Project Title

Capacity Building on Strategies and Implementation of Low-Carbon Town in APEC Economies 

Project Year

2015   

Project Number

EWG 10 2015A 

Project Session

Session 1   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Completed Project   
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Project No.

EWG 10 2015A 

Project Title

Capacity Building on Strategies and Implementation of Low-Carbon Town in APEC Economies 

Project Status

Completed Project 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: Energy Efficiency 

Project Year

2015 

Project Session

Session 1 

APEC Funding

147,925 

Co-funding Amount

96,500 

Total Project Value

244,425 

Sponsoring Forum

Energy Working Group (EWG) 

Topics

Energy 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

China 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Chinese Taipei; Thailand 

Expected Start Date

01/08/2015 

Expected Completion Date

30/09/2016 

Project Proponent Name 1

Dr Li Kuishan 

Job Title 1

Director 

Organization 1

China Academy of Building Research 

Postal Address 1

Room 12A, No 88 Dapu Road, Xuhui District, Shanghai, China 

Telephone 1

86-18616536635 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

li.kuishan@outlook.com 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Dr Li Kuishan 

Project Summary

The project belongs to the field of energy and urbanization. Presently, APEC economies are experiencing rapid urbanization, facing significant environmental and energy stress. In order to enhance the capability to realize substantial sustainable development, low-carbon town model should be implemented and promoted widely (2014 APEC ministerial meeting, 8 Nov, 2014). Thus, strategies and measures to implement low-carbon towns are in great need. The project aims to train professionals in APEC economies to build capacities of sustainable developing strategies, implementation measures and promote the current low-carbon town models.

This project is in consistency with the 2014 APEC leaders' declaration and the ministerial statement in Beijing, China.

Projects proposed activities include:

1) Technical training;

2) Policy training;

3) Expert interaction; and

4) Low-carbon town review.

Relevance

This project seeks to promote low-carbon town strategies, implementation measures and best practices in APEC economies, responding directly to the 2014 APEC energy ministerial meeting in Beijing, China, in September 2014 in which the Energy Ministers state "Member economies should exchange ideas, technologies, and experience in developing low-carbon towns and strengthen practical cooperation in this area."

This statement recognizes the fact that economies in APEC region are experiencing fast development, while energy and environment problems are becoming notable. Thus, low carbon towns are in urgent need to help solve the problems. Exchange of ideas, technologies and experience in developing low carbon towns will greatly contribute to regional development.

Also, in Beijing 2014, the Leaders declare "We recognize that the Asia-Pacific is currently experiencing booming urbanization. We realize that sustained and healthy development of urbanization is conducive to promoting innovative growth and realizing robust, inclusive and sustainable development in the Asia-Pacific". The declaration demonstrates the great demand of APEC economies to grow low-carbon towns, thus, the promotion of low-carbon model towns are in urgency.

Various economies can benefit from the project. Low-carbon towns may differ greatly in different regions, but the basic strategies will be similar. Meanwhile, problems in implementation will be stressed in the project, so that various economies can gain from the project.

Many political and technical options to realize low-carbon towns exist, but there is limited guidance regarding the effectiveness of these options in terms of impact, cost, the prerequisites for implementation and the appropriateness for different situations. This project would provide such guidance concerning low-carbon towns.

The project fall under Rank 2 in the 2015 APEC Funding Criteria. The project mainly focus on low-carbon town strategies and implementation measures, which corresponds to the Sustainable Growth “Energy efficiency, energy security and energy resiliency including the development of low carbon technology and alternative energy sources” in Rank 2.

Objectives

1) The project is to build capacity of low-carbon town strategies, implementation measures and practices of the participants. Participants from various economies will have the opportunity to reach the most up-to-date strategies from administrators, technologies from experts, and experiences from practitioners.

2)  The project is to form a communication mechanism of low-carbon town strategies and practices periodically. Workshop on the issues of low-carbon town study will be formed after this event, based on which a bi-annual workshop will continue to exchange information in this field.

