity environment.  Also, moisture and corrosive sodium ions shorten the efficiency and service life of solar system under this kind of harsh environment. The reliability issues, however, is still not common knowledge among the APEC region. Therefore, an increased study and exchange of experience and innovative approaches for PV systems among APEC member economies is essential.

PV is the most important and common renewable energy being applied in APEC region. A study and a guideline of keeping the PV modules maintenance and raise the reliability will be helpful to promote the PV installation in APEC region. The study result of this project will help to approach the doubling renewable energy goal in the APEC region in 2030.

The proposed project falls under “Rank 2, because it directly supports the APEC Leaders’ Sustainable Growth Strategy. As the project focuses on renewable energy technology - PV, and it is aimed at sustaining the sustainability of the system itself (called reliability), being efficient and has low carbon emission during operation. The project aims to make APEC economic members understand more about the PV system reliability issues in various environments. The new installed PV systems will enlarge the share of green energy in the near future.

Objectives

The objectives of the project are listed below:

1) This project aims to come out a PV module materials guideline, which includes suggestions and specifications of PV modules accelerated aging test under various environment.

2) A 2 days workshop will be scheduled to share the experiences and best practice of coastline PV systems among APEC region.

3) To suggest PV modules for the verification and demonstration under tropical coastline climate.

4) A pilot testbed will be demonstrated on Peng-Hu islands, Chinese Taipei. One or more testbeds may be included in this project if possible.

Alignment

The project aligns with APEC’s goal to double the use of renewable energy sources by 2030. In addition, the project not only aligns with APEC’s Mission Statement by ensuring the technical knowledge from the PV systems data is compiled, collated, and documented systematically so it can be utilized effectively, but also addresses APEC’s Deliverables by ensuring all reasonable steps are taken in trying to upkeep the promise that the renewable energy technology is delivering what it is intended to deliver.

The declaration of the 2014 APEC Ministers Meeting stated, “We encourage member economies to take actions to eliminate trade protection and restrictive measures that may impede progress in renewable energy technologies and development of this sector, and we endorse the Energy Ministers’ aspirational goal to double the share of renewables including in power generation by 2030 in APEC’s energy mix.” The proposed project will promote the commercialization process of solar energy utilization, which will support to increase the share of renewable energy APEC region.

The EWG Strategic Plan stated that the Expert Group of New and Renewable Energy should support the development and commercialization of clean energy technologies so as to make them economically viable in a wide range of applications, and increase trade. This project will be a vital step to raise the capacity of local PV installation, especially in increasing the performance/output and the share of electricity from renewable energy sources in APEC region.

TILF/ASF Justification

The overall cost of photovoltaic power generation is continuously decreasing in the recent years. The cost of photovoltaic power generation is close to, or even lower than the cost of traditional fossil fuel power generation.  Although most of APEC economies are building photovoltaic power stations, APEC economies gain different levels experience due to accumulated installation capabilities. Nowadays, photovoltaic modules and systems can last twenty to twenty five years of electricity generation service. However, there is still no related research studies about service life and maintenance technologies of a given photovoltaic system installed in harsh environments. The decreasing service life problem will limit the incentive of raising the PV electricity share.

Most of APEC economies have relative long coastline by Pacific Ocean.  There are not many job opportunities in coastal areas since it is quite difficult to develop agriculture activities and other industries due to the salty and unstable geography situation. However, there usually are abundant solar and wind resources in these areas.

There is no a defined module specification specifically for the systems operated under harsh coastal environment. The project will offer the knowledge and instruction mentioned to support the needs of building PV capacity in APEC developing economies. The result guideline will help developing economies to build up their owned PV industries, including the maintenance and problem solving ability.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

The output of this project will include:

1) A guide for PV coastline installation with recommendations to optimize the sustainability of coastal PV systems. Both nondestructive and destructive testing will be applied under failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) of various PV system materials. Both nondestructive and destructive testing will be applied under failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) of various PV system materials, such as ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA), back sheet, ribbon, junction box.

