Project Title

APEC Peer Review on Energy Efficiency (PREE), Phase 5 (Follow-up PREE) 

Project Year

2015   

Project Number

EWG 03 2015A 

Project Session

Session 1   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Completed Project   
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Project No.

EWG 03 2015A 

Project Title

APEC Peer Review on Energy Efficiency (PREE), Phase 5 (Follow-up PREE) 

Project Status

Completed Project 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: Energy Efficiency 

Project Year

2015 

Project Session

Session 1 

APEC Funding

56,124 

Co-funding Amount

187,632 

Total Project Value

243,756 

Sponsoring Forum

Energy Working Group (EWG) 

Topics

Energy 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Japan 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Australia; Brunei Darussalam; Canada; Chile; China; Hong Kong, China; Indonesia; Korea; Malaysia; Mexico; New Zealand; Papua New Guinea; Peru; Philippines; Russia; Singapore; Chinese Taipei; Thailand; United States; Viet Nam 

Expected Start Date

01/06/2015 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2016 

Project Proponent Name 1

Katsushi Takehiro 

Job Title 1

Director, Office of Global Strategy for Energy Industry International Affairs Division Agency for Natural Resources and Energy (ANRE) 

Organization 1

Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) 

Postal Address 1

1-3-1 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-Ku, Tokyo, 100-8901, Japan 

Telephone 1

81-3 35010598 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

takehiro-katsushi@meti.go.jp, ishii-shinji@meti.go.jp, kurumi-kazuhiro@meti.go.jp 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Katsushi Takehiro 

Project Summary

APEC Peer Review on Energy Efficiency (PREE) Phase 5 has three parts.

The first part is the Follow-up PREE, which is designed to assist a former PREE host economy in implementing the recommendations of a PREE review team. The key objective is to assist the host economy to obtain in-depth knowledge on how to implement the best practice recommended by the review team in previous PREE for the host economy.

The second part is compilation of an updated “Compendium of Energy Efficiency Policies of APEC Economies” to share information on energy efficiency policies and performance.

The third part is Energy Efficiency Policy Workshop, which succeeds CEEDS (Cooperative Energy Efficiency Design for Sustainability) project as a forum to further discuss key issues in the previous PREEs. The Workshop may be held in conjunction with one of the two biannual meetings of Expert Group on Energy Efficiency and Conservation EGEE&C.

Relevance

APEC Peer Review on Energy Efficiency (PREE) Phase 5 responds directly to the declaration at the 9th APEC Energy Ministers Meeting (EMM9) declaration in Fukui, Japan, in which the Ministers instructed Energy Working Group (EWG) and APERC to keep promoting energy efficiency through the PREE and the Cooperative Energy Efficiency Design for Sustainability (CEEDS); and to consider follow-up efforts, including capacity building activities, policy research support and processes to gauge the success of member economies’ efforts to implement the recommendations of these programs.

Under the PREE Phase 1, 2, 3, and 4, ten peer reviews were conducted in New Zealand (Feb 2009), Chile (Mar 2009), Viet Nam (Jun 2009), Thailand (Nov 2009), Chinese Taipei (Aug 2010), Peru (Nov 2010), Malaysia (Dec 2010), Indonesia (Indonesia 2011), the Philippines (Feb 2012) and Brunei Darussalam (Jun 2013). PREE reports provided these economies with many valuable recommendations for promoting energy efficiency improvement through establishing goals and action plans.

It was found that a lack of human capacity hampers implementation of some particular recommendations especially in developing economies. In this regard, the Follow-up PREE is designed to assist former PREE host economies in implementing the recommendations of review teams. Follow-up PREE was conducted in Viet Nam (Feb 2012) that focused on energy data and the Philippines (Sep 2014), which focused on the sugar, glass and cement industry, and the commercial buildings sectors. A third Follow-up PREE will be conducted in Thailand (August 2015), which will address the transportation sector in Thailand.

