Project Title

Successful Cases of Women-Owned Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Foreign Trade 

Project Year

2015   

Project Number

PPWE 01 2015A 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Completed Project   
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Project No.

PPWE 01 2015A 

Project Title

Successful Cases of Women-Owned Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Foreign Trade 

Project Status

Completed Project 

Publication (if any)

http://publications.apec.org/publication-detail.php?pub_id=1854 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: General Fund 

Project Year

2015 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

145,216 

Co-funding Amount

25,000 

Total Project Value

170,216 

Sponsoring Forum

Policy Partnership on Women and the Economy (PPWE) 

Topics

Gender 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Chile 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Mexico; Peru; Philippines; Chinese Taipei 

Expected Start Date

01/01/2016 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2016 

Project Proponent Name 1

Nicole Verdugo (new Project Overseer wef 7 April 2016) 

Job Title 1

Head of Gender Department 

Organization 1

Ministry of Foreign Affairs 

Postal Address 1

Teatinos 180, 12th Floor, Santiago, Chile 

Telephone 1

Not Applicable 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

nverdugo@direcon.gob.cl 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Nicole Verdugo 

Project Summary

This project seeks to promote and encourage the participation of Women-owned SMEs in foreign trade through the collection and dissemination of success stories, as well the exchange of best practices.

The project includes:

1) The compilation of cases of women´s SMEs that have been successful in participating in international trade.

2) Holding a public – private workshop, where a group of outstanding women would have a platform to personally present their experiences, including the challenges faced and how they were able to overcome them to successfully participate in foreign trade.

3) The publication in a digital format of the successful cases compilation (described in the first point), entitled "Women´s SMEs: Conquering International Markets." This document would include not only a compilation of the cases, but also references to the main challenges faced and how they were able to overcome them.

Relevance

SMEs play a major role in the economic development of member economies, not only internally but also in the development of foreign trade, as reaffirmed in APEC 2015 Ministerial Meeting that approved an action plan to facilitate the participation of SMEs in regional and global commercial activities. 

Meanwhile, gender equality is a crosscutting issue affecting all member economies and their societies. For more than 20 years the world community has been working to achieve gender equality, since the 1995 Beijing U.N. Declaration and Platform for Action, signed by 189 members. However, according to the U.N., to date no member has achieved that goal and important gender gaps persist in various areas, especially in the incorporation of women into the labor market and entrepreneurship. In the latter, in particular, there are often insufficient incentives to ensure the permanence of women, such as the implementation of public policies to provide assistance for the upbringing and care of children, disabled persons and the elderly, where the responsibility has typically fallen to women. 

Furthermore, the linkage between SMEs and women has been developing for quite some time, due to a diverse range of factors, including the high degree of employability generated by SMEs; the increased participation of women in companies of that size; as well as the fact that SME can represent a more accessible path for the development of entrepreneurial capacity, thus becoming an important tool for the economic development of women. In this context, in 2013, during the first SOM and related meetings, members expressed the need to deepen the work carried out in SMEs, women, financial inclusion and health. The result of this was the development of a high-level and joint SMEs and Women meeting. 

Woman´s SMEs are different from men´s SMEs; they are generally created for different reasons and with different needs. Men and women operate differently; and companies establish, develop and operate their business under different criteria and goals. Hence it is not appropriate to develop and implement the same type of public policies to promote men’s and women’s SMEs. In this sense, it is necessary that gender inequalities present in this policy should be identified to incorporate different measures that respond to the needs of both female and male entrepreneurs. 

In addition, trade and gender issues have been largely absent from public debate and the institutional frameworks. It is obvious that international trade has been a key tool for economic growth; however, due to the low incidence of gender issues in the formulation of public policy in foreign trade, they have not been able to contribute to the sustainable development goals related to gender. 

It is essential to link SMEs and women in order to increase their participation in international trade through the dissemination of success stories, through the sharing of experiences with entrepreneurs from other member economies and by listening to experts that can provide additional input to help governments support women´s SMEs in their conquest of international markets. 

The subject of this project falls under the following priority of Rank 1: “SME Development, including access to regional and global markets”. Furthermore, the project is also linked to Rank 2: under the priority “Women in the Economy”, under Inclusive Growth. The implementation of the project will promote the awareness of women’s needs in the APEC region in trade opportunities, particularly for women-owned SMEs.