The published report will cover the following information:

a) The geography and natural conditions of Peng Hu Island. Why it is selected.

b) The detailed description of the sixteen years history of photovoltaic system on the island, such as PV system design, module, components parts, and construction processes.

c)  The failure mode analysis of aged PV module: The electric properties and structure of the PV system will be analyzed. The Visual Inspection, Electroluminescence , photoluminescence, infrared rays Images and PV monitoring system will be used to conduct the Insulation Test and Wet Leakage Current Test. The electric properties and structure different between new PV module and sixteen year module will be explored and then research the failure mode of PV module.

d) The Interface failure mode between PV module materials: The equipment, such as SEM-EDS, FTIR… et al, will be applied to research the aged materials of PV module and the failure mode of materials interface of a PV module.

e)  Optimization of used PV system: Solar radiation, energy yield, and PV monitoring system will be used to power the used PV system, which some damaged modules is repaired and re-installed back to the system for extending the service life.

To sum up, the guideline report will cover the PV system designs, modules, components, maintenance, and construction processes which is installed under high salinity and humid environment on the island.

2) The testing demonstration will be a 3KW PV system installed on Peng Hu islands of Chinese Taipei. There are 90 islands in Peng Hu with typical humid subtropical climate. It also has typhoon and monsoon during summer. The climate of Peng Hu Island is very similar to coastline climate of many developing economies in east-south Asia. It will be the best testbed example of coastline PV installation.

3) A workshop of the best practice and experience exchange of coastline PV installation and maintenance. It will help to build the knowledge and installed capacity of PV around coastlines. The workshop will be open to all APEC economic members. The workshop topic will be set as “Long term reliability study of PV systems for installation on coastline area“. The above mentioned system and research results will be discussed and shared in the workshop. 

Outcomes: Photovoltaic system is one of the most important renewable energy. Since most APEC economies have long coastline with abundant solar resources, PV is an important electricity source to increase the renewable energy share in whole electricity production. The cost of photovoltaic system is still keep going down and it will be more acceptable globally.

However, photovoltaic installation and power generation still need government support in most economies. The reports and workshop will promote the awareness of an integrated view for long term and durable PV systems installed in coastal areas. The results of the outcome knowledge are expected to impact to different aspects:

1)  Policy: The project outcome will provide useful suggestions to help APEC economies to develop applicable and suitable policies like feed-in-tariff, promotion strategies, installation plans for PV power stations, and long-term maintenance processes in typical sub-tropical/tropical coastal areas.

2) Financial Support: Even though the overall cost of PV is keep going down and there are already many existing financing scheme methodologies, the maintenance cost/skill and long term electricity production decline still are the barriers of installation incentives.  The project outcome aims to build up the capacity about failure modes of the PV systems, and enhance the operation life of photovoltaic power stations to twenty to twenty five service life in the coastal area for the potential or existing PV industries. Once the public, industry and banks get confidence about installing PV systems even under costal harsh environments, it will be much easier to get financial support from the different parties.

3) Improving the renewable energy application and building up industry/job opportunities in APEC developing economies: Most of the developing economies are located in east-south Asia and own very long coastlines. There are estimated 130 million people living in coastal area of APEC region who do not yet have access to electricity. Along coastlines it is difficult to develop agriculture activities and other job opportunities due to the salty and unstable geography situation. The long term objectives of this project is not only providing electricity to these off-grid areas, but also creating economic activities and job opportunities by help developing economies to build up their own PV industry supply chain. 

Impact: To explain the reasons of selecting Peng Hu Island as testing bed/case study, first of all, coastline area in APEC developing economies are under typical tropical weather with highly salinity, humidity, and typhoon or wave erosion problems. Especially the geography of coastline area is composed by sandstones, which severely limited the development opportunities activities either in agriculture or other industries. Building renewable energy capacity and installation like PV or Wind Turbines are the common approaches to increase job opportunity in coastline area, especially in APEC developing economies.

Peng Hu Island is located in the Central of Chinese Taipei Strait in the Tropic of Cancer area. The location is highly salinity and humidity which is harsher than the most of APEC developing economies coastlines. To sum up, Peng Hu Island is chosen because: 

1) The environment is very tough for PV system operation. The case study will definitely help the most of APEC economies with harsh environment to install PV, to increase the Renewable Energy capacity, job opportunities and the land utilization. 