3) The project is to develop recommendations to better promote low-carbon model towns. Voices from all participants will be heard and discussed, based on which, recommendations of how to better promote low-carbon model town will be formed.

Alignment

The project is in alignment with 2014 APEC leaders’ declarations “We recognize that the Asia-Pacific is currently experiencing booming urbanization. We realize that sustained and healthy development of urbanization is conducive to promoting innovative growth and realizing robust, inclusive and sustainable development in the Asia-Pacific” and 2014 APEC energy ministerial statement "Member economies should exchange ideas, technologies, and experience in developing low-carbon towns and strengthen practical cooperation in this area."

The capacity building of low-carbon town strategies and implementation will enhance the promotion of low-carbon model towns, build capacity of participants to achieve low-carbon towns and exchange low-carbon information among APEC economies. Thus, the project will contribute to the achievement of the 2014APEC leaders’ declaration and ministerial statement.

In the 2014 APEC Energy Ministerial Meeting 2014, held on Sep. 2 2014 in Beijing, stated that Low-carbon towns can contribute to higher energy efficiency, resource conservation, environmental protection and economic development. We applaud the progress in the APEC Low Carbon Model Town (LCMT) Project and the promotion activities under it. Member economies should exchange ideas, technologies, and experience in developing low-carbon towns and strengthen practical cooperation in this area.

The project mainly includes training and capacity building on strategies and implementation of low-carbon town in APEC economies, which is in alignment with the 2014 Energy Ministerial Meeting Statements and Energy Working Group (EWG) work plan.

TILF/ASF Justification

The framework of the workshop to build capacity on strategies and implementation of low-carbon towns in APEC region is not only a guide for the existing low-carbon town practice, but also a good example for all economies to accumulate experience and exchange information in the construction of low-carbon town. As a result, knowledge transfer from this project will contribute to the exploitation of the strategies and implementation procedures to promote low-carbon towns in the whole APEC regions.

All the findings and outcomes will be shared with all the APEC economies, to enable them to learn both of the successful and unsuccessful experiences. The capacity building that will result from workshops will enable developing APEC member economies to take full advantage of the most cost effective options available.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: To build capacity of strategies and implementation of low-carbon towns, several activities will be conducted to fulfil the project objectives. These activities will include a workshop, a report and recommendations from all the participants.

In the workshop, administrators of low-carbon model towns will be invited to give the first hand information of the situation of low-carbon model town operations. From the experience of the administrators, participants will obtain the strategies to promote and operate the low-carbon towns.

Urban planners will be invited to share the low-carbon town design experience and typical low-carbon town planning that can be referenced by the participants.

Technology experts will be invited to analyse the state of art of the low-carbon technologies, and from which participants will find more potential technologies appropriate for the low-carbon towns.

Constructors will be invited to deliver their experience of low-carbon town constructions. Construction is a key procedure to the low-carbon towns. Experienced constructor will help to analyse the key points in the whole constructing process, which are essential to the success of low-carbon towns.

Operation managers will be invited to share their experience in the operation and maintenance of low-carbon model towns. From designing to operation, participants will learn how a low-carbon town will be different.

Several best practices will be selected to have an on-site view and introduction, so that participants will learn from the reality more directly.

A report will be deliver to each participant, including all the materials of the above activities, for the participants to learn.

After all the activities, a discussion meeting will be organized to talk about the outcomes. The questions will be discussed and recommendations will be obtained. Feedbacks from all participants will be collected for better organizing the workshop in the future.

Outcomes: The changes that the project may lead to include the change of low-carbon town promoting policies, the technologies in low-carbon towns, constructing process, and maintenance requirement of low carbon towns.

First, low-carbon town promoting policies may be changed. Until now, low-carbon towns are well advertised through multimedia, however, people cannot figure out the true value of a low-carbon town. In the near future, values of low-carbon town will be more stressed, so that common people can realize the extra value that they can gain if they choose to live in a low-carbon town.