The continuation of the PREE and the Follow-up PREE will contribute to strengthening the APEC economies’ efforts in promoting energy efficiency improvement, as envisaged by APEC Energy Ministers, and to achieving the aspirational goal to reduce APEC’s aggregate energy intensity by 45 percent by 2035 agreed by APEC Leaders in 2011.

This project is directly linked to “Energy efficiency, energy security and energy resiliency including the development of low carbon technology and alternative energy sources (Rank 2)”, which is because the PREE Phase 5 aims to support continuous energy efficiency improvement and capacity building of implementing recommendations made by the review teams.

Objectives

The key objectives of the PREE are to:

a)  Share information on energy efficiency performance, as well as policies and measures for energy efficiency improvement;

b)  Explore how energy efficiency goals could be effectively formulated in each APEC economy under review, taking into account the diversity of the strategies and circumstances of individual economies;

c)  Monitor progress toward attaining energy efficiency goals and the implementation of action plans. The monitoring process serves to identify recommendations that require more focus.

It achieves these objectives by undertaking a broad review of energy efficiency policies and measures in that economy and providing recommendations on how these policies and measures might be improved. A report on the experts’ findings, which now includes, findings, achievements and recommendations summarises the Review Teams work.

The Follow-up PREE aims to do the same as the PREE but focuses on one or two energy use sectors and is not economy wide. It helps a previous PREE hosted economy to more smoothly implement recommendations on energy efficiency action plans, which have already been given by a review team.

Alignment

Regarding APEC’s key priorities, APEC Leaders’ Growth Strategy, adopted at the APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting in Yokohama in 2010, calls for APEC to achieve five growths attributes, namely, Balanced, Inclusive, Sustainable, Innovative and Secure growth. Two of them, Sustainable Growth and Innovative Growth, directly apply to activities under the Energy Working Group (EWG). With regard to Sustainable Growth, the Leaders agreed that APEC needs to encourage new green industries and jobs and to help establish a low-carbon society in which APEC economies maintain economic growth as well as protect the environment. In terms of Innovative Growth, they agreed that APEC needs to adopt policies contributing to fostering environment for innovative growth that will be increasingly crucial for future prosperity; they specifically emphasized the need for innovation in new products and services that can enhance progress on critical global issues, including the environment and energy. The PREE Phase 5 will thus serve as one of the key building blocks of the APEC Leaders’ Growth Strategy.

The APEC EMM11 declaration in Beijing in September 2014 instructed the EWG and Expert Group on Energy Efficiency and Conservation (EGEE&C) to:

a) continue their cooperation with related organizations on energy efficiency standards;

b) help member economies to enhance capacity building;

c) make energy efficiency policies more scientific and practical; and

d) speed up the development, promotion and application of energy efficiency technologies and products

The EWG Strategic Plan for 2014-2018 also mentions that the APEC EWG and APERC with the EGEE&C will continue to conduct the APEC PREE including follow-up reviews, and hold Energy Efficiency Policy Workshops.

Furthermore, the Follow-up PREEs work towards the APEC’s aggregate goal for reducing energy intensity by 45% from 2005 levels by 2035. It does so by encouraging, educating and promoting awareness of energy efficient policies and technologies and reducing energy consumption in the APEC region.

TILF/ASF Justification

Follow-up PREEs assist the capacity building in the developing economy selected. The relevant government agency of the developing economy will be engaged by closely collaborating with APERC in implementing the best practice recommendations made by the APEC expert review team.

Other APEC developing economies will benefit from learning best practices, which might be applicable in their own economies through dispatching their experts to the Follow-up PREE. In addition, the recommendations are specific to the intended Follow-up PREE host economies, however, the report will also support capacity building for government and municipality officials in other APEC developing economies, since they can refer to these reports and apply them, if appropriate, to their own economies.