2) The PV system on Peng Hu islands has been operated for 16 years. It is extremely rare to find a PV system being commercially operated for such long time in the mentioned environment. Usually a PV system installed in such environment cannot last longer than 10 years. The duration mechanism of the Peng Hu Islands PV system is still unknown. 

3) Usually it is impossible to shut down a commercialized PV system to investigate the PV duration mechanism because there will be no income during this time. 

4) Even the PV systems runs fine in good days under regular maintenance, the system still has to be frequently shut down in case of electric current leakage problems/accidents caused by high humidity and rainstorm. It is very valuable to trigger the study to figure out the duration mechanism and develop an updated maintenance approach to lever up the PV system operation. There is no other research fund being sought for this proposed project. Through the project investigation and research, a maintenance guide may help to build non-stop operating PV systems in harsh environment.

5) On the other hand, the whole PV system has to be shut down and decomposed for analyzation and investigation for the project execution. It is extremely difficult to find another PV site which has been operated such long time and is possible to shut down the whole system to do the investigation.

Beneficiaries: The project participants will include beneficiaries and stakeholders involving in the field of PV power systems such as private sector, research institutions, universities and government entities. The participants from policy makers can help to suggest PV system installation plans, suitable PV promoting strategies, bankability strategies, and developing PV supply chain strategies…etc.

Many organizations in the APEC economies are currently researching and implementing related PV power systems and devices such as in China, Thailand and USA who also are the EGNRET co-sponsors for this project.

Other direct project participant are:

1) APEC stakeholders: The workshop from this project will involve the experts from all the APEC economies. The first priority is EGNRET experts who have been working in the field of new and renewable energy technology research and policy making. The EGNRET experts are also familiar with APEC goals and priority.

2) Private sector: The main purpose of the project is to promote renewable energy in order to protect environment. The technology progress of PV system will result in a cheaper PV power supply. Private sector will not only be favoured by decreasing power cost, but also gains lot investment opportunities from PV supply chain industry.

3) Blooming coastal area economic: For other stakeholders in APEC economies and non-APEC economies, the project outcomes can be shared leading to the wide-spread of PV application that will facilitate the development of various industries like mechanics, equipment, electronic component, architecture design and engineering, new materials.  The PV supply chain including machine makers, analysis equipment, construction engineer, and material suppliers, such as plastic and metal, and electronic makers. The vigorous PV industry not only provide renewable energy to public, reduce carbon dioxide and then distribute clean energy sources, but also solve the problem of electricity shortage and the peak power pressure in the area in respective of gender and age, they will enjoy the energy-saving and environmental benefits plus the employment opportunities brought by this project.

Due to transportation difficulty and energy density problems, islands typically use diesel power generation systems for electric power supply, like islands in Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and Hawaii. The diesel power generation causes problems of global warming and pollutions. It is also quite expensive compared to the efficiency (~20-30%).

The problems of geography, budget, population or pollution concerns restrict to build fossil power factory with central electricity supply. District renewable energy supply will be the most clean and efficient way for energy consumption. These islands usually own abundance solar energy. The result from this proposed project will benefit the population in tropical coastline globally. Furthermore, the workshop and training program will lever up the knowledge about the advantage and cost structure of PV systems. It is expected that the people involved in this program will participate and make contribution in PV industry in the near future.

Dissemination

1) A research report will be published on the websites:

a) APEC official website
b) EGNRET official website

2) The project report will be sent to all the workshop participants.

3) The target audience of the proposed project includes government officials, researchers, energy companies (product and service providers), electricity users, and investors. The target audience will include the same groups in APEC and non-APEC economies.

4) The project outputs, final report and the workshop information will pass to co-sponsors for extensive distribution.

Gender

The proposed project will pay attention on the equal rights for men and women gender equality with the equal rights, responsibilities and opportunities of women and men and girls and boys. Since the main purpose of the project is to promote renewable energy, reducing carbon dioxide emission, and protecting environment, most of work will encourage the participation of female experts and professions. The project workforce, workshop speaker, and attendance will be no less than one fifth of total number. It is expect that more and more female will attend the PV supply chain in the APEC economies after the building up their own PV industry.

