Project Title

APEC Public – Private Dialogue on Facilitating Infrastructure Investment to Enhance Food Security  

Project Year

2015   

Project Number

PPFS 01 2015T 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Completed Project   
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Project No.

PPFS 01 2015T 

Project Title

APEC Public – Private Dialogue on Facilitating Infrastructure Investment to Enhance Food Security  

Project Status

Completed Project 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

TILF Special Account 

Sub-fund

None 

Project Year

2015 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

99,875 

Co-funding Amount

26,546 

Total Project Value

126,421 

Sponsoring Forum

Policy Partnership on Food Security (PPFS) 

Topics

Food Security 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Viet Nam 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

China; Japan; Singapore; Chinese Taipei; Thailand 

Expected Start Date

01/09/2015 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2016 

Project Proponent Name 1

Pham Quynh Mai 

Job Title 1

Deputy Director General 

Organization 1

Multilateral Trade Policy Department, Ministry of Industry and Trade 

Postal Address 1

54 Hai Ba Trung Street, Hanoi, Viet Nam 

Telephone 1

84-4 22205522 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

MaiPQ@moit.gov.vn 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Pham Quynh Mai 

Project Summary

In response to the APEC Leaders’ priorities and commitments to facilitate infrastructure investment and the APEC Food Security Roadmap toward 2020 (version 2014) to ensure food security in the APEC region, Viet Nam proposes to hold the “APEC Public – Private Dialogue on Facilitating Infrastructure Investment to Enhance Food Security” in 2016 in Viet Nam. The “APEC Public – Private Dialogue on Facilitating Infrastructure Investment to Enhance Food Security” aims at the following objectives: (i) Identifying challenges, impediments of APEC member economies in agriculture infrastructure investment and development for sustainable agriculture to ensure food security; (ii) Exchanging, sharing experiences, best practices of APEC member economies (and non APEC member economies) in promoting agriculture infrastructure investment and development to ensure food security; (iii) Making recommendations to the PPFS and relevant APEC’s fora for further action to facilitate infrastructure investment for the sake of food security in the region;  and (iv) Exploring cooperative opportunities among APEC member economies, the public and private sectors and international organizations, institutions.

The project falls under the Rank 1 of the APEC 2015 Funding Criteria.

Relevance

Food loss, food shortages, and volatile prices as a result of conflicts, climate change effects, natural disasters, population growth, etc., that make it hard to access food for many people, especially the poor and the vulnerable have raised a serious question of food security in the APEC region in the past time. In response to the urgent need, the APEC Food Security Roadmap toward 2020 indicates that infrastructure investment in agriculture remains one of the important strategies to address the issue. Though it is not a substitute to the macro-economic policies, rural infrastructure investment helps increase food productivity through securing the supply sources, stable prices and facilitating the food supply chain without stagnation, which in turn, contributes to ensuring food security. 

As it is widely recognized that inadequate infrastructure means food insecurity, APEC have made joint big efforts to promote investment and development in agricultural infrastructure. However, those efforts are not equally efficient among APEC member economies due to challenges such as finance barriers, lack of policy, regulatory frameworks to promote infrastructure investment, lack of governments’ capacity in selecting, implementing and managing rural infrastructure investment projects, and lack of capacity/incentives to mobilize the private sector, investors in investing in agricultural infrastructure, innovation issues, etc. 

The project will focus on identifying and addressing common challenges, impediments to promote infrastructure investment and development for the sake of food security in the region through exchanging, sharing experiences, best practices in dealing with the issues from APEC and non APEC member economies. 

Since agriculture makes a substantial economic contribution to most APEC member economies, and the issues of food security and safety are of critical importance to the region, APEC should and in reality are taking the leading roles in facilitating infrastructure investment in agricultural sector including through PPP,   to benefits not only some but most of APEC member economies. 

The project falls under the Rank 1 of the APEC 2015 Funding Criteria as it directly addresses the concern of food safety and security, including implementation of the Food Security Roadmap Towards 2020, and APEC’s priority of infrastructure development and investment, including through PPP.

Objectives

APEC Public – Private Dialogue on Facilitating Infrastructure Investment to Enhance Food Security aims at the following objectives:

1) Taking the public and private sectors’ voices into consideration, identify challenges, impediments of APEC member economies in agriculture infrastructure investment and development for sustainable agriculture to ensure food security;

2) Exchanging, sharing experiences, best practices of APEC member economies (and non APEC member economies) in promoting agriculture infrastructure investment and development to ensure food security;

3) Making recommendations to the PPFS and relevant APEC fora for further action to facilitate infrastructure investment for the sake of food security in the region;

4) Exploring cooperative opportunities among APEC member economies, the public and private sectors, and international organizations, institutions.