For this purpose, we will disseminate this information in our APERC workshop which is held regularly in conjunction with EWG meetings as was previously done in Phase 1, 2, 3 and 4.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: The key outputs for PREE Phase 5 will be:

a) Findings, achievements and recommendations for energy efficiency goals and action plans based on the strategies and circumstances of the economy.

b) Documenting the experts’ findings, achievements and recommendations in a Peer Review Report. It will be endorsed by the EWG after the presentation in the above mentioned APERC workshop, and the endorsed Peer Review Report will be made publicly available through the Internet.

c) Energy Efficiency Policy Workshops presenting the results of PREE including expert recommendations. The workshop report will also be published.

The outputs of previous phases were:

Phase 1: Four PREEs: New Zealand in April 2009, Chile in April 2009, Viet Nam in December 2009 and Thailand in March 2010. The number of recommendations was 22, 21, 40 and 34 respectively.

Phase 2: Three PREEs: Chinese Taipei in August, Peru in November and Malaysia in November 2010. The number of recommendations was 35, 53 and 41 respectively.

Phase 3:

a) Two PREEs: Indonesia in October 2011 and Philippines in February 2012. The number of recommendations was 49 and 54 respectively.

b) The first Follow-up PREE was conducted for Viet Nam in February 2012. It assisted Viet Nam by establishing the analytical methods to evaluate and monitor the implementation of their existing energy efficiency action plans as well as transfer of know-how on these methods. It was held as a workshop.

Phase 4:

a) One PREE: Brunei Darussalam in June 2013 with 47 recommendations in the final report. The EWG 46 meeting endorsed the final report in November 2013 in Da Nang, Viet Nam.

b) APERC published Compendium of Energy Efficiency Policies of APEC Economies on our website in October 2013.

Follow-up PREE, originally we planned to occur in Thailand in September, October or November 2013. However, due to domestic unrest in Thailand, APERC could not carry out the Follow-up PREE in Thailand in 2013. Anticipating an improvement in Thailand, APERC rescheduled the project to April 2014 and got extension for six months by the end of June 2014. However, the situation in Thailand further deteriorated in 2014. Fortunately, the Philippines expressed its interest in a follow-up PREE of their accomplishments after hosting the PREE in February 2012. Hence, the Philippine Department of Energy (DOE) agreed to host the Follow-up PREE. The APEC Secretariat provided approval to switch the site and the Follow-up PREE in the Philippines occurred in September 2014. It focused on the on the sugar, glass and cement industry, and the commercial buildings sectors The Final Report was endorsed at EWG 48 Meeting in November 2014 and published on APERC’s website. The report was also submitted to the APEC Secretariat for its publication database.

Outcomes: The recommendations of PREE are expected to help host economies to promote energy efficiency policies. Some former PREE host economies have already indicated that they will include recommendations in their future policies and are now working to address them. In addition, APERC follows up with former PREE host economies to understand the extent to which review team’s recommendations are being implemented. The findings, achievements and recommendations are presented at the APERC workshops held in conjunction with each EWG meeting to disseminate knowledge and experience of the previous PREE and Follow-up PREE. They are also presented at the EGEE&C meetings.

The initial PREE found that a lack of human capacity hampered implementation of some particular recommendations in some economies, thus the first Follow-up PREE was conducted in Phase 3 in Viet Nam in February 2012. It was a five-day workshop on “Evaluating and Monitoring the Implementation of Viet Nam’s National Energy Efficiency Programs”. The invited experts made presentations on “Energy Efficiency Indicators” as well as “Decomposition Analysis”. The participants were also given practice and training for the use of software tool to utilize the analytical methods to evaluate and monitor the implementation of their existing energy efficiency action plans.

At the inaugural PREE, there was a limited supply of volunteer energy efficiency experts from APEC economies when forming the review team. Now, the former PREE host economies can be sources for review experts to be invited to the subsequent PREE as they have experience in the energy efficiency review and implementing the recommendations by the review team. We also encourage other APEC economies to volunteer in peer review to learn the experiences and best practices from the economies hosted the PREE. APEC could play an essential role in strengthening the capacity building in the area of energy efficiency policy recommendation process by conducting PREE as well as Follow-up PREE.

