Project Title

Best Practices for Developing the Green Energy Smart Farm in the APEC Region 

Project Year

2015   

Project Number

EWG 23 2015A 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

EWG 23 2015A 

Project Title

Best Practices for Developing the Green Energy Smart Farm in the APEC Region 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: Energy Efficiency 

Project Year

2015 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

50,000 

Co-funding Amount

60,000 

Total Project Value

110,000 

Sponsoring Forum

Energy Working Group (EWG) 

Topics

Energy 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Chinese Taipei 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

China; Korea; Thailand; United States 

Expected Start Date

01/12/2015 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2016 

Project Proponent Name 1

Su Jin-Sheng 

Job Title 1

Division Director 

Organization 1

Bureau of Energy, Ministry of Economic Affairs 

Postal Address 1

 13F, No. 2, Fusing N. Rd., Jhongshan District, Taipei City 104 

Telephone 1

886-2 27757770 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

jssu@moeaboe.gov.tw   

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Su Jin-Sheng 

Project Summary

Most farms especially in APEC’s developing economies are located in the remote rural areas, and are difficult to connect the centralized power grid. To cope with this difficult situation, a standalone distributed power system employed renewable energy can assist the farms in access to the modern and clean energy. Therefore, the objectives of this project are to assess and demonstrate the deployment of the distributed renewable energy in the farms including solar PV and biomass energy derived from the agricultural waste for the APEC region. The ESCO (energy service company) model, a financial mechanism, introduced to provide the economic benefits to farmers is also evaluated. This project will include a report and a workshop to deliver the outcome which can help APEC’s developing economies to build up the green energy smart farms with access to the renewable energy, and also to meet the APEC’s green growth goals.

Relevance

In 2012, the APEC Leaders’ Declaration unveiled that APEC energy security should be strengthened to develop cleaner energy sources for sustainable development. Recently, Energy Ministers at APEC Energy Ministerial Meeting (EMM11) in 2014 reaffirmed the UN’s 2011 “Sustainable Energy for All” (SE4All) initiative (i.e., ensuring universal access to modern energy services, doubling the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency, and doubling the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix), and instructed the Energy Working Group (EWG) through the Expert Group on New and Renewable Energy Technologies (EGNRET) to develop the road map for the aspirational goal of doubling the share of renewables in the APEC energy mix. Later, the APEC Leaders have endorsed the Energy Ministers’ aspirational goal to double the share of renewables including in power generation by 2030 in APEC’s energy mix shown in 2014 APEC Leaders’ Declaration. To attain this goal, the EGNRET will support R&D, innovation and commercialization of clean energy technologies and to promote practical cooperation on renewable technologies, equipment and services among member economies.                                  

Currently in APEC’s developing economies, most farms are located in the remote rural areas, and are difficult to connect the centralized power grid for access to the modern and clean energy. These farmers and their family rely on burning traditional biomass fuels directly for cooking, heating, studying, etc. breathing in toxic smoke. Only introducing the modern and clean energy can relieve them from the time-consuming drudgery to improve their living conditions. Thus, in order to cope with this difficult situation, deployment of the small-scale standalone distributed power system employed renewable energy with the appropriate financial mechanism can assist the farmers and their family in access to the modern and clean energy.

Therefore, this project aims to demonstrate a best practical model for developing the green energy smart farm with the small-scale distributed renewable energy system. This project falls under “Rank 2”, because it directly supports the APEC Leaders’ Sustainable Growth Strategy. This project is to help APEC’s developing economies to develop the green energy smart farms with access to the distributed renewable energy. Therefore, this project addresses the Rank 2 Criteria as it will help to promote renewable energy, energy efficiency, energy security, and energy resiliency including the development of low carbon technology and alternative energy sources. This project also falls under “Rank 1”, because the project will help to build up the green energy smart farms in APEC’s developing economies, and it addresses the following Rank 1 criteria: Building sustainable and resilient communities.

Objectives

The objectives of this project are listed as follows:                                                                                        

1) Assess and demonstrate the small-scale distributed renewable energy in the farms including solar PV and advanced biomass energy derived from the agricultural waste for the APEC region;

2) Introduce the PV-ESCO (energy service company) model, a financial mechanism to provide the economic benefits to farmers directly in the APEC regions; and

3)   Help APEC’s developing economies to build up the green energy smart farms with access to the renewable energy, and also assist the farmers and their family in reducing the poverty.

