Project Title

Promotion of Regional Economic Integration by Developing APEC Gateway Port Connectivity 

Project Year

2015   

Project Number

TPT 01 2015A 

Project Session

Session 1   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Completed Project   
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Project No.

TPT 01 2015A 

Project Title

Promotion of Regional Economic Integration by Developing APEC Gateway Port Connectivity 

Project Status

Completed Project 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: General Fund 

Project Year

2015 

Project Session

Session 1 

APEC Funding

150,000 

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

150,000 

Sponsoring Forum

Transportation Working Group (TPTWG) 

Topics

Transportation 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Canada 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Australia; China; New Zealand; Papua New Guinea; Russia; Singapore; Chinese Taipei; Thailand; United States; Viet Nam 

Expected Start Date

01/08/2015 

Expected Completion Date

31/05/2016 

Project Proponent Name 1

Thomas Kwan 

Job Title 1

Acting Regional Director, Coordination and Policy 

Organization 1

Transport Canada, Pacific Region 

Postal Address 1

#1100-800 Burrard Street, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada 

Telephone 1

1-604 6665336 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

Not Applicable 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Thomas Kwan 

Project Summary

In response to the APEC Leaders statement of prioritizing the promotion of regional connectivity for coordinated development in the APEC region, Canada is proposing this study to develop policy and strategy recommendations for promoting Gateway Ports Connectivity in the APEC region. Gateway Ports Connectivity refers to connections between regional seaports, and between seaports and their hinterland area.   

The study will clearly define what is a Gateway Port, identify the current state of Gateway Port Connectivity in the APEC region, and review best practices around the world.  Key focus areas are port connectivity development trends, intermodal connections to hinterland areas and connectivity performance indicators.  Two workshops are being proposed to solicit input, share best practices and recommend policy and strategy to promote Gateway Port Connectivity.  All research findings and recommendations will be documented and shared widely among APEC economies and public and private port stakeholders.

Relevance

Relevance – Benefits to region: The APEC region is one of the most active regions in terms of economic growth, which can be evidenced by the dominance of APEC ports in the world’s top 20 container ports in 2013 where 16 of the 20 largest container ports are located in the APEC region. Despite these figures and capacity, annual shipping volume in the trans-pacific route increased by just 0.4 per cent in 2013.

The APEC Gateway seaports and its network of intermodal connections to the hinterland are the critical nodes of the overall intermodal supply chain network.  Any improvements in accessibility, capacity, connectivity, and efficiency at Gateway ports will increase overall competitiveness and advance the seamless coordination of regional supply chains in the APEC region and then promote regional economic integration

This study will analyze the common characteristics, development trends, challenges, prime motivators, and best practices of promoting connectivity between Gateway ports along the trade corridors and intermodal connectivity between ports and the hinterland.  This study will also provide APEC economies and decision-makers from private and public port authorities and operators with policies and recommendations to facilitate maritime trade and improve regional economic integration.

Relevance – Rank: This study falls in Rank 1 for projects that specifically and significantly contribute to promoting regional economic integration via free and open trade and investment.  Specifically, this project is related to supply chain connectivity and performance improvements.   A strong network of gateway ports and their connection to the hinterland will improve maritime trade growth and the overall competitiveness and seamless coordination of the regional supply chain in the APEC region.

Objectives

1) Increase APEC economies' understanding and awareness of Gateway ports in the APEC region to better appreciate Gateway ports' function and importance in promoting economic integration;

2) Review and share best practice on the development trend of Gateway ports;

3) Identify key success factors and challenges that influence and enhance Gateway port connectivity;

4) Develop an indicator to monitor level of Gateway port connectivity; and,

5) Provide technical and policy recommendations on Gateway port development.

Alignment

By promoting the concept and sharing best practices of Gateway Port Connectivity and how it improve regional economic integration, this study will directly contribute to the following statements and instructions provided by APEC Leaders and Ministers in various communications.

-  At the May 2015 Meeting of APEC Ministers Responsible for Trade in Boracay, the Philippines, the APEC Ministers Responsible for Trade reiterated the priority area in Enhancing the Regional Economic Integration Agenda by promoting supply chain connectivity.