The introduction of the Follow-up PREE made it possible to measure how the recommendations of the original PREE were realized or being realized.

The second Follow-up PREE in Phase 4 occurred in the Philippines in September 2014. It focused on the energy sectors with the highest growth forecast: within the industrial sector, the cement, sugar and glass industries; and within the commercial sector, commercial buildings. Based on the recommendations, the Philippine DOE agreed to include some of the recommendations in its future energy audit material measures. The policy review team found that the central government made considerable progress with its energy efficiency programs and policies. In line with other APEC economies, it is working towards the ambitious goal of reducing energy intensity by 45 percent by 2035. One of the important outcomes to be expected is the enactment of the Energy Conservation Bill which has been under review and discussion in the Philippine legislation during the PREE and the Follow-up PREE. Its immediate passage has been one of the important recommendations in the both PREE and Follow-up PREE.

Beneficiaries: The beneficiaries are:

a) The policy makers and government officials of the PREE host economies who are responsible for energy efficiency policy. They will gain valuable recommendations on how to improve their energy efficiency policies, including goals and strategies, institutional frameworks, financial incentives and R&D. Other government officials will also be beneficiaries indirectly through sharing such information and lessons learned. In order to provide beneficial and sufficient recommendations, a range of people knowledgeable on energy efficiency issues in the host economy (including representatives from government ministries, research institutes, industry associations, energy companies, electricity and gas market regulators, consumer associations, local government, and other relevant groups) will be interviewed by the review team. The review team will consist of energy efficiency experts from APEC member economies and APERC researchers. The review experts are required to have very specific knowledge of the target sectors. EWG members and Expert Group chairpersons were asked to nominate qualified experts for the project.

b) Through dissemination of the report and workshops to be held in conjunction with EWG meetings, lessons learned by the host economy can benefit other APEC economies. The widespread application of energy efficiency measures recommended in PREE and Follow-up PREE in the APEC region makes it easier to achieve the energy efficiency goals of APEC as a whole.

In the long term, businesses and consumers will benefit indirectly, from the lower energy costs from improved energy efficiency, and everyone will benefit from improved preservation of the natural environment.

Dissemination

The report for the previous PREE and Follow-up PREE were published on APERC website (http://aperc.ieej.or.jp/publications/reports/pree.php) and submitted to APEC Secretariat for its database. The report for Follow-up PREE in Thailand will also be released after the review in August 2015. In addition, we will encourage host economies to publish the reports on their own websites. APERC will follow up the report publication by the host economy on behalf of Project Overseer (PO). Finally, the results will be shared during APERC Annual Conference and other APEC Cooperative meetings such as EWG, EGEDA and EGEE&C.

APERC publishes an annual Compendium on Energy Efficiency Policies by APEC economies which will also be published on the APERC website (http://aperc.ieej.or.jp/publications/reports/compendium.php).

The target audience comprises APEC officials responsible for energy efficiency policies.

There are no plans to sell any outputs related to this project.

Gender

Women’s participation is welcomed in all aspects of this project. A number of women have been involved in the design and implementation of PREE Phases 1 through 4 including review experts, participants of host economies as well as APERC researchers. In the PREE Phase 4, 25 out of 59 participants were female.

In the fifth phase of PREE, APERC will continue to seek the involvement of women in the process of nominating experts, asking participation of stakeholders from the host economy as well as selecting APERC researchers who will support the review team, since women are a major stakeholder group who can provide valuable input on designing policies and plans for sustainable development. In the PREE Phase 5, 1 female expert and 1 female APERC researcher are scheduled to participate in the review team.