Alignment

In 2014 APEC Leaders’ Declaration, the APEC Leaders endorsed the Energy Ministers’ aspirational goal to double the share of renewables including in power generation by 2030 in APEC’s energy mix. Therefore, this project aligns with APEC’s goal to double the use of renewable energy sources by 2030, and also meets the APEC green growth goal in support of energy-smart low-carbon communities, and to incorporate low-emissions development strategies into APEC’s economic growth plans towards progressing cleaner energy sources for sustainable development. 

In addition, according to EWG’s Proposed Work Plan for 2015, this project aligns with EWG’s goal to accelerate efforts on renewable energy to help meet the new aspirational goal to double the share of renewable energy in APEC’s energy mix by 2030 over a 2010 baseline. Moreover, this project’s objectives also meet the goal in recent EWG’s Five-Year Strategic Plan to develop effective policy recommendations for addressing impediments to the increased use of renewable energy technologies and for including in domestic energy plans.

TILF/ASF Justification

Currently in APEC’s developing economies, most farms are located in the remote rural areas, and are difficult to connect the centralized power grid for access to the modern and clean energy. On the other hand, establishing a medium-to-large-scale renewable energy distributed generation system still involves demand response (DR), transmission, distribution network and energy storage components with higher installation cost. To cope with this difficult situation, deploying the small-scale standalone distributed power system employed renewable energy can assist the farmers and their family in access to the modern and clean energy in APEC’s developing economies. 

Therefore, this project will build up a best practice model to deploying the small-scale standalone distributed power system for farm families (owners / users) engaged the PV-ESCO system and the standalone biomass gasification power system to benefit farm families directly in APEC’s developing economies. After installing an appropriate financial mechanism (e.g., PV-ESCO), while the farm families participate the best practice model built up by this project, they can access the modern and clean energy, and improve their living conditions.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: This project aims to demonstrate a best practical model for developing the green energy smart farm with the small-scale standalone distributed renewable energy system, and also introduce an ESCO financial mechanism to benefit the farmers’ family directly in the APEC Region, especially in APEC’s developing economies. The outputs of this project will include: 

1) Workshop: A workshop of the best practice and experience exchange will be conducted alongside a demonstration site visit to focus on the preliminary findings in light of the desired outcomes. It offers an opportunity to assess the validity of the preliminary findings, and provide the check, peer reviews and consultations, and also receive the feedback for further revised actions. The workshop will be held in conjunction with an EGNRET meeting (e.g., EGNRET 46) in early 2016, and the PO will ensure that most representatives from APEC economies participate the workshop. 

2)  Project Report: The final project report will be produced highlighting the recommendations with suggested roadmap to develop the green energy smart farm with the small-scale standalone distributed renewable energy system, and the ESCO financial mechanism in the APEC region. The main contents of this report will include introduction to standalone distributed renewable energy system and installation, APEC legislative and policy framework, ESCO financial mechanism, research and technical development (RTD), challenges and barriers, deployment roadmap, recommendations, etc. 

3) Guidebook: A Guidebook will be published to provide all useful information and knowledge about building a green energy smart farm including the type and definition of renewable energy, constructing a small-scale standalone distributed renewable energy system, ESCO financial mechanism, APEC economies’ legislative, policy framework, and incentives of renewable energy, etc. This Guidebook will be uploaded to the EGNRET’s website, and also be delivered to the farmers who request support to build up a green energy smart farm. 

4) Demonstration Site: A small demonstration site (test base) will be established in an experimental farm in Chinese Taipei to conduct project experiments and show the best practice model for developing the green energy smart farm in the APEC region

Outcomes: Before the medium-term, the outcomes are expected to achieve including: 

1) All APEC Economies’ existing legislative and policy frameworks for building a green energy smart farm will be categorized and reviewed. A preliminary guidance on building a green energy smart farm according to the existing renewable energy legislative system will be presented as well. The outcomes will be reported to EGNRET 46 meeting and the workshop. It will provide the EGNRET’s participants more inspirations to guide their government to revise and improve the policy for developing the green energy smart farm. 

2) It can be found that few APEC Economies still lack renewable energy financial mechanism. The review and case studies of the existing PV-ESCO and related financial mechanisms from APEC’s developed economies in this project may provide other economies the learning model including financial mechanisms, such as FIT (feed‐in tariff) or RPS (renewable portfolio standards). It may also accelerate building their own renewable energy financial mechanisms. 

A small demonstration site (test base) will be established by the medium-term. A site visit arranged at the workshop can show the feasibility to develop a green energy smart farm. The preliminary results based on data and technology information (incl. survey) collection form the test base would also lead the private sector (product and service providers) to develop appropriate renewable energy technologies, products and business models for applications to the green energy smart farm.