Objectives

1) To identify Women´s SMEs from APEC member economies that have been successful in the internationalization of their SMEs; 

2) To provide peer and expert insight on how woman´s SMEs can overcome obstacles and export their goods and/or services, and to exchange experiences and share best practices in the adoption of government policies that can effectively increase the participation of women in trade; 

3) To hold a public-private workshop, during the second semester of 2016, where participants will learn from successful cases of women exporters, to encourage them and others, in the process of exportation of goods and services; 

4) To create and disseminate a digital publication through the APEC website, that would include interviews explaining the difficulties faced, support needed, paths taken to overcome challenges; and

5) To build a contact network among the woman´s SMEs identified as "success stories", entrepreneurs and agents from export promotion offices that participate in the workshop.

Alignment

This project will support APEC´s priority of supporting further development of economic opportunities for woman, as stated by the APEC Leaders in their 2014 Declaration, where they committed to taking concrete policies and innovative measures to further enhance women’s economic empowerment and their access to markets, and to promoting women entrepreneurship. 

Furthermore, in 2013 Leaders reaffirmed and expanded their commitment on this issue, specifically aiming at equal access to trade and fostering woman-owned SMEs. 

In the same year, the SMEs Ministerial Meeting recognized that innovation and technology cooperation are important elements to enhance the competitiveness of SMEs. Women entrepreneurs face the same challenges, and this project will give an opportunity for APEC economies to share their experiences on how women face these challenges, and the way in which we can support them, to promote not only their growth but also their internationalization. 

This project is also in line with the 2013 HLPD Statement, where Ministers agreed that PPWE projects should be linked to advancing at least one of the priorities identified in the Strategic Plan 2015-2018, in order to effectively implement the PPWE Strategic Plan. 

Moreover, in the Statement of the “APEC WE 2015 Fora”, held in Philippines, official representatives from the APEC Economies emphasized that gender is an important aspect in international market and in global value change. They encouraged taking proactive measures to enable women as entrepreneurs to become more competitive and improve their ability to participate in global market. In that opportunity, success stories of role models who exemplified the transformation of women were presented, and lessons and recommendations for women to take ownership were given, highlighting that sharing experiences is a fundamental tool for women to propel their development process in global market. 

Accordingly, during the second PPWE meeting, this project was included in the Objective 2 of the access to market pillar of the PPWE Strategic Plan.

TILF/ASF Justification

In most economies, there is a gender gap in relation to entrepreneurship and international trade. Most of the companies that exports their products or services are men owned companies and women faces lots of challenges accessing to global market. This is a challenging task for all the economies, but it is more challenging for developing economies, for different reasons that depends on the reality and circumstances of each. 

This project proposes the opportunity to develop a workshop that will contribute to share successful experiences from women-owned SMEs that export their products and services, and how they have overcome the obstacles in this process. The workshop and the digital publication will support capacity building for gender gap reduction in this area. 

The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) Report states that every economy, big or small, is inevitably a part of the global economy. Therefore, it is important to track how internationalization contributes to the growth of businesses. In 2014, the GEM survey confirmed again that “early stage entrepreneurial activity is mostly performed by men”; due to combination of cultural, societal and economic reasons. Therefore, internationalization is also driven by men. 

As many economies, Chile faces the challenge of increasing the participation of women in the market minimizing the barriers they could face in this process. Publications from OECD indicate that female entrepreneurs have “double assignments” (i.e. they are running an enterprise and a household at the same time), and this may limit the time female entrepreneurs can devote to their businesses. It also affects the choice of the business that they start, excluding activities that are more demanding in time. Female labour force participation in Chile has increased significantly since the mid-1990s, but in international comparison, it is still low at 54% in 2011, compared with an OECD average of 62%. Gender gaps in employment outcomes are also reflected in other domains: Chilean women earn less than men; they are under-represented in senior management positions; and they are less likely to own a business. This reality is also reflected in the process to export products or services to other markets. 

The reduction of gender gaps in entrepreneurship and internationalization will only be possible if the obstacles women face are well known and addressed in a comprehensive way. 