Alignment

According to the APEC Leaders’ Declaration 2014, the APEC Leaders stressed: “We endorse the Beijing Declaration on APEC Food Security issued at the Third APEC Ministerial Meeting on Food Security. We welcome APEC Action Plan for Reducing Food Loss and Waste, the APEC Food Security Business Plan (2014-2020), and the APEC Food Security Roadmap toward 2020 (2014 version) and the Action Plan to Enhance Connectivity of APEC Food Standards and Safety Assurance. We note the G20’s work on food security in 2014. We call on APEC economies to seek common ground to build an open, inclusive, mutually-beneficial and all-win partnership for the long-term food security of the Asia-Pacific region”. 

As the project directly responds the APEC Food Security Roadmap toward 2020 (2014 version), hence it significantly contributes to promoting food security in the APEC region. 

Under the APEC Food Security Roadmap toward 2020 (version 2014), it is clearly stated that one of the paths to gain the goal of food security in the region is through the facilitation of investment and infrastructure development. It clearly says that “Low levels of public and private investment in agriculture and infrastructure can lead to low productivity and stagnation of production of many major crops in developing economies”, therefore,  identifies its goals as following: (i) Increasing public investments to agriculture; (ii) Creating an attractive business environment to encourage more private sector investments in agriculture; (iii) Sharing good practices of agricultural investments through APIP; (iv) Promoting responsible agricultural investments that contribute to food security and nutrition within the framework of the Principles for Responsible Investment in Agriculture and Food Systems which was endorsed by the UN Committee on World Food Security in October 2014; (v) Supporting investment programs aimed at strengthening food security of APEC economies within a framework of cooperation with international financial institutions (banks, funds, etc.), etc. 

This project directly responds to the APEC Food Security Roadmap toward 2020 as it addresses the issue of food security through infrastructure investment and development in agriculture in the region. 

According to Peru, the host of the APEC Year 2016, APEC food market might be also one of the APEC priorities, in which Peru will promote infrastructure and investment in food to secure sustainability and prosperity in the region. The APEC Year 2017 hosted by Viet Nam is considering to pursue food security as one of the year priorities. This project, hence, is in line with the long term APEC’s goals and priorities.

TILF/ASF Justification

This project seek fund from the TILF. It is aligned with the Osaka Action Agenda’s investment objectives through promoting a mechanism for dialogue with the APEC business community to improve the APEC investment environment, and identifying cooperation needs and organizing training programs to assist APEC economies in fulfilling APEC investment objectives. It is also in line with the APEC’s recent priority on promoting infrastructure development and investment, including through PPP infrastructure.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: Under this project, a 2 day “APEC Public – Private Dialogue on Facilitating Infrastructure Investment to Enhance Food Security” will be held to provide the platform for the participants to share, discuss related issues in promoting infrastructure investment to ensure food security in the region. The Dialogue’s Agenda will be designed to make sure it addresses the concerns of APEC’s member economies/participants; and experienced experts in the area of agriculture from the public, private sectors and academia will be selected and invited to present, aiming to bring about the most benefits to the participants. 

During the Dialogue, all the speakers and participants will have the chance to discuss and present their views on what and how APEC should do to promote infrastructure investment in agriculture (for the sake of food security) as the next steps. These recommendations will be compiled and attached to the Dialogue’s report for APEC’s consideration for further action. 

Following the completion of the Dialogue, a report will be made and circulated to all the speakers and participants as well as delivered to PPFS and other APEC relevant committees, working groups for further discussion, follow-up.

Outcomes: After the Dialogue, the participants who are governments’ officials, investors, academia involved in the agriculture/food security, especially those related to infrastructure in some aspects (policy making, implementation, doing business, research, etc.,) might have the chance to exchange what they have learnt from the Dialogue with their colleagues, bosses. The good experiences, best practices of promoting the private sector involved in the infrastructure investment in agriculture, hence, are also able to be more widespread among competent and/or authorized people in the field among APEC’s member economies. More importantly, the discussion outcomes, including recommendations on how to facilitate infrastructure investment by individual member or by APEC as a whole will  be reported back to the member economies’ governments and APEC for further consideration and action. These recommendations will also be sent to APEC’s relevant committees or working groups (IEG, PPFS, CTI) for consideration. It can also serve to provide inputs for Peru and Viet Nam, the ongoing hosts of APEC in 2016 and 2017 to build their agenda on food security as one of top priorities for APEC in recent years.