Beneficiaries: This project aims to demonstrate a best practical model for developing the green energy smart farm with the small-scale standalone distributed renewable energy system, and also introducing an ESCO financial mechanism to benefit the farmers’ family in the APEC Region.

A successful green energy smart farm demonstration can assist the APEC stakeholders in making new renewable energy policy and financial mechanisms, and also assist the private sector (product and service providers) in developing appropriate renewable energy products and business models for applying the new renewable energy policy and financial mechanisms mentioned above.

Especially for farm families, conducting this project with success can assist they in access to the modern and clean energy for relieving them from the time-consuming drudgery to improve their living conditions. Therefore, the project outcome will benefit the farmers and their family who live in APEC’s developing economies, but also can be applied to modern farms in APEC’s developed economies to increase the use of renewable energy. Non-APEC economies, such as India and Africa with farms in remote non-grid connected rural areas may also have high interests in building up the green energy smart farm.

Except delegates from the APEC fora, the participants from government ministries of energy and agriculture, solar and biomass energy industry companies, renewable energy consulting firms and research institutes, universities on developing renewable energy and rural planning, farmers’ associations and cooperatives, and related NGOs in the APEC region will be invited to attend the Workshop. For non-APEC stakeholders, representatives from Indian and African embassies and consulates in Chinese Taipei will be also invited to participate in the Workshop. Thus, beneficiaries and stakeholders will include farmers’ families, project participants, APEC policy makers, the private sector, research institutions, universities and government entities, such as energy and agriculture agencies.

Moreover, APEC Economies will also benefit from the reduction of fossil fuel related the environmental emissions and their related impact on human health and welfare.

Dissemination

As mentioned above, the target audiences of this project will come from private sectors (renewable energy product and service providers, ESCOs, etc.), farmers’ associations and cooperatives, research institutions, universities and government entities in the APEC region. In addition, non-APEC economies, such as India and Africa with farms in remote non-grid connected rural areas will also be the target audiences. They may have high interests in building up the green energy smart farm. 

The final project report is planned for dissemination publicly before June 2017 after review by EGNRET Representatives at EGNRET 48 meeting, and reporting to EWG 53 meeting. The final version of the project report will be uploaded to the EGNRET’s website, and the APEC Project Database (PDB) website. The workshop presentation files will also be uploaded to the EGNRET’s workshop website for sharing with audiences who cannot attend the workshop. Notification will be delivered to through EGNRET’s mailing list including EWG and EGNRET members, and Economies’ energy agencies. 

A Guidebook in English provided all useful information and knowledge about building a green energy smart farm will be unveiled at EGNRET 47 Meeting. The electronic Guidebook will be uploaded to the EGNRET’s website, and some Chinese hardcopies will also be delivered to the farmers in Chinese Taipei who request support to build up a green energy smart farm. A project website including downloading the Guidebook will be established at the EGNRET’s website after project completion. Notification will also be delivered to through EGNRET’s mailing list including EWG and EGNRET members, and Economies’ energy agencies to promote the Guidebook to the farmers in APEC Economies. Although the first edition Guidebook will be published in English and Chinese, the EGNRET Representatives are encouraged to translate the English Guidebook into their languages, and publish it at EGNRET’s website for download in the near future. 

In addition, after the project is completed, the established small demonstration site (test base) will be maintained to provide more researchers for conducting experiments and for follow-up actions, and to offer the site visits as a best practice model farm. Moreover, the site will also be maintained as an Environmental Education Venue according to Chinese Taipei’s Environmental Education Act.

Gender

Currently around half Representatives at APEC EGNRET are females, so both male and female Representatives will help guide and implement the project, and also participate the Workshop alongside the EGNRET 46 or 47 meeting. Female experts from private sectors, research institutions, universities and government entities will be invited as the Workshop speakers. 

In addition, in APEC’s developing economies, most women provide a substantial part of the work on family farms, and are leaders in family farming for enhancing agricultural and rural development, improving food security, and managing their the property. Therefore, this project aiming to demonstrate a best practical model for developing the green energy smart farm with the small-scale distributed renewable energy system can assist the women in enhancing their farm’s wealth through energy conservation by conducting PV-ESCO and small-scale modern agricultural-based biomass power generation (i.e., small mobile biomass gasifiers) systems. To achieve the objectives of this project, female participants from farmers’ associations and cooperatives are invited to attend the Workshop to disseminate the project output. A small training and demonstration course of building a green farm will be held cooperated with Chinese Taipei’s local farmers’ associations for female farmers. The experience of training procedure and the results will be incorporated with the final report to give a demonstration to APEC developing Economies for future learning and actions. 