This project will develop a three-day workshop in Santiago, Chile, in which APEC economies will share successful experiences in a public-private dialogue, focusing on women-led export processes, and the efforts to overcome the obstacles they faced. Other APEC developing economies will benefit from this experience sharing. It is expected that women-owned SMEs and the economies’ export promotion offices will share best practices and the lessons learnt; and that the workshop will ultimately help all Economies to focus the efforts they are doing to promote women in global markets.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs:  

1) Event: To hold a public–private workshop, where a group of outstanding women would have a platform to personally present their experiences, including the challenges faced and how they were able to overcome them, to successfully participate in foreign trade. 

This three-day workshop will be held in August – September 2016 in Santiago, Chile. It is expected to gather authorities and policy makers from the export promotion offices, economy or finance, foreign affairs and gender ministries from the several APEC economies. 

A survey will be applied to select successful cases of women owned SMEs to participate as speakers in the workshop. There will be also a space for representatives from export promotion office to explain their experiences in supporting women in the internationalization process. It is intended to include male and females speakers to obtain not only a fruitful dialogue, but also a complementary one. Including both men and women is critical to consider different views on how to improve the process of accessing to global market. 

The workshop will be developed from the beginning of this project and a set of workshop materials will also be prepared. 

For the success of this project, APEC economies’ representatives will be encouraged to participate in this activity and Chile will develop actions towards this end, such as contacting embassies and governmental authorities to obtain responses of the survey, participate in the workshop and increase networking. 

2) Tools: After the workshop, a publication in a digital format of the successful cases compilation (described in the first point), entitled "Women´s SMEs: Conquering International Markets", will be developed. This document would include not only a compilation of the cases, but also references to the main challenges faced and how they were able to overcome them. 

3)  Knowledge: During the workshop obstacles and challenges will be discussed and how these have been addressed, lacks in knowledge will be identified and the knowhow to successfully overcome them in the export process will be shared. 

4) Collaboration: This workshop will allow networking between speakers and participants to exchange views and experiences on the export process. It will also promote better understand of the working and available tools of the different export promotion offices within the APEC economies. 

Outcomes: The project is based on developing a compilation of cases of women-owned SMEs that have been successful in participating in foreign trade that will share their experiences with women entrepreneurs from the different APEC economies, to encourage them to take part in foreign trade. 

Based on the workshop’s presentations, discussions and recommendations, it is expected that all participants, from both women’s SMEs and export promotion offices, will identify the most common challenges that female entrepreneurs have faced when they want to export, and the best practices and initiatives to overcome these obstacles will be shared, to facilitate their successful participation in international trade. 

Additionally, this project will also generate a network between the participants, in order to advise and support each other, and to generate innovative solutions for overcoming the challenges that women entrepreneurs will face when they export their products and services. 

Furthermore, the project will seek to contribute to the ongoing work on the access of women´s SMEs to the global market within the PPWE, the SMEs Working Group and other relevant APEC fora. 

Finally, the project will also explore supporting policy-makers interested in these issues, such as member economies’ export promotion offices, so as to generate a wider international network to discuss on these topics. 

Beneficiaries:

1) Direct beneficiaries of this project: would be women´s SMEs of member economies with export potential or incipient exports, as they would obtain valuable information from experts, government agencies (export promotion officers) and peers (successful entrepreneurs). This would allow them to identify the main problems and challenges that will face and how to address them. It will also permit them to share the enthusiasm of their peers that have achieved the success that they aspire to.

For the event, considering the speakers, about 60 participants are expected. Regarding the type of participants, about the sixty percent would be from the private sector and the rest from the public sector. It is also considered the participation from other bodies.

It is also important to indicate that in the process of collecting the cases of women´s SMEs that have been able to successfully export their products and services a survey will be applied. And it will be oriented to select women that have created and founded their own companies and that have exported their products or services for a period of time. As it was mentioned, the desirable outcome is to have at least one successful case from each economy; that means there will be cases from developed and developing economies. This will give the opportunity to see the obstacles Women face in the process of export and analyze if they are similar or different. 

It would be important to mention that even though there are differences between developed and developing economies; most of the instruments that export promotion offices have, are similar in the nature and sharing experiences and good practices on the tool could contribute to improve those ones. 