In the medium and long term, it is expected to bring about some positive changes (if needed and necessary, in appropriate situations) to the policy, regulation promulgation and implementation, business practices. This change is expected to take place gradually rather than immediately. 

Beneficiaries: The selection criteria will be set to make sure that right participants will attend and benefit most as well as be able to bring about significant changes after the Dialogue’s completion. The criteria might include, but not limited to:

1) Governments’ officials who are directly involved in the policy making and implementation processes (they can be officials, however senior officials (both related to policy making and implementing) are encouraged to attend the Dialogue. These include but not limited to officials from Ministries of Agriculture and Rural Development, Planning and Investment, Transport,  Environment, etc.;

2) Representatives from the private sector in the APEC region who are involved in the rural (infrastructure) investment (senior representatives such as managers, directors and general directors are encouraged to attend the Dialogue);

3) The Organizer will balance the participation from the public and private sectors from APEC member economies;

4) Representatives of international organizations and from academia will be invited to share knowledge and recommendations. These include but not limited to World Bank, ADB, ADBI, ICTSD, NGOs, etc; and

5) Both men and women are given the equal chance to join in the Dialogue.

By participating in the Dialogue, they will have the opportunity to listen to and exchange with speakers who are governments’ officials, experts or businessmen/investors in agriculture and food supply chain to learn the failure/success lessons and consider applying in their own economy’s, business’ circumstances if appropriate.

The participants also can raise the voice on their concerns, recommendations that might be taken into account at a proper stage.

Dissemination

The Dialogue’s report will be published on the Ministry of Industry and Trade, Viet Nam’s and APEC’s website for reference and for widespread usage and saving cost.

Hard copies will be provided to all the Dialogue's participants.  Electronic publication will also be used to disseminate the Dialogue's documents widely.  APEC's official website will be the main one to upload the documents.  Other Vietnamese Ministries' websites could also be used to disseminate the information with hyperlink to APEC website.

A press release on the Dialogue will be published on Vietnam’s media mass (Viet Nam News, Viet Nam News Agency, etc.,). It will also be sent to food associations, infrastructure/investment associations, research centers in the APEC region, etc. to attract the attention to the event to encourage people to visit the documents online.
 

The target audience includes those who are interested in, involved directly or indirectly in rural infrastructure investment, doing business or research in agriculture and food supply chain from APEC member economies and outside.

There is no intention to sell outputs arising from this project.

Gender

Gender issue is seriously taken into account by the project proponent. Women are involved in the development of this proposal and both men and women will get equal opportunity to participate in the project implementation including in the process of preparatory stage, consultation and direct labours, etc. In addition, to address gender concern and make sure that men and women are engaged efficiently in the Dialogue, the evaluation form delivered at the end of the Dialogue will include information on gender to aggregate for project assessment. 

Women participants are also encouraged to actively participate in the Dialogue when most efficient. Invitations will be sent through PPWE (Policy Partnership on Women and the Economy) to invite and draw their attention to the Dialogue.

Female leaders will be prioritized to be invited as speakers to the Dialogue. 

Regarding the overall impact of the Project, the project objectives will benefit women significantly as food security in general and infrastructure investment for food security in particular will contribute remarkably to poverty reduction and alleviation, while women remain one of the group that enjoy the benefits of as well contribute most to the objectives of poverty reduction and alleviation.

Work Plan

Time

Work

June 2015

Develop Concept Note.

Submit the Concept Note, seeking APEC funding.
 

September 2015

Develop Full Proposal. Circulate and kindly invite APEC member economies (SMEWG) to provide the QAF. Incorporate and revise the Project Proposal as advised by the QAF.
 

September – October 2015 2015

Submit to Secretariat. Incorporate comments, revise the Project Proposal as advised by the Secretariat.
 

2nd – 3rd quarter of 2016

Organize the Dialogue: 

- Develop the Agenda (The consultant will develop the Agenda; circulate the agenda for comment). As there have been a number of PPDs and other projects themed on infrastructure investment, e.g. Study on Infrastructure Investment in the APEC Region (ongoing, CTI); PPD on Promoting Infrastructure Investment through PPP (2014, IEG), PPD on Identifying and Addressing Impediments to Improve a Business-Friendly Infrastructure Investment in the APEC Region (2015, IEG), the PO will review these projects and consider their outcomes where applicable in developing the agenda. 

- Invite Speakers, participants. The Organizer will consult with cosponsoring economies to set the selection criteria to invite speakers and participants. Support with preparatory steps related to APEC’s requirements;

- Prepare the logistics for the hosting (meeting venue, employ staffs, proceed other necessary arrangements, ...)