The ultimate target of this project is to promote the development and application of new energy and renewable energy, reducing carbon emission, facilitating environmental protection, achieving social and economic sustainable development. The proposed project will dedicate to create more equal employment opportunities for females by getting women involved in the process of project development, increasing female social identity awareness, achieving the female self-development in technology and environmental protection.

Due to the existing limitation of engineering specialty, the workshop speaker and attendance will be guaranteed more than one fifth of total participating number. However the execution labor of the project will be more than 45% of total. Since female rarely attend the PV system supply chain due to heavy work, the project will hold training programs of coastal PV installation and maintenance with female attendance. Bankability is another crucial step for promoting PV industry. A training program for banking mechanism for PV industry will be conducted and invite female attendance too. Both training programs (engineering and banking) will increase the female participation to PV industry.

Work Plan

The project aims to demonstrate the best practical model by developing a reliable PV module system installed in coastline area. This project will complete an integrated analysis of a solar photovoltaic system operated for sixteen years on Peng Hu Island. The environment of Peng Hu Island is typical sub-tropical with high salinity, humidity, and relatively high heat. Typhoons and monsoon also occurs time to times during specific seasons. The project will analyzes the electrical/material status and explore the crucial factors of long service cycle of the PV system. After knowing the service life and system specifications of the PV system installed in the coastal harsh environment, the cost of a given PV system can be calculated and estimated precisely.

The proposed specifications suggestion will be a very important guideline to develop the capabilities of building photovoltaic modules. It will also be a reference for installation/maintenance/component parts selection of photovoltaic system. It is expected that the efforts will enhance the service life and efficiency of photovoltaic system and then maximum economic benefits. The proposed work plan is listed below. 

To co-work with other organization within APEC economies: It is well known that bifacial solar module can produce more power in a fixed installed area. The project proposes to work with a Japan company to develop the special paste for bifacial solar cell. How to apply this kind of special structure solar cell will be addressed and published the all APEC economies. The proposed TUV cooperation will be deleted in the project.


Work plan / Timeline

The failure mode analysis of aged PV module

Dec., 2015 – Feb., 2016

- The Geographical environment and natural conditions of Peng Hu Island.

-  Narrative the information about 16-years photovoltaic module/system design, installation, components parts, and construction processes.

Failure mode analysis of aged PV module:

1) PV module performance evaluation-follow IEC61215ed.2 specifications which include module efficiency, maximum power determination, insulation test, wet leakage current test…et al.

2) PV module reliability evaluation-follow IEC61215ed.2 specifications which include hot spot, snail trail…etc..

3) PV module structure and out looking evaluation-items including; cell crack, broken finger, broken soldering, and PV system frame corrosive status and possible root cause.

Tools will be utilized: PID, Visual Inspection, Electroluminescence , photoluminescence, infrared rays Images… et al.

The Interface failure modes among PV module materials

Mar. – May., 2016

-  Exanimating the interface of PV ribbon solder, silver paste, and aluminum paste, failure mode analysis of EVA, backsheet, and junction box.

-  The specifications of the key components, such as EVA、Backsheet、Ribbon, Junction box and Tools(SEM-EDS, FTIR…et al.

A report about the learning at this stage will be published online (EGNRET website) to share with APEC economies.

Optimization of used PV systems

Jun. – Aug., 2016

-  PV maintenance includes replacing retired inverters, cable, electric power parts. The system under maintenance will be put into the service to increase the efficiency of photovoltaic energy output of the given photovoltaic systems.

-  Solar radiation, energy yield, and PV monitoring system will be applied to monitor the maintained system performance.

It will also consult with other experts among APEC by scheduling the workshop at this time period.

Start writing the reports;

1) calculation model of PV cost

2) Long term reliability study of PV systems for installation solution.

Scheduling a training program for PV Banking workforce. The training will be about the cost structure and operation cost of PV system.