Work Plan

Under the PREE Phase 5, one Follow-up PREE is scheduled in Bangkok, Thailand in 3-7 August 2015, focusing on enhancing energy efficiency in the transport sector. The aim is to encourage and educate stakeholders from the Ministry of Transport, Ministry of Interior, Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA) etc. about “Sustainable Transport Policy” and “Successful Cases in the APEC Region to Improve Energy Efficiency”.

The peer review team will be recruited by APERC in consultation with the host economy to include specialist transportation experts from other APEC economies, EGEE&C and international organizations. Prior to the review team’s visit to the host economy, the host economy will prepare a background briefing for the review team outlining the status of the energy sector in the host economy, as well as the economy’s energy efficiency policies and programs. During this process, the host economy will determine who should be interviewed as stakeholders by the review team in the target sector.  The stakeholders may be policy makers and government officials responsible for energy policies, representatives of the private sector, industry associations, academia, or non-profit organizations.

The peer review team will then visit the host economy and stakeholders selected by the host economy. Over the first 3.5 days of the Follow-up PREE, the experts will hear from government officials and relevant stakeholders and then go on site visits. The remaining 1.5 days will be spent preparing and working on findings, achievements and recommendations, and providing a presentation of preliminary findings, achievements and recommendations to government officials and relevant stakeholders. After their visit, the peer review team will prepare a preliminary draft review report. The draft review report will then be reviewed by the host economy, with possible modifications in response to the host economy’s comments. The draft review report will then be presented to EWG members for their consideration and approval at the following EWG meeting.

A key deliverable of the Follow-up PREE will be a Follow-Up Peer Review Report on Energy Efficiency for Thailand, which will include identifying barriers to the effective implementation of the action plans and the recommendations for overcoming the barriers. The report will be presented to EWG members for their consideration at the following EWG meeting after they are prepared.

APERC will compile an updated “Compendium of Energy Efficiency Policies of APEC Economies” by using updated information on energy efficiency policies and performance, which will be given by each economy. The Compendium will be released on the APERC website when it is ready.

In order to broaden participation of APEC economies’ delegates, we will hold the Energy Efficiency Policy Workshop (EE Policy Workshop), which succeeds CEEDS Workshops. The topics of the Energy Efficiency Policy Workshop will be selected from the key issues in the previous PREEs. The Energy Efficiency Policy Workshop will be held as a half day event led and chaired by an APERC researcher in conjunction with one of the two bi-annual meetings of the EGEE&C. The next EE Policy Workshop is planned in November 2015 when the 46th EGEE&C meeting will be held. Several relevant experts in the field of energy efficiency will be invited as speakers in the Workshop.

Risks

In designing the PREE project, APERC consulted with APEC member government officials who are responsible for energy efficiency policies on the present status of their strategic goals and action plans. APERC also consulted with experts from the APEC EGEE&C, as well as international organizations such as IEA on the challenges and barriers to effective policy implementation.  APERC plans to continue to consult with these experts as the project moves forward in order to manage the risks which may be involved in implementing the project.

The key risks to the success of the project are:

a) Lack of access to economy-specific energy data and information on policies by the peer review team. The preparation of the background briefing for the review team regarding the status of the energy sector, as well as energy efficiency policies and programs, is essential in order to conduct peer reviews on a limited time schedule. APERC will minimize this risk by closely coordinating with the host economy and asking them to provide relevant data and information well in advance.

b) Lack of diverse perspectives when conducting the Follow-up PREE. A variety of perspectives, including not only government, but also the industry and financial sectors as well as NGOs, is essential to comprehensively examine energy efficiency policy issues and to make useful recommendations to tackle deficiencies. APERC will minimize this risk by working closely with the host economy to arrange opportunities for as many as possible of the relevant stakeholders to meet with the review team.

c) Lack of energy efficiency policy experts participating in the peer review team. There are a limited number of energy efficiency policy experts from APEC economies who are available to voluntarily participate in the peer review team, especially those in a highly specific area, for example glass industry energy efficiency, who may have many other competing demands. To solve this problem, a register of energy efficiency experts has been developed. APERC will keep updating the register. APERC will also work closely with the chair of EGEE&C to ensure that energy efficiency experts join the peer review team.

d) Follow-up PREE will not meet the actual requirements of its host economy. APERC will minimize this risk by working closely with the host economy to determine their actual needs and appropriate approaches to meeting them. APERC will also find the most suitable experts to address the challenges faced by the host economy.