-  Align with one of the 2015 APEC priorities "Enhancing the Regional Economic Integration Agenda" set by the host Philippine and also agreed upon at the 2015 APEC First Senior Officials Meeting from January 26 to February 7, 2015 at Clark and Subic Freeport Zones in the Philippine.

- Directly address Chock Point 1, 2, and 6 of APEC’s Supply Chain Connectivity Framework.

This study also addressed the Ministerial Joint Statement issued at the 8th APEC Transportation Ministerial Meeting in Tokyo, 4-6 September 2013, which reiterated their intention on promoting connectivity by recommending policy to improve gateway port connectivity.  The study is also aligned with the Transportation Working Group 2015 Strategic Plan on improving supply chain connectivity.  The Maritime Experts Group is also supportive of this proposed study.

TILF/ASF Justification

This study has been approved in principle for funding under the APEC Support Fund.  The study is focus on the establishment of Gateway port and how it will promote regional economic integration.

All APEC economies and developing economies in particular will be invited to participate in a workshop planned as part of this project, to engage in discussions of Gateway port development, practical indicator to monitor Gateway port connectivity, and technical and policy recommendations.  As most APEC developing economies are dependent on marine transportation and intermodal connection to enable trade, the study will enable policy makers and private industry from these economies to benefit from the outreach and review of Gateway port development.  The workshop and study results will help improve knowledge and capacity of APEC developing economies in the maritime and intermodal transportation sectors.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: The outputs of the project include a workshop and a final report and research paper with technical and policy recommendation on Gateway Port development in APEC economies.  The development of a Gateway Port Connectivity indicator for the APEC region will be included in the final report as well.

a) Workshop: the Project Overseer, in collaboration with the consultant, will organize a Workshop in Singapore on the margins of the Transportation Working Group TPTWG- 43 meeting in summer 2016 as a standalone event. The draft final report with the technical and policy recommendation will be presented at the Workshop, along with the presentation on the recommended Gateway port connectivity indicator.  The workshop will be 2 day long and will include a technical tour of the Port of Singapore.  The technical tour is an essential component of the workshop to visually demonstrate to the workshop participants the scale and importance of the gateway terminal development in one of the busiest port terminal around the world.

b) Final Report and Research Paper: All study findings, including the best practices and list of technical and policy recommendations in promoting Gateway ports connectivity and development, will be summarized in the final report.  The documents will be available in publications and online on the APEC TPT-WG website.  A research paper will also be developed to capture the study objectives, findings and recommendation that can be submitted for presentation at other technical conference and research journal and publication, such as Transportation Research Board, Journal of Commerce, World Cargo News, or PortStrategy.

Outcomes: The desire outcome of the study and the workshop is to raise awareness of the importance of Gateway port among the APEC economies decision makers and private industry port and intermodal stakeholders.  The study intends to point out there are advantages and challenges of establishing a Gateway port and that each economy do not necessary need to have a Gateway port.

The study result and knowledge gained could allow policy makers and business investors to realize there may be greater benefit to encourage discussion among neighboring economies and port terminals to collaborate on establishing a Gateway port for specific APEC region.

The final desire outcome of the study is to ensure the development of the Gateway port connectivity indicator that can provide a useful tool for policy makers and business investors to track and monitor the performance on the development of Gateway port.

Finally, it is expected that APEC TPTWG members would dedicate resources and commitment to ensure the Gateway port connectivity indicator will be updated and maintained over the long run. 

Beneficiaries: The main stakeholders and beneficiaries of the study will be government officials responsible for port infrastructure strategy and investment from APEC economies, APEC TPTWG members in both the IIEG and MEG, other APEC fora such as CTI and ABAC, APSN members, and public and private port, shipping lines, shippers, and other intermodal stakeholders. The study will bring the following benefits:

1) Improved understanding of port authorities and supply chain stakeholders regarding the function of Gateway ports connectivity and its benefits;

2) Draw the attention of port administrative authorities, and create favorable circumstances for the effective and efficient development of APEC ports;

3) Development of a Gateway port connectivity indicator to help monitor development trend;

4) Assist both public and private decision makers to prioritize port development opportunities; and,

5) Strengthen the coordination and dialogue among Gateway port stakeholders.