Second, technologies of low-carbon town may be changed to some extent. Numerous high-techs were used in various low-carbon towns, however, many failed to reach the expectation. And the failure of the high-techs have incurred a bad reputation of technologies. One of the most important reasons is that each kind of technology should have its application scope, in which the technology can reach its optimum results. Through guidance of technical experts, participants will learn how to use technologies appropriately. Thus, low-carbon town technologies may be changed gradually.

Third, construction experiences of low-carbon towns constructors will be shared and the constructing process of low-carbon towns can be improved.

Fourth, the maintenance of low-carbon town is an essential part of the success of the low-carbon town. Operation and maintenance experience of successful low-carbon model town will be transferred from the operation managers to participants.

Beneficiaries: The objective participants will include but not restrict to the following groups:

APEC economy policy-makers and government officials responsible for low-carbon energy policy will be the direct beneficiaries. Indirectly, businesses and consumers will benefit from the improved energy security that low-carbon energy supplies will provide. The reduction of subsidies will encourage more energy efficient consumption, leading to a positive impact on international energy prices and energy security, and will make renewable energy and technologies more competitive.

A range of people knowledgeable on low-carbon energy policy in the host economy including representatives of government ministries, research institutes, industry associations, energy companies, electricity and gas market regulators, consumer associations, local government, and other relevant groups will be interviewed by the review team.

The review team will consist of low-carbon energy policy experts from APEC member economies who are expected to contribute to the review of the host economy. At each peer review exercise, low –carbon energy policy experts from at least three APEC member economies are expected to participate in the review team.

Dissemination

The number, form and content of any publications: The outcomes or findings will be presented in both electronic format and hard copies. Reports will be delivered to all participants, and will be made available for downloading from the APEC, EWG, and the proposed websites. A new website will be elaborated to reflect the outcome of the workshop, and related information will be updated periodically. Project Overseer will find exterior support from low-carbon town research funding, low-carbon town developers to guarantee the maintenance of the website.

Target audience: The target audience will include representatives of government ministries, research institutes, industry associations, energy companies, electricity and gas market regulators, consumer associations, local government, and other relevant groups.

There is no intention to sell outputs arising from this project.

Gender

Women from all the APEC economies could participate in all stages of this project. They could get involved as investigators to collect the information, join the on-site visiting and prepare the report, as experts to join the workshop, make comments and recommendations on the presentations. Also, they could be speakers, make presentations on the workshop, and discuss with the experts, policy makers, government officials, etc… Topics related to gender issues in the low-carbon town strategies will also be discussed, such as public facilities in low-carbon towns to meet needs of different gender, contribution of women to the development of low-carbon towns, etc.

Work Plan

The one year’s project is divided into the following parts:

1) M1 – M2: Structure a framework of the project: A framework of the project will be set up in the stage. Policies concerning low-carbon towns will be collected, in which key policies will be selected for the workshop. Technology field will be decided to discuss in the workshop. Successful low-carbon model towns will be visited to determine appropriate constructors and operation managers to share their experience. Related materials will be collected to form a report. The report will include live materials from administrators, technical experts, constructors, and operators and so on.

2) M3 – M4: Participants selection: Introduction of the workshop will be posted and disseminated. Applicants will be required to provide their background and self statement of the reason to participate the workshop. All the application materials will be reviewed by organizers, and potential applicants will be contacted for an interview. The interview will be conducted through online communication or face to face interview. The interview will be completed by sub-contractor. Successful applicants will be determined after the interview. 11 participants from APEC travel eligible developing economies are expected to participate the workshop.