- Organize the Dialogue;

- Report the Dialogue’s outcome to APEC and make recommendations for next steps; Circulate to all the speakers and participants before delivering to the PPFS and other relevant working groups and sub fora.

Risks

One of the risks is to ensure a selection of good speakers in order to make the most of the Dialogue. The speakers should be, but not limited to, authority officials to represent government; representatives from the private sector in agriculture (especially those related to rural infrastructure investment) to raise voice of business sector; academics, experts in agriculture from other relevant organizations, which aim to reflecting points of views from various perspectives. The Organizers will work closely with co-sponsoring economies to nominate and invite the most suitable speakers for the Dialogue.

Another concern is to choose the right participants to the Dialogue. To make sure that right participants are nominated to attend the Dialogue, the Organizers will also consult with co-sponsoring economies to set general criteria for participants. Participants should be government officials who are directly or indirectly involved in the policy making, management or implementation; academists or economic experts who have good background and experiences in agriculture/rural infrastructure investment. Business sectors are encouraged to attend the Dialogue, especially representatives from big investors. To ensure the results, invitations will be sent through different fora in APEC including CTI, ATC, IEG and ABAC. For the host economy, the Dialogue is free open to business sector including business associations; apart from officials from government and local authorities. 

Another concern is that the project might overlap with a number of projects related to PPP in infrastructure investment e.g. Study on Infrastructure Investment in the APEC Region (ongoing, CTI); PPD on Promoting Infrastructure Investment through PPP (2014, IEG), PPD on Identifying and Addressing Impediments to Improve a Business-Friendly Infrastructure Investment in the APEC Region (2015, IEG), etc. In one hand, the PO will take advantages of the outcomes to develop the agenda; on the other hand, so as to mitigate the overlapping, the agenda will be designed to meet the unique bjectives of this project that focuses on rural infrastructure investment to enhance food security.

Monitoring and Evaluation

All speakers and participants will be requested to provide feedback on the efficiency and outcomes of the Dialogue whether the objectives are met, whether the information sharing is able to bring about changes after its completion and how. 

The speakers and participants will be requested to provide feedback by filling in the evaluation form, delivered at the end of the Dialogue. 

The following information will be collected to measure/assess progress and impact: 

1) The first indicator to be used is to assess whether the Dialogue meets its set objectives. This can be assessed comparing what participants gain from the Dialogue (using evaluation form) and whether the Dialogue is able to produce practical recommendations to be submitted to relevant APEC committees/WGs/fora.

2) The second indicator can be whether the Dialogue has accommodated right participants and whether there have  been representatives of  both the public and private sectors. It is expected to balance the public and private representatives in the range of 50 – 50 or at least 40 – 60.

3) The third indicator can be the quality of speakers; this can be assessed by compiling comments of participants in the evaluation forms. 

4) The forth indicator relates to gender issue: How many female participants can attend and learn knowledge/experiences at the Dialogue and how many female speakers can come and share their expertise and experiences. It is expected to accommodate from 30% to 40% of female participants to attend the Dialogue.

5) The fifth one is communication indicator in order to know how widely the Dialogue’s materials will be disseminated to interested groups in APEC: it is planned that presentations and documents of the Dialogue will be made available via the APEC Meeting Document Database. The Project’s Report will be presented to PPFS, CTI, ATC, IEG, and ABAC for consideration.

6) The sixth indicator will assess the possibility of recommendation implementation.

Linkages

PPFS will be the group which oversees this Project and will be responsible for disseminating information about the Dialogue to APEC member economies. The outcomes of the Dialogue will be submitted to PPFS for consideration and further action. 

ATC (Agricultural Technical Cooperation Working Group), CTI and IEGWG will be consulted during the implementation of the projects (for example, ATC, CTI, IEGWG can give advice on inviting potential speakers and participants; attending the Dialogue). The outcomes of the Dialogue will be submitted to PPFS, CTI, IEGWG and ATC for further follow-up activities if necessary. 

ABAC will also be informed of the Dialogue and invitation will also be sent out to ABAC contact points in APEC members. 

Other international organizations such as ADB, WB, OECD, ICTSD will also be invited as guest speakers and/or participants to the Workshop to raise their experiences in facilitating rural infrastructure investment to enhance food security.

So far, some APEC projects have touched upon various aspects of food security and infrastructure investment separately, however, just very few focus on rural infrastructure investment to enhance food security. This project will take into account the rural infrastructure investment for the ultimate goal of food security in the region.