Dissemination

This study will include one workshop to disseminate project findings.  The workshop will be held near the end of the study with the goal of sharing all the results and best practices on establishing Gateway port and Gateway port connectivity measurement.  The workshop is intended to be held in Singapore on the margins of the Transportation Working Group TPTWG- 43 meeting in summer 2016. 

All study findings, including the best practices and list of technical and policy recommendations in promoting Gateway ports connectivity and development, will be summarized in the final report.  The documents will be available in publications for all APEC economies and online at the APEC TPT-WG website.  Publication and presentations on the study findings and recommendations will be made available to other APEC workings groups such as Committee on Trade and Investment and APEC Business Advisory Council.

Gender

The project is expected to encourage women of all relevant professions to actively engage in the study. In particular, positions such as translators and interpreters, short term clerical and secretarial staff will give priority to female workers where available.  There will be no discrimination against researchers of any gender.  Consultants are selected purely on the basis of their working capability and teamwork spirit.  The Request For Proposal will ask the consultant team to identify any female researchers as part of the study team and how they will add value to the overall objectives of the project.  Female researchers are expected to make up 0 to 25 percent of the consultant team.  Female researchers are expected to be encouraged to participate in whole project process, including planning, management, allocation of resources and implementation. In addition, the project team is expected to include women as speakers and participants in the outreach workshop. Representation of both genders will be strongly encouraged at the workshop planned as part of the project.  By offering women equal opportunities, this project will serve to increase female presence in the workforce and promote gender equality across the industry.

The objective of this project is to improve the connectivity among APEC economics from port perspective and to facilitate trade and communication, which will offer great professional opportunities for both men and women. In addition, trade affects every aspect of people’s daily life by moving household products from one region to another. Women, as the majority household products users, will not only benefit from culture communication behind the household products but also contribute to further cross-cultural communication.

Work Plan

Pending a successful confirmation of funding by August 2015, the project could take 10 months to complete with an expected completion date by summer 2016.  Assuming a two months procurement and consultant selection process, the consultant would be on board by October 2015.  An estimated 520 hours will be required for the study.  Regular study progress will be communicated to the APEC Secretariat, IIEG and MEG members.  PO will also present study progress and results at the TPT-WG 42 and 43 in 2016.

The follow five steps for the study illustrated the task required, output, and the approximate timeline. 

Step 1: Project Initiation (August 2015 to October 2015, assuming project funding approval by July 2015)

Activities:

a) Assemble a study management team to oversee the overall study progress, evaluate the study proposals, and provide general guidance to PO on conducting the study.  Study management team should consist of co-sponsoring economies experts with experience in the port and intermodal planning and operation;

b) Work closely with APEC secretariat to develop and issue Request For Proposal;

c) Review proposals with study management team and select successful bidder;

d) Retain study consultant and finalize study contract; and

e) Work with consultant to prepare the detailed Project Management Plan.

Output: Request For Proposal, Study Management Team Terms of Reference, Project Management Plan with detail tasks and schedule. 

Step 2: Data Collection (October 2015 to December 2015)

Activities: Collect data and feedback from APEC leading ports and intermodal stakeholders to summarize common characteristics and development trend of Gateway port.  Study team will also conduct phone/email interview with private sector terminal operators, shipping line companies, and other transportation and supply chain experts, and literature review to collect relevant data.

a) Conduct phone or in person interview with various APEC economies Department of Transport officials and private sectors terminal operators, shipping lines, and other intermodal stakeholders to get a better understand the current state of Gateway port development within their organization;

b) Prior to interview, prepare and distribute discussion guide and questionnaire by email and mail to APEC economies Department of Transport officials and private sectors terminal operators, shipping lines, and other intermodal stakeholders.  The objective is to explain the study objective and to seek feedback on definition of Gateway Port and the advantages and challenges on gateway port development;

c) Conduct literature research on gateway port development and best practice worldwide.  Example study would include the OECD recent report on "The Impact of Mega Ship";

d) Review previous and on-going APEC project on supply chain connectivity to ensure this study complement previous effort;

e) Review available connectivity index such as UNTAD Connectivity Index. 

Output: An interim report including the current development plan and connections of APEC Gateway ports and common characteristics.  Literature research, interview and phone survey results will be included in the study as well.