An 2 days APEC workshop on Long term reliability study of PV systems for installation solution

Sept. – Oct., 2016

Final reports of the project will be ready for workshop. The reports will cover calculation model of PV cost and long term reliability study of PV systems for installation solution.

A workshop of the best practice and experience exchange of coastline PV installation and maintenance. It will help to build the knowledge and installed capacity of PV around coastlines. The workshop will be open to all APEC economic members. The workshop topic will be set as Long term reliability study of PV systems for installation on coastline area.

The site visit will be arranged on the 2nd day of the workshop

Integrating the workshop result into the final report publication

Nov. - Dec., 2016

Workshop will be executed at this stage. If APEC economies are interested in the related knowledge and need further consultant activities during workshop period, meeting will be scheduling at second day of workshop. All the mentioned reports will be published in the mentioned website for people to access.

Completion of the project

The preparatory work plan is listed below:

1) Seeking the sub-contractor who should have the capability of both PV related technology, reliability test facilities、and police promotion activities in the past.

2) Seeking the ideal PV system for studying

3) Seeking the APEC economies people who live in the remoted island and are interested in the solar power

4) Seeking banks who are interested in financial support PV systems

5) Seeking technology cooperation inside APEC economies

6) Study global field test related information

7) Inventory and identify the need reliability test facilities source and then check the facility capability and status

8) Study the related information, PV related policy 、city power price、PV developing status…etc., in APEC economies

Risks

The number of PV installation increases rapidly globally. To implant the results of the project is still face some risk due to the difference bankability and energy policy in APEC regions. The potential risks are;

1) Due to the difference geography, sun shine, and weather (such as daily temperature and typhoon), the implanting of the project may need slightly modification to achieve the similar results.

2) Different feed-in-tariff may affect the PV promotion outcome. It is especially true whenever the feed-in-tariff is not exist or very low.

3)  If the fossil electric price is low, it becomes a barrier for promotion renewable energy.

To overcome the potential risk to implant the results of the project, the project will collect and analyze the information, such as photovoltaic policy, feed-in-tariff, and fossil electric price …etc..

Due to the progress of PV technologies R&D, the global trend of decreasing photovoltaic price in near future will be collected and analyzed. Also, an objective calculation model of PV cost will be set up. The model will cover labor, materials, components parts, modules, maintenance costs, daily sunlight…etc. The shared model will be a useful tool for people who want to estimate the total cost, such as installation, maintain, and operation of a given PV system. After knowing the total cost of PV system, the promotion of PV will be much easier.

Monitoring and Evaluation

Several indicators are arranged to evaluate the project results. The project study will follow the IEC61215 test procedures, including module efficiency, cell crack, broken finger, broken soldering hot spot, snail trail, maximum power determination, insulation test, wet leakage current test… et al.

The assessment items also include exanimating the interface of ribbon solder, silver paste, and aluminum paste, failure mode analysis of EVA, backsheet, and junction box.

Other indicators include Performance matching and mismatching of used PV module/system, restructure PV system - restructure system electric circuit, replace inverter…etc.

1) The people and organizations, who participate the workshop, will be reported. Feedback will be sought to know the workshop’s effectiveness in the form of a brief questionnaire. Data on women attending will be reported on in the project completion report.

2) The project arrangement and performance quality will be delivered at EGNRET 46 and EGNRET 47 to receive the feedback for further revision. Number of report downloads will be reported on in the project completion report, as well as any feedback on the final report.

3) The project will encourage female participants to assist and implement the project. In addition, the project may improve the living conditions for both man and woman who live in coastlines suffered from electricity shortage, by increasing and distributing the renewable energy.

4) Project progress checking monitoring: PO will submit project monitoring progress checking monthly with experts, checking milestones based on work plan, accessing deliverable stage quality assessment, submitting, bimonthly project implementation progress report, mid-term report, and final report. After the project complete, the report will be sent to all APEC EGNRET members for comments and suggestions.

Linkages

To magnify the influence of the project’s results outside APEC economies area, the project will search the cooperation with the Asia lavatory of UL(U.S.A.), TUV (German), or TUV SUD(German). The traceability and precise of project’s measurement will be compared with that of the above mentioned international organization. Module power and performance measured data, such as insulation test, wet leakage current test, and thermal cycle test, will be cross compared with that measured by above mentioned laboratory. Since the well-known organizations have more than ten year experience, the cooperation is very help for the precisely execution of the project and promote the influence of the project.