Also, female farmers always rely on burning traditional biomass fuels directly for cooking, heating, etc. breathing in toxic smoke. Thus, introducing the modern and clean energy can relieve them from the time-consuming drudgery to improve their living conditions.

Work Plan

The project will be carried out in the following 6 stages:   

Stage

Period

Workplan

1

2  months

(Dec 2015-Jan 2016)

Developing RFP for consultant report, and form the research team.

The Terms of Reference (TOR) for the consultant’s work will be approved by APEC EGNRET to ensure the efficient delivery of the outputs.

2

3 months

(Feb-Apr 2016)

Selecting the small demonstration site (test base).

The demonstration site will be established within 3 months with facilities. The APEC financial mechanisms will be collected, reviewed, and analysed at this stage as well.

3

2 months

(May-Jun 2016)

Conducting a workshop and the demonstration site visit alongside EGNRET 46 meeting to discuss the project direction and collect the information.

Developing the roadmap and the ESCO model based on the experimental data acquired from the demonstration site to demonstrate the green energy smart farm, and it will be reported at the workshop to receive the feedback for further revision.

4

3 months

(Jul-Sep 2016)

Publishing the draft Guidebook for developing the green energy smart farm.

The contents of this Guidebook will include the type and definition of renewable energy, constructing a small-scale standalone distributed renewable energy system, ESCO financial mechanism, APEC economies’ legislative, policy framework, and incentives of renewable energy, etc.

5

2 months

(Oct-Nov 2016)

Conducting a small seminar to deliver and presented the first draft consultant report for reviewing by EGNRET representatives at EGNRET 47, and receive the feedback for further revision. The report will be uploaded to EGNRET’s website for consultation.

A best practical model will be established with the first edition Guidebook.

The PO will ensure that the consultant worked with the APEC developing economies to confirm that the report is appropriately demand driven.

6

1 month

(Dec 2016)

Completing the final report, and delivering to EGNRET representatives. All project report and documents will be uploaded to EGNRET’s website.

The outcomes will be presented at upcoming EGNRET 48 and EWG 53 meetings for follow-up actions.


Risks

The main risk is establishing a small demonstration site (test base) for further project implementation. The location, facilities, and cost of the test base would be sensitive to this project. To manage the risk, experimental farms affiliated with the universities in Chinese Taipei would be the alternative option. 

The different financial mechanisms in the APEC region may be the other risk for carrying out the project. To manage the risk, more reviews and data collection for APEC financial mechanisms will be enhanced. A unite ESCO model may not applicable to all APEC Economies. As per current renewable energy financial mechanisms in the APEC Region, FIT and RPS are two common mechanisms employed in most APEC Economies. Several models will be designed in this project  for different applications to the specific APEC Economies. For APEC Economies without any renewable energy financial mechanism, another model based on the incentive will be designed as well in this project. 

To reduce the risk for conducting a PV-ESCO case, an assessment check list (in the Guidebook) can be provided for evaluating the feasibility of the case. A win-win model will be that the ESCO companies offer technology and expenditure, and farm families provide roofs or sites to install the PV system and receive the rental from ESCO companies.

Monitoring and Evaluation

PO will submit project monitoring progress checking monthly with experts, checking milestones based on workplan, accessing deliverable stage quality assessment, project implementation progress report, mid-term report, and final report. After the project is completed, the final project report will be sent to EGNRET Representatives for comments and suggestion. 

Several indicators are arranged to assess the project achievements including:

1)  At least 11 APEC economies are expected to be present at the workshop. The participating organizations and agencies and the seniority or appropriateness of representation from each. It is expected that around 100 participants will be attending the workshop, and one-thirds of the attendees are female. Also, the participant evaluation forms will be used to assess the impact of the workshop; 

2)  The development of the roadmap to demonstrate the green energy smart farms with the small-scale standalone distributed renewable energy system delivered at EGNRET 46 meeting to receive the feedback for further revision; 

3) The construction of the ESCO financial mechanism and model to identify the economic feasibility delivered at EGNRET 46 meeting to receive the feedback for further revision; and 

4) The content and quality of the draft final report, and the Guidebook delivered at EGNRET 47 meeting to receive the feedback for follow-up actions. It is expected that the Guidebook and report downloads are more than 500 within 3 months after project completion. 

In addition, it is estimated that half EGNRET Representatives are female, and their  will participate in EGNRET to help guide and implement the project. Moreover, introducing distributed renewable energy to relieve women in the farms from the time-consuming drudgery to improve their living conditions will be assessed as an important indicator.