Step 3: Data Analysis (December 2015 to April 2016)

Activities: Analyze the potential influence of the external factors such as manufacturing transferring, larger-sized vessel, and port regionalization to the development of Gateway ports in APEC region.  Study will also review and suggest available port connectivity performance indicators (e.g. UNCTAD Liner shipping connectivity index)

a) Develop an inventory of issues and development trend from the workshop, survey results, and literature review;

b) Review the methodology of UNCAD Liner shipping connectivity index and determine what data is required to develop similar index for the APEC region;

c) Review the technical feasibility (eg. data availability, index update cycle, and level of resource required, etc) of setting similar index for the APEC region;

d) Review data collected so far and identify trends and success factors on Gateway port development;

e) Provide preliminary technical and policy recommendation;

f) Send out workshop invitation at least two months in advance of the workshop;

g) Prepare workshop material.

Output: An interim report describing the best practices of Gateway Port Connectivity considering institution, infrastructure, operation and information.

Step 4: Study Results (April 2016 to May 2016)

Activities: Host a Workshop in Singapore on the margins of the Transportation Working Group TPTWG- 43 meeting in summer 2016 as a standalone event to present study findings.  Measures and factors to cope and accelerate port development and Gateway Port connectivity, alongside the feasibility of establishing a Gateway port connectivity index will be discussed.  Approximately 50 people are expected to attend the workshop. Draft technical and policy recommendation will be presented for discussion as well. 

Output: A workshop summary with comments and suggestions from attendees. 

Step 5: Final Report and Research Paper (May 2016 to July 2016)

Activities: All study findings, including the best practices, methodology and data required for the Gateway port connectivity index, and list of technical and policy recommendations in promoting Gateway ports connectivity and development, will be summarized in the final report.  The documents will be available in publications and online. The research paper will be submitted to technical journals, trade and maritime related conferences, and business magazines for presentation and publication consideration.  These could include the Transportation Research Board, Journal of Commerce TPM Asia Conference, World of Cargoes, or PortStrategy.

Publication and presentations on the study findings and recommendations will be made available to other APEC workings groups such as Committee on Trade and Investment and APEC Business Advisory Council. 

Output: The final report and one research paper.

Risks

Implementation of the project may involve the following risks:

1) Limited participation from transport authorities of APEC economies and private sectors: to reduce risks of low participation, the Project Overseer, the Study Management Committee and Canada’s representatives to the TPTWG IIEG and MEG will share the information about the project from the beginning of the project, and will encourage experts from the APEC economies as well as other fora (such as APSN) to be engaged in the discussions on the issue and impact of Gateway port development.

2) Lack of data to access the viability setting up a Gateway port connectivity index: to reduce risks of insufficient data, the project will be seeking a qualified consultant with familiarization on the UNTAD Linear Connectivity Index.  This task is part of the overall study and will be conducted by the same study consultant.

3) Time delays: to limit the risks of delays, a milestones based performance schedule will be established for the contractor, and contractual payments will be directly tied to fulfillment of milestones in the project plan.

Monitoring and Evaluation

Indicators to demonstrate success for this study include:

a) Number of attendees at the workshop (Target set at 50 attendees),

b) Number of presentations at other APEC meetings or maritime related workshops (Target set for at least 5 presentations, such as at APEC TPT-WG 42 & 43 joint IIEG and MEG sessions, ABAC, CTI, and APSN meetings), and

c) Number of academic and trade journals accepted for publication (Target for at least 2 academic journals and 2 maritime trade related journals).

An electronic survey for the workshop will be issued to solicit attendees' feedback on the usefulness of workshop content and discussion.  A positive feedback would show the attendees' awareness and understanding of a Gateway port and Gateway port connectivity has improved after the workshops.

As mentioned already, a project management plan will be developed and a study management committee will be formed to ensure the study progress is on schedule and on budget.

APEC Interim Monitoring Reports: will be provided by the Project Overseer and the Study Management Committee in August 2015, February and August 2016 as required.

Linkages

The project will be developed through the Intermodal Experts Group (IIEG) to address Chokepoint 2 - inefficient or inadequate transport infrastructure and lack of cross-border physical linkages. IIEG will be informed on the study progress and will provide guidance and advice to the project study when necessary. As this project also looks into Gateway ports and liner shipping, Maritime Experts Group (MEG) will be briefed on the study progress and will provide relevant guidance and advice.