Although there are a lot activities of photovoltaic globally, the research of photovoltaic systems, which are operated in the harsh costal area, is hard to been identified due to the restriction of geography, technology, and hard to find the studied PV power station...etc. The project focuses on the long term reliability of photovoltaic system in the harsh coastal area. The valuable results not only benefit the APEC economies to distribute energy source and blooming local economic, but also draw attention of the area, outside APEC economies, who have abundance sun and long costal area.

APEC accounts for approximately 52 percent of the earth's surface area and 59 percent of the world's population. An estimated 130 million people living in ocean area of APEC region do not yet have access to electricity. Since APEC regions have abundance sun and long coastal area, developing photovoltaic system not only help 130 million people to access electric, but also blooming the coastal area economic. The APEC member economies can pick the suitable industries in the photovoltaic chain in order to build their own PV industry. The project therefore applies the APEC fund to benefit the APEC regions people directly. 

There are two PV related APEC projects under implementation, which is Small and Medium PV System Database in the APEC Region(EWG 14 2015A) and APEC Photovoltaic System Best Practices and Latest Development Comparative Study (PV-BPLD)( EWG 03 2014A) . The proposed project will interact with these projects through EGNRET as a communication platform to exchange views and modify the execution approaches if needed. The proposed project will also invite the above projects workforce to participate the APEC workshop on Long term reliability study of PV systems for installation on islands as speakers or guests.

Sustainability

The proposed project is a full reliability research of photovoltaic systems operated in high salinity, humidity, and relatively high temperature environment with typhoon or monsoon attacking from time to time for more than 15 years, which is rarely found in the global literature. UL experts are interested in the system because the reliability research of the system can offer a good reference for the modification of the world’s accelerated reliability test. The project will offer a detailed/professional report, data, and design specifications to share with APEC member economies. The steps to keep the sustainable impacts of the results are:

1) The full report of this project will be published in the website of APEC, EGNRET and Taiwan Photovoltaic Industry Association or Million Roof Top PVs. It is easy to access the report.

2) Whoever has questions about the project, the team of the project will solve the questions to continuously contribute to related R&D among APEC economics. The project outputs and planned follow-up research will be given to project partners and stakeholders for their further R&D activities. The developing economic will be the most possible beneficiary for their own R&D development. After the project is finished, the potential industry that need deeper or on-site consultants, the execution team of the project will provide the needed service with reasonable charges. The proposed project will also report the follow-up work in the other appropriate APEC forumis one more way to ensure the sustainability.

3) After executing the APEC project, PO will identify similar PV system for long term monitoring and compare the performance difference between coastline PV systems and regular systems.

4) If there is available financial support, the PV related training will be conducted in all possible APEC economies area. After the training programs and possible charged base consultant, it can be expected that people will install more PV system for both economic and environment consideration.

Project Overseers

The Project Overseers is Mr. Jin-Sheng Su, the Director of Energy Technology Division, Bureau of Energy, Ministry of Economic Affairs, Chinese Taipei. Mr. Su has expertise background in Electrical Engineering and International Studies.

His working experiences includes responsibilities for the formulating renewable energy policies and renewable energy related regulations; promoting all types of renewable energy including the "1000 wind turbines" and  the "Million solar rooftop PVs" project; expanding  the R&D of new energy technologies  to support  the development of green energy industry; developing advanced energy technologies.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Not Applicable.

Waivers

Travel and per diem for experts from USA, Chinese Taipei, Malaysia and other economics require waivers. All the experts, secretary and workshop speakers will be present in English so the translation fee could be skipped.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
Attachments
Version: 3.0 
Created at 07/12/2015 15:37  by Lucy Phua 
Last modified at 28/12/2016 13:12  by Lucy Phua 
Version HistoryVersion History

Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
Attachments
Content Type: Standard Proposal
Version:
Created at by
Last modified at by
Go Search