Linkages

This project will have linkages between the Energy Working Group (EWG), the Agricultural Technical Cooperation Working Group (ATCWG), and the Policy Partnership on Food Security (PPFS) to enhance contributions of the use of renewable energy and the improvement of famers’ living conditions to the region's economic growth and social well-being. The financing aspects of this project may also be of interest to the Small and Medium Enterprises Working Group (SMEWG) and the Finance Minister's Process (FMP). The objectives of this project also meet the vision of UN’s “Sustainable Energy for All” (SE4All) initiative, and the mission goal of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) to supports developing economies in their transition to a sustainable energy future. In addition, non-APEC economies, such as India and Africa with farms in remote non-grid connected rural areas may also have high interests in building up the green energy smart farm. 

Currently most developing distributed generation system projects focused on the medium-to-large-scale PV system, and the most farmers (users) were excluded from the projects including the financial mechanisms. Moreover, agricultural-based biomass produced from the farm was always neglected for further utilization. Therefore, this project will build up a best practice model to deploying the small-scale standalone distributed power system for farm families (owners / users) engaged the PV-ESCO system and the standalone biomass gasification power system to benefit farm families directly. In addition, a demonstration site (test base) in a farm will be built by this project in Chinese Taipei to show best practice model of a green smart farm. 

Therefore, APEC is the best source for funding to develop a best practice model of the green energy smart farm in the APEC region, especially in developing economies. In addition, APEC’s developed economies have resources, technical expertise and network in developing the roadmap, technologies and implementation process. These resources are instrumental to this project, and can assist the farmers and their family in access to the modern and clean energy.

Sustainability

The project output will outline a number of recommendations aimed at developing the green energy smart farm in the APEC Region. This will in turn provide opportunities to enhance renewable energy boom, and reduce cost of compliance. It will meet the APEC aspirational goal to double the share of renewables including in power generation by 2030 in APEC’s energy mix shown in 2014 APEC Leaders’ Declaration.

The project workshop sharing experiences of successful adoption of small-scale standalone distributed power system for farm families (owners / users) engaged the PV-ESCO system and the standalone biomass gasification power system to benefit farm families directly will lead to the further development of modern renewable energy in the APEC region, and will help APEC developing economies to ensure universal access to modern energy services represented in the UN’s “Sustainable Energy for All” (SE4All) initiative.

All the project documents including workshop presentation files, the Guidebook for building the green energy smart farm, and the project final report will be uploaded to the EGNRET’s website for free access. Especially the Guidebook will be disseminated within the farm families to encourage themselves to build up the green energy smart farm for accessing to the modern and clean energy, and improving their living conditions. The EGNRET and EWG members will assist in delivering the Guidebook to the farm families. The workshop participants form government ministries of energy and agriculture are requested to deliver the Guidebook to the farm families. As mentioned above, the EGNRET Representatives are encouraged to translate the English Guidebook into their languages. The sustainable rural communities can be formed in the APEC region. This project will also report the follow-up work to the other appropriate APEC forums one more way to ensure the sustainability.

In addition, this project outcome will lead to the increased utilization of renewable energy and the decreased utilization of fossil fuels. APEC Economies will benefit from the reduction of fossil fuel related the environmental emissions and their related impact on human health and welfare. It will also be possible to achieve the APEC’s green growth goals. 

As mentioned above, after the project is completed, the established small demonstration site (test base) will be maintained to provide more researchers for conducting experiments and for follow-up actions, and to offer the site visits as a best practice model farm. Moreover, the site will also be maintained as an Environmental Education Venue according to Chinese Taipei’s Environmental Education Act. The application of the Environmental Education Venue will be conducted by a follow-up self-funded project.

Project Overseers

The Project Overseers is Mr. Jin-Sheng Su, the Director of Energy Technology Division, Bureau of Energy, Ministry of Economic Affairs, Chinese Taipei. The main point of contact responsible for this project is Dr. Chung-Hsien Chen, the Chief of Renewable Energy Section at Energy Technology Division in the same organization. Dr. Chen is also the Chinese Taipei’s Representative to APEC EGNRET, and the Chair of EGNRET. 

Mr. Su has expertise background in electrical engineering and international studies. His working experiences include responsibilities for the formulating renewable energy policies and related regulations, promoting renewable energy utilization including “Thousand Wind Turbines” and “Million Solar Rooftop PVs Promotion” programmes in Chinese Taipei, expanding the R&D of new and renewable energy technologies to support the development of green energy industry, and developing advanced clean energy technologies.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Not Applicable.

Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Version HistoryVersion History

Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
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