2) Long-term or indirect beneficiaries: The stakeholders, including women-owned SMEs, representatives of related APEC fora (SMEWG, PPWE and ABAC) will be involved into informational exchange, and invited to the workshop. The project executors will ensure fruitful and active informational exchange among all the participants, including cross-fora cooperation on the issues related to the successful implementation of the project.

Dissemination

This Project considers the following activities to disseminate its outcomes:

1) A digital publication of the workshop that would include information regarding the obstacles and difficulties faced by women-owned SMEs, support needed and paths taken to overcome these challenges. The publication will be made through the APEC website, and will be available for distribution through the relevant government agencies’ websites.

2) A brief summary of the project’s outcomes will be presented during the first PPWE meeting, following the workshop.

3) Other relevant APEC Fora such as the CTI, SCE, SMEWG, ABAC, HRDWG will be engaged and informed on the main outcomes of the project.

4) Another way to disseminate the results shall be social media such as twitter, news releases in the websites or newspapers.

Gender

It is important to highlight that this project will be conducted by both women and men. In this regard, the work team includes men and women. Indeed, the overseers of the project are a woman and a man. Other members of the staff, that are employees of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the National Service of Women, are gender balanced. 

It is expected that participants from other APEC economies will be men and women as well. Like UN Women recalls, future policies should include men to succeed, and as it was stated before, for the organizers it is fundamental to incorporate men and women as speakers and participants for the three-day workshop. The work team will explore options for remote participation in the workshop such as streaming. 

On the content of the project itself, this project seeks to benefit women in their successful participation in global market exporting.  Furthermore, the proposer APEC economy, and participating economies expect to better understand the gaps the women face in this process.

Work Plan

1) January – February 2016: Design a survey: to collect cases of women´s SMEs that have been able to successfully export their products and services. The survey will be oriented to select women that have created and founded their own companies and that have exported their products or services for a period of time. The survey will also consider an item where the authorities could describe the instruments they have designed and implemented to support the export process. The survey will be designed by the work team and will be distributed to the co-sponsoring economies for comments. After that the work team will refine the survey considering the comments received by the economies. 

2) March – April 2016: Distribute the survey: to the APEC Economies and monitor their responses. The survey will be distributed to the PPWE and SMEWG contact points; and the embassies will help on the monitoring of the responses.

3) April – May 2016: Analysis of the survey: Collect the responses and analyze the results; so as to select the cases that meet the successful criteria, defined in the design stage. The desirable outcome is to have at least one successful case from each economy.

4) June – July 2016: Contact the speakers for the workshop: Based in the prior activity, women- owned SMEs will be invited; as well as experts and authorities from export promotion offices and or other relevant agency on this issue. The importance of its role as speakers will be explained; as well as the possibility to support other women and improve the networking. In the selection of the speakers it is important to mention that women owned SMEs will be selected considering the experience in exports, the obstacles they faced and the network they developed to overcome those obstacles. In relation with experts from export promotion offices, the experience on gender issues will be considered; as well as programs these offices have developed and implemented focused to support women in the export process. Regarding experts from relevant agencies or bodies, the experience in gender and exports will be considered as well as the experience or studies to reduce the gaps for women in international trade.

5) June – July 2016: Contact the participants: These months will be focused on detecting possible participants in the workshop. Invitations will be sent to participate in the Public-Private Workshop; not only to the eligible economies, but also to the other APEC economies. To achieve this objective, governmental authorities and embassies will be asked to support the dissemination of the importance of participating in this workshop, to enhance views in the ways the gender gap could be address for international trade. The importance of enhancing networking will also be highlighted. 

6) July – August 2016: Design the workshop: The structure of the workshop will be developed considering the list of speakers and participants obtained in the prior activity. Contributions of the co-sponsoring and participating economies will be taken into account. 

7) June – August 2016: Prepare the workshop material: this material will include the successful cases; as well as other topics that could be relevant for the discussion in the workshop. In the elaboration of this material, special attention will be given to those economies that have implemented public policies and programs to support women in this process. 

8) September 2016: Hold the Public-Private Workshop. The “Participation of women-owned SMEs in foreign trade: successful stories and best practices workshop" will be held in Chile, for women´s SMEs and entrepreneurs, as well as government agencies involved in these issues such as export promotion agencies and other public institutions. 