Monitoring and Evaluation

To measure progress, possible indicators are:

1) The number of stakeholders visited by the review team as they interview various stakeholders including representatives from government ministries, research institutes, industry associations, energy companies, electricity and gas market regulators, consumer associations, local government, and other relevant groups. In the PREE Phase 4, six site visits were carried out and 20 organisations engaged in the review

2) The number of recommendations made by the review team and the recommendations to be addressed by the host economy. In the PREE Phase 4, 81 recommendations were made in total (47 recommendations for the PREE in Brunei Darussalam and 34 recommendations for the Follow-Up PREE in the Philippines).

3) The number of energy efficiency policy experts of the review team as PREE host economies will also be sources for review experts to be invited to the subsequent PREE and Follow-up PREE. 8 experts participated in the PREE in Brunei Darussalam and the Follow-Up PREE in the Philippines (4 experts each) in Phase 4 while 3 experts were from previous PREE experienced economies.

4) The number of APERC website hits, to see if the project is successful in attracting interest. The number of access of the PREE page in the past year (from 5 June 2014 until 4 June 2015) was 2,224.

5) The progress an economy has made from the original PREE report to the Follow-up PREE as documented in the Follow-up PREE Report. The Follow-Up PREE will focus on the sector that the host economy identified as presenting the most difficulty/need for energy efficiency implementation. The sector is one that needs further help from energy efficiency experts who have specific knowledge and experience in the sector.

6) Indication that the host economies are implementing some of the Follow-up PREE recommendations. For example, following the Follow-up PREE in the Philippines, the Philippine Government had begun to implement some of the recommendations from the original PREE, and the Philippine Government acknowledged it would implement some of the recommendations in their next energy audits.

To evaluate the success of the project, the indicators will be the completion of the Follow-up PREE review report by the team members and the endorsement of the report by EWG members.

The PREE and Follow-up PREE host economies will be invited to give a presentation on the progress of implementing the recommendations at the APERC annual conference and other APEC cooperative meetings when possible.

We will also collect participants’ feedback through a follow-up survey on the value they perceived from the project.

Linkages

A Follow-up PREE report and an Energy Efficiency Policy Workshop report will be presented at the EWG meeting for their consideration. The progress of PREE will also be reported to other APEC fora, including the EGEE&C and APEC Working Groups (e.g. transportation). The two reports and the updated “Compendium of Energy Efficiency Policies of APEC Economies” will be published on the APERC website through links to the APEC website.

APERC will keep in contact with the chairpersons of relevant APEC fora, such as EGEE&C and TPTWG to ensure that we are making full use of their resources and are not duplicating any of their activities. APERC will also consult with international organizations such as IEA (International Energy Agency), ADB (Asian Development Bank), and WB (World Bank) where necessary, and take full advantage of the interaction with energy experts at EWG meetings and the APERC annual conferences.

PREE Phase 5 will build upon the prior success achieved in reviewing nine APEC economies conducted under PREE Phases 1 through 4.  Additionally, PREE Follow-Up for Thailand will build upon the earlier PREE for Thailand to assist in implementing the energy efficiency recommendations of the peer review team.  Although the IEA has a program of peer reviews of energy policies for IEA member economies, we know of no other peer review program focused on energy efficiency, and certainly none in which non-IEA member economies could participate.

APEC is the only forum where leaders, industry experts, ministers and working level government officials in the Asia-Pacific region share knowledge and coordinate activities related to sustainable development and energy security. As such, it is the most appropriate forum to be studying the many issues involved in improving energy efficiency, and is the most appropriate forum to be promoting implementation of the recommendations made by the peer review team.