3) M5 – M7: Workshop: The workshop will be conducted in this stage. Invited low-carbon town administrators, technical experts, constructors and operation managers will share their live experiences to all participants. Especially, a case study on carbon use of a town in a developing economy will be analyzed to provide relevant information for all economies, especially developing economies. Participants will have the opportunity to discuss key issues concerning low-carbon towns with experts in different fields. On-site visiting is an important part of the workshop, one low-carbon town in Wuxi, Jiangsu province will be selected and green building R & D centre of landsea company in Changqing, Zhejiang province will be visited. After on-site visiting of several low-carbon model towns, a discussion session will be held to hear the feedback from the participants. Recommendations will be discussed in this session also to be included in the final report.

4) M8 – M10: Finalize the report: The report will be finalized according to the experts’ critiques and recommendations. Finalized materials will be submitted to APEC EWG secretariat.

5) Identify Appropriate Speakers.  Chairs and expert speakers will be chosen from both the public and private sector. Identify and target potential participants and experts. Utilize appropriate communication channels to promote good attendance at the workshop.

6) On- site visiting. Several low-carbon model towns will be selected for all the experts and speakers to visit.

Risks

The key risks and the solutions are as follows: 

Risk 1: Duplication of work. Solution: We will work closely with the relevant forums, conduct periodic and thorough reviews of the literature and review similar projects that have dealt with the main theme of this project. The website will be carefully monitored to avoid any duplication.

Risk 2: The information presented in the website is not of relevance to its audience.  Solution: To avoid this, we will work closely with the local residents in other APEC economies, mainly those who are well-informed to address the topics from a variety of perspectives.

Risk 3: Possible press releases delayed. Solution: We will work closely with internal departments and APEC communication staff to facilitate the distribution of the information of this project.

Risk 4: Low attendance from target audience. Solution: We will consult with prospective economies about their interest in specific areas.  They will be consulted about speaker nominations, agenda topics, and we will solicit their participations through various channels and opportunities, such as promoting the website in future EWG meetings.

Risk 5: Framework lacks general applicability to the APEC region. Solution: We will manage to seek input from a range of economies possible in form of multi-economy steering group, peer review for quality control and strong communications. The steering group will be composed of no less than 5 members from different economies in APEC region, and the steering group will review the low-carbon town strategies, technologies and implementation measures to decide if the proposed suggestions are appropriate to disseminate and in what region it will reach its best effect. Without the steering group approval, recommendations cannot be formed.

Monitoring and Evaluation

First, we will identify the range or the number of APEC economies choosing to participate in the workshop, as well as the participating organisations and agencies. Also, we will pay attention to the seniority or appropriateness of representation from each.  This will indicate the success of the workshop in engaging its target audience.

Second, the topics and quality of the presentations and their focus on the objectives of the workshop will be taken into account.

Third, indicator will be the ability of the workshop participants to promote greater interests or engagement by APEC Economies in the development of LCTs. The completed APEC conference evaluation forms will be collected from delegates on completion of the conference/seminar, and analysed to assess participant views.  The evaluation form will include indicators to assess the quality of the presentations.

Ultimately, the success of the workshop will be judged by the scores given by all participants. Participants are required to score on a quality review sheet of the workshop, separately at the end of the workshop and after 3 months. If participants find it is useful both during the workshop and in their daily work, it means that the workshop is successful.

Linkages

Engagement: We will keep in contact with Chairpersons of relevant APEC fora, to ensure that we are sharing useful information and not duplicating any of other activities. We will adjust our research topics where we find those similar topics have been presented. In addition, other APEC fora will be invited to take part in our workshops to share their perspectives to achieve low carbon towns in and outside APEC regions.

Previous Work: Before starting this project, a number of renewable energy development related projects have been funded and implemented as EWG projects. In 2012, a APEC project was issued to discuss the measures to reduce energy intensity in APEC low-carbon towns. The addressed subjects includes low-carbon energy policies, energy efficiency; alternative energy sources, energy database, energy efficiency indicators, etc. Most of these projects dealt with energy efficiency measures and programs. In contrast, this project organize policy makers, technology experts, constructors and operators to make participants better understand the key issues of low-carbon towns.