9) September – October 2016: Design the digital publication: The digital publication will be designed, with the collaboration of the participating economies of the workshop. Develop a final report with the outcomes of the workshop; and the recommendations if applicable. 

10) November 2016: Diffusion of the digital publication: through the APEC website as well as interested government agencies’ websites. The digital publication will be hosted in APEC website, in Chilean agencies websites such as: the Export Promotion Bureau (proChile); The General Directorate for International Economic Affairs (Direcon) and the National Service of Women (Sernam). Moreover, Chile will suggest to the co-sponsors economies to take into account the diffusion of the digital publication in a website they consider appropriate. 

11) September-December 2016: Develop a contact network: this will allow SME entrepreneurs who attended the workshop to get in touch with successful SME´s through email, telephone and videoconference. 

12) 2017 PPWE: Presentation of the workshop results in the PPWE following the workshop. The same information will be shared with the High Level Policy Dialogue on W.E.

Risks

The major risk is to not obtain a comprehensive participation in the event as is intended; the reason is the geographic location of Chile, far away from the majority of APEC economies. Nevertheless, we expect participants from co-sponsoring and other interested economies. 

To minimize this risk, all the actions will be supported by Chilean embassies and trade representatives in all APEC economies. This network will help identify and engage possible speakers and participants. To increase the probability of attaining high level speakers and participants, there will be an important support from the export promotion bureaus that have trade contacts that will motivate the participation in this project. 

The second risk that this project could tackle is the quality and number of answers for the survey. To minimize this risk a permanent monitoring to obtain answer will be taken place. This is crucial to minimize also the third risk that is the quality of speakers. Considering both risks are linked, efforts will be made to obtain high quality responses. Again, the Chilean network will play an important role, as will the co-sponsoring economies. To minimize this risk, the survey will be distributed to the PPWE and SMEWG contact points; and the embassies will help on the monitoring of the responses.

Monitoring and Evaluation

The way we envisage the evaluation is to monitor some indicators as explained below. 

A short term indicator will be the number of successful cases shown in the publication. This indicator will give information on the involvement of the economies in the project and could assess the impact. The desirable outcome is having at least one successful case from each economy. Considering that, the number of successful cases will be 21. 

The second short term indicator will be the number of women’s SMEs attending the seminar; that indicator will provide insight on the impact that awareness of successful cases can have for women facing obstacles for international trade. It is expected to have about 40 women participating in the seminar. 

The third short term indicator will be the number of participants, funded as well as non-funded. The expected outcome in terms of participation of funded economies is at least 80% and in terms of non-funded economies is at least 40%. 

The fourth short term indicator will be the number of experts and/or government participating in the workshop: considering that export promotion agencies play an important role in the internationalization process, this indicator will give information on how economies faces this challenging task through these institutions. The expected outcome is to have at least 10 experts and/or government representing export promotion agencies. 

The last short term indicator will be the survey that will be applied, related to the experiences learned at the three-day workshop, and an overall evaluation of the experience. The survey would include elements such as: level of satisfaction of each of the discussion panels in terms of knowledge acquired and transmitted as well as the level of possible implementation of lessons and recommendations of each panel within other APEC economies. 

A midterm indicator will be the number of contacts included in the contact network: This indicator will give information in the enhancement of the network that it is necessary for exports. Furthermore, the success of the workshop and the digital publication will be measured through the amount of visits the publication has, from the APEC website. The expected number of visit is about 300 in six months.

Linkages

This project will promote collaboration between the PPWE and the SMEWG, building on the current projects being implemented by the SMEWG, thus avoiding any possible duplication of efforts, as well as seeking to generate continuous work on gender gaps within APEC, exploring collaborative projects with APEC host economies in the following years. 

It is important to note that this project is in line with the work it is doing in PPWE. In fact, it considers issues addressed in the APEC Women and The Economy Dashboard 2015. The second indicator of this dashboard “Access to market” is directly related with this project and the outcomes sought. In the Dashboard it is stated that “The index on the access of domestic companies to international markets has reported an upward trend between 2008 and 2014, which is associated to an increase in trade freedoms, based on trade-weight average tariff rates and non-tariff barriers.” This project could give relevant information to better understand the obstacles the women face in the export process and to improve the access of those companies to international markets. Analyzing the obstacles and the way the women overcome them, could also address other indicators the Dashboard has. 