Sustainability

Once completed, the Follow-up PREE Report and Energy Efficiency Policy Workshop Report will continue to be available APERC’s website www.ieej.or.jp/aperc/, allowing easy reference to the results and lessons learned. The Follow-Up PREE for Thailand included in this proposal is intended to be the third of a series of Follow-Up PREE’s for the past PREE host economies, which can help ensure that the results and lessons of earlier PREE’s are effectively carried forward.

The improvement of energy efficiency offers many cost-effective opportunities to achieve energy security, as well as improve business productivity and mitigate greenhouse gas emissions. Therefore energy efficiency will continue to be reported and discussed under the agenda item “Long-Term Energy Security Initiative (ESI)” at EWG meetings. On those occasions, the results and lessons from the project will be a basis for discussions on advancing energy efficiency policies in the APEC region after the APEC funding is finished.

PREE has been successful by the high number of recommendations identified in each economy, and the measures taken towards attaining energy efficiency goals. These recommendations provide a benchmark for energy efficient policy making in APEC economies, particularly the host economy. PREE has enhanced inter-economy collaborations which have improved best practice measures in the region.

The success of PREE can be tracked through the energy efficiency policy developments detailed in the Compendium. The Compendium serves to report on key energy developments, policy actions and sectoral goals and achievements of each APEC economy. Another possible indicator is the overall reduction of final energy intensity in the APEC region. Although this is recommendable, there are still many areas for further efficiency improvements.

There are still some challenges in implementing the recommendations, the following are deemed to be particularly significant.

1) Inadequate process for monitoring and evaluating energy efficiency programs, making it difficult to know how effective energy efficiency programs are, and how they can be improved. Therefore, the Follow-Up PREE was developed to monitor and evaluate the progress and to see how effective implemented programs are in the project economy.

2) Lack of infrastructure and human resources for technical tasks, such as standards setting and testing of products. The experts engaged in the Follow-Up PREE are advised to provide recommendations on how to improve infrastructure and human resources, for example, through providing case studies of education programs.

3) Lack of sufficient political will and support for more ambitious energy improvement measures. The Follow-Up PREE is an opportunity to mobilise political and public support for energy efficiency improvements in the economy.

The Follow-Up PREE was designed to address these challenges through improving monitoring process, enhancing capacity building and ultimately encouraging energy efficiency policy implementation.

First, the host economy will identify the sector to be focused in the Follow-Up PREE and APERC will nominate experts within the specific sector from APEC economies through EWG members (if necessary, international experts may also be invited). During the review, the stakeholders in the sector from the host economies and the experts are gathered together to have intensive discussions and provide thorough recommendations specific to the problematic sector including how to improve monitoring process and to enhance capacity building, ultimately encouraging energy efficiency policy implementation.

The PO will manage the effective implementation of the project. The draft review report to reflect the findings prepared by the review team will be presented at the EGEE&C meetings when it is ready. The achievements and recommendations will be reported in detail at the APERC workshops held in conjunction with subsequent EWG meeting to disseminate knowledge and experience of the previous PREE and Follow-up PREE. The implementation status of the project will also be presented at the plenary session of EWG meetings. The Peer Review will conclude with the presentation of a Final Draft Report at the EWG meeting for endorsement by member economies.

Project Overseers

The main points of contact responsible for this project are as follows,

Mr. Kazuhiro Kurumi of METI, in charge of general supervision

Ms. Yuko Tanaka of APERC, in charge of project coordination and monitoring

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Not Applicable.

Waivers

We would like to request waivers for the Phase 5 of PREE as well. This waiver allows energy efficiency experts who are government employees to receive air fare/accommodation/per diem expenses and to attend the field trips.

The government employees from non travel-eligible economies would play an important role in sharing experiences and knowledge of energy efficiency during the peer review.

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Total Project Value

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Topics

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Expected Start Date

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Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

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Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

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Direct Labour

Waivers

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