APEC remains the best platform to raise the issue of facilitating rural infrastructure investment to enhance food security. As the most dynamic and fast developing region in the world, essential needs for food security, APEC should pioneer in sharing experiences in tackling challenges and promoting infrastructure investment to enhance food security, for the sake of long term growth and sustainability.

Sustainability

Following the Dialogue, participants are expected to have a deep understanding of current status, challenges and potentials of rural infrastructure investment for food security in the region. It also provides the opportunity for the participants to share, discuss experiences in promoting the private sector in rural infrastructure investment. In particular, the participants from the public sector might be able to consider, compare, analyze and recommend to the policy makers how to improve the regulations to promote rural infrastructure investment for the ultimate goal of food security. For those from the private sector, it is a good opportunity to raise their voice in the issues, in turn, to be reflected accordingly in the policies, regulations. 

To make sure that the Dialogue meets its objectives, the organizer will seek approval from PPFS for the recommendations in particular and the report in general.  Based on the recommendations from member economies, the organizer will consider proposing new activities/initiatives to follow up the outcome of the project. The PO will take the responsibility to report the outcomes to PPFS, IEG, CTI and call for further discussion and action as well as follow up with the outcomes. 

The Organizer also considers proposing the phase 2 of the project based on the participants’ recommendations. The networking will be used to review the implementation of recommendations.

Project Overseers

Ms. Pham Quynh Mai
Viet Nam SOM to APEC
Deputy Director General
Multilateral Trade Policy Department
Ministry of Industry and Trade
Viet Nam

Address: 54 Hai Ba Trung Street, Hoan Kiem District, Ha Noi, Viet Nam

Tel: (84-4) 2220 5522
Email: MAIPQ@MOIT.GOV.VN

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

The Project Overseer seeks APEC funding to support 8 speakers in total for the 2-day Dialogue. 

Consultant: will work with speakers and discussants in drafting, revising and finalizing agenda; conduct researches, collect, analyze and synthesize data; develop curriculum for the Dialoguer; take notes; develop and finalize the report of the Dialogue with recommendations; work as a coordinator in all substantive matters (245 hours total), seek APEC Funding. 

Short-term staffs (clerks): will handle logistics arrangements for the organization of the Dialogue (585 hours total – 3 staffs), seek APEC Funding.

Waivers

Waiver

Justification

Waiver for advance payment

Travel airfare, per diem for speakers, active participants – to encourage participation in the project as many speakers and participants are not able to attend the Dialogue because of reimbursement.
 

Simultaneous interpretation

The Project Overseer seeks APEC funding to cover the fees of simultaneous interpretation for the Dialogue. Simultaneous interpretation is very important for this project as many Vietnamese are experts in the area, however, not many of them are English fluent.  The Organizer will prioritize to invite Vietnamese speakers with good command of English but can not guarantee. The waiver is just for speakers who are not fluent in English speaking.
 

Waiver is seeked to invite 8 speaker to the Dialogue

PO requests for funding of 8 speakers (2) for both days. In order to make this project a success, the PO strongly believes that experts from public and academic sectors should be invited to share their studies’ outputs and experiences relating to rural infrastructure investment and food security. Their inputs will still be required during the last session that will include discussions of the participating APEC economies on recommendations of the Dialogue to the PPFS.

The number of speakers if reaches 8 will be discussed and decided by the PD based on case by case.  The PO will provide justication for the PD’s decision.

Waiver is seeked to invite 2nd and 3rd participants in case that some economies nominate no delegates.

In order to make this project a success and most efficient, both in term of the outcome and cost, the PO strongly believe that in case some member economies nominate no one as eligible for, the 2nd or 3rd participants from eligible economies should be granted the chance to participate in. This guarantees that 11 APEC funded participants will contribute significantly to the Dialogue’s objectives and outcomes while the budget is still in the range. The 2nd and 3rd participants will be on the basis of “first come, first serve”.

The PO will note the following:

-  Undertake a fair and transparent process and to work closely with the Program Director to ensure this process is undertaken during implementation:-

a)   PO will make all efforts to contact and seek nominations for participation from economies that have not responded by a given deadline;

b)   If no response by given deadline, open the available slot to all travel-eligible economies on a first-come basis, and not just to those who had expressed interest in sending more;

c)  Funding of additional third participant should not be based on the availability of the funds alone but preferably on the merit of the project and contribution the additional participant will bring to the seminar; an

d)  Not more than 22 participants are to be funded by APEC, and be within the approved travel budget.
 

Notes:
1)  The 11 selected participants are from 11 economies, including Viet Nam. Each member economy will nominate 1 participants eligible for APEC travel funding.

2) This will be decided by the Program Director based on our justification.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Version HistoryVersion History

Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
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