The International Labour Organization (ILO) has a Women’s Entrepreneurship Development programme (WED); that is focused on increasing economic opportunities for women entrepreneurs by supporting them in starting, strengthening and expanding their enterprises. WED is part of (ILO-WED) is part of the Small and Medium Enterprises Unit from ILO. This project is in line with the work ILO is doing in supporting women entrepreneurs.

The International Finance Corporation (IFC) also works on addressing the barriers women entrepreneurs face in growing their businesses. The IFC focus its efforts to improve the business enabling environment, provide access to capital through financial institutions as well as business training, market access, peer networks, and knowledge. This project is also in line with the work the IFC is doing. 

Moreover, it is important to note that in 2014, the project “Assisting Women-Owned SMEs Access the Global market” was developed. Good practices in trade promotion for women –Led SMEs were discussed. The outcomes of the project was a one-stop-shop good practices framework with six key elements: (1) communication, (2) information and resources, (3) connection, (4) support and capacity building, (5) advocacy and visibility, and (6) research and evaluation. The outcomes of that project is directly linked with the issues this project is addressing. In that regard, it would be useful to explore a direct work with the economies that led the mentioned project. 

We also plan to share the workshop’s main conclusions and discussions throughout related workshops conducted after the completion of the project, that could benefits Women-Owners SMEs. 

APEC is the best source of funds for this project because it considers a specific working group to analyze gender gaps in different areas. Moreover, this project is focused particularly in trade and how the export process could be achieved by the women tackling the barriers they face. APEC is an economic forum and works to minimize barriers to trade through collaboration, sharing best practices and experiences in developing public policies and other tools to enhance trade and development. Also, this is a unique opportunity that allows the exchange experiences of APEC economies, allowing the visualization of future best practices that the economies may implement to support women.

Sustainability

The results of the workshop will be disseminated to the APEC economies for comments and suggestions. This type of activity will help to consider views and maintain cooperation among the members. 

Chilean authorities will present the results in the PPWE after the workshop is held; looking to reinforce the work done, as well as the network. 

It is expected to obtain a fruitful discussion between women and export promotion offices to better understand the needs the women have to be incorporated in international trade. The outcome will be established in a final report that would help the economies to consider some recommendations for future actions that help women to insert their SMEs in the global market. Moreover, the outcomes from this project could be used as a basis for other future projects to continue supporting women involvement in international trade. 

After the project, it would be useful to explore further steps depending on the outcomes. At a domestic level, the outcomes will be analyzed to consider those elements that could improve the instrument the export promotion bureau has. And if appropriate, implement them. The outcomes will also be disseminated to all ProChile’s offices.

Project Overseers

Ms Angelica Romero
Head of Department of Energy, Trade and Sustainable Development, General Directorate for International Economic Affairs
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Postal address: Teatinos 180, 11th Floor, Santiago, Chile
Tel: +56-2 2827 5469 
E-mail: aromero@direcon.gob.cl
 

Brief biography of Ms. Angelica Romero: 

Chilean national, Ms. Romero is Head of the Energy, Trade and Sustainable Development Department at the General Directorate for International Economic Affairs. She represents the Government of Chile in several trade international fora, such as APEC, WTO, OECD and other regional initiatives, where she oversees a wide array of topics, such as labour issues, environmental issues and gender issues; among others. She is responsible of the Executive Secretariat that holds the gender program in the General Directorate. In her duties are establish comprehensive action plan that links different activities to promote and include gender in the work the General Directorate does. She is the technical contact point for the National Service of Women in the Pacific Alliance; and work closely to promote gender issues in that fora.

Ms. Romero graduated as Environmental Engineer in 2002, and holds a Public Administration Diploma. She is Master's degree candidate in Public Policies in the University of Chile.

Second Point of Contact:
Mr. Luciano Cuervo
Economic Advisor, APEC Department
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Postal address:  Teatinos 180, 12th Floor, Santiago, Chile

Tel:  +56 2 28275100 
E-mail:  lcuervo@direcon.gob.cl

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Not Applicable.

Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Alignment

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Beneficiaries and Outputs

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Gender

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Project Overseers

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