APEC’s comparative advantage: There are abundant natural resources, such as solar energy, geothermal energy and industrial waste heat in APEC regions. All the natural resources ensure this project’s feasibility. Moreover, APEC is the only forum where leaders, ministers and working level government officials in the Asia-Pacific region share knowledge and coordinate activities on a broad range of issues related to economic growth and sustainability. As a result, this is the most appropriate forum for the study of the application of various low carbon technologies in APEC regions. Our report will be presented at the EWG meeting for review. The outcomes and findings of the project will be published and updated via the website and other media.

Sustainability

We would take several steps as follows, so as to promise the sustainability of the project after the APEC funding finished.

All the outputs of this project will be made into electronic version and put on the internet and updated periodically, hereby the stakeholders or beneficiaries are able to download corresponding reference at any time they need it. A sub-contractor will be responsible for establishing and maintaining the website. The sub-contractor will contact participants from different economies to acquire updated information from each economy. In addition, the website will serve as a platform for collaborators to exchange ideas.

An electronic introduction of the project will be distributed to every participant of the forum, making it easy for them to share information or train colleagues in their home economics. And for those who want to know more information about reducing energy intensity and LCTs measures, we will provide the latest updates.

Most importantly, APEC is always the supporting platform allowing economies who need assistance in achieving energy saving and carbon emission reduction in their urbanization process. The outputs of the workshop will be submitted to the APEC Secretariat, who may utilize the outputs to contribute to the low-carbon town promotion and upgrade in APEC region.

This project will analyze comprehensive parameters regarding the policy making, technology application, construction process and maintenance in different low-carbon towns and summarize the collective low carbon ways from different regions, which will make the outputs of this workshop more representative and applicable for those who wish to replicate it. Recommendations will form at the end of the workshop through discussion and steering group’s review, based on which a follow up Action Plan will be conceived and prepared after the workshop. The Action Plan may have impact on EWG or even Energy Ministers Meeting.

Long-term sustainability, from which the strategy and implementation of low-carbon towns would likely be able to accomplish, is a key objective of the EWG forum. The results of the project are likely to identify more detailed work needed on specific aspects of LCTs technologies in developing APEC economies, which could be the objective of future APEC projects.

Sharing experiences in the development and implementation of advanced LCTs will lead to the further development of clean, zero carbon energy in the APEC region and will help APEC economies to meet the new economy wide energy intensity goals from the 2014 Leaders meeting.

Project Overseers

The project overseer is Li Kuishan, Ph. D of Heating, Ventilationg and Air Conditioning from Tongji University, specialized in energy planning and urban mircroclimate.

Now, Dr. Li Kuishan is working in CABR (China Academy of Building Research), which is one of the largest architectural design company in China. He has gained rich experience in designing low energy-consuming projects and low-carbon projects. He has led several national level research projects, "Study on Measures to Reduce Energy Intensity in APEC Low Carbon Town", "Research on Shanghai Expo Building Complex and Bulidings Energy Saving Measures", "Shanghai Sustainable Green Buliding and Low Carbon Technologies", "Research and Application of the Low Carbon Energy System in Expo Complex with the area of 2 million m2" and " Outdoor Wind Effect Simulation of Negtive Technologies of Residential Bulidings". Besides, he has published 5 papers and given 4 speeches on national and international conferences.

Regarding Low Carbon Town design and research experience, he has led and participated in  several relevant projects in China, including Tianjin Yujiapu LCT project, Dalian BEST city project and Songhua River Sustainable Development Plan project.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

A consultant will be employed to conduct the investigation at the beginning of the project, and also, he will lead to finish the APEC report, finally, as the host, he will organize and identify speakers and experts for the work shop.

Waivers

A waiver from APEC project funding arrangements is requested, which allows low carbon, energy efficiency, urban planning, and transportation expert speakers who are government employees to receive airfare/accommodation/per Diem expenses for their participation in the workshops.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Version HistoryVersion History

Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
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