It should be noted that the United Nations Council On Trade And Development (UNCTAD) included the Liner Shipping Connectivity Index (LSCI) in the latest Maritime Review. This project will mainly draw on findings and outcomes from the studies conducted by UN and other relevant international agencies and try to identify the best practices suitable for the APEC community. The study will also involve APEC Port Service Network (APSN), as their 2014 annual workshop in Seattle and the upcoming 2015 workshop in Cebu City Philippines are on gateway port and supply chain connectivity. APSN is a great potential platform for future collaboration of this study.

This study will review previous and existing APEC projects focused on connectivity promotion. For example,

a) Develop Air Connectivity in the APEC Region from Tourism Working Group (TWG);

b) Workshop - Enhancing Transport Supply Chain Connectivity: Reducing Post-Harvest Losses Measures in Selected Economies from Transportation Working Group (TPTWG);

c) Workshop - Enhancing Transport Supply Chain Connectivity in Developing Economies through Public-Private Partnerships in Transport Infrastructure (TPTWG);

d) Maximising Energy Efficiencies of Supply Chain Connectivity by Improving Rail-waterway Intermodal Transport in APEC Economies (TPTWG);

e) Promoting Public-Private Partnership (PPP) to Develop Dry Ports and Logistics Parks in Order to Enhance APEC's Supply Chain Connectivity (TPTWG); and

f) Connectivity Map developed by Japan in relationship to the TMM8 meeting.

However, it should be noted that none of these projects is focused on ports, which deal more than 90% of global trade. These projects can serve as an appropriate basis for this study.

APEC region has become a shipping center with fast growing seaborne trade, and shipping plays a crucial role in promoting commercial activities within the region. As a result, the development of Gateway port connectivity among economies with the aim of facilitating trade is of significant importance to maintaining the sound development of the whole region. As no study focused on this particular area in the APEC region can be found, this project aims to provide insightful analysis for the benefit of all member economies, which makes APEC the best source of funds for the project.

Sustainability

Gateway port connectivity has been a longstanding vision of the APEC and is on top of the agendas of many international and regional conferences. It has played and will continue to play a significant role in advancing sustainable development of Gateway ports. Improved Gateway port connectivity will not only serve the interest of the port, but also contribute to the global economic recovery. 

This project will continue to have profound impacts in the following ways after the APEC funding is finished.

First, the results and lessons of the project will continue to contribute to further researches of the IIEG, MEG, and other related institutions in the Asia Pacific region and beyond. By providing in-depth analysis and periodic findings, this project will serve APEC member economies in improving their port productivity, connectivity, and overall performance. Its results will also be conducive to other countries’ Gateway port connectivity building by providing useful experience of the Asia Pacific region.

Second, various stakeholders stand to benefit from this project in the long term. This project will employ methodologies for improving Gateway port connectivity and provide periodic findings for future reference. Governments, port authorities, and international organizations will find those methodologies and findings useful in assessing current situations, predicting future trends, and formulating policies and strategies accordingly.

Third, this project will propose a methodology to calculate connectivity index for the APEC region, which could be included in the reports of related international or regional organizations like APSN. Regular publication of this index will contribute to the decision making procedures of port authorities, governments, and international organizations, creating considerable impacts on future projects.  Just to reiterate, the connectivity index is part of the scope of the project and is to be conducted by the study consultant.

The project will include technical findings on the suitability of developing a connectivity index in the APEC region. The PO will present this finding to the APEC TPT-WG and may propose future phases of the project to seek commitment among APEC economies to use and maintain the connectivity index. Addition funding may be sought from APEC and other sources for future phases of the project.

Project Overseers

Thomas Kwan will be the Project Overseer (PO) for this study.  Mr. Kwan is a Project Engineer with Transport Canada's Coordination and Policy Branch in the Pacific Region office in Vancouver, Canada.  Mr. Kwan is a Professional Engineer in British Columbia with over 15 years of professional experience in the field of Transportation Engineering and Planning.  Over the past 8 years with Transport Canada, Mr. Kwan has managed and delivered over 10 multi-agencies transportation planning research studies on gateway infrastructure development, goods movement, and transportation technology planning and implementation projects.  Also in 2014, Mr. Kwan obtained a certificate in ITS Project Management from the University of Maryland.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Not Applicable.

Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

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PMU Field 3

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