Project Title

APEC Low-Carbon Model Town (LCMT) Project - Phase 6 

Project Year

2015   

Project Number

EWG 01 2015A 

Project Session

Session 1   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

EWG 01 2015A 

Project Title

APEC Low-Carbon Model Town (LCMT) Project - Phase 6 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: Energy Efficiency 

Project Year

2015 

Project Session

Session 1 

APEC Funding

578,393 

Co-funding Amount

137,121 

Total Project Value

715,514 

Sponsoring Forum

Energy Working Group (EWG) 

Topics

Energy 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Japan; China; Korea; Singapore; Chinese Taipei; United States 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Australia; Brunei Darussalam; Canada; Chile; Hong Kong, China; Indonesia; Malaysia; Mexico; New Zealand; Papua New Guinea; Peru; Philippines; Russia; Thailand; Viet Nam 

Expected Start Date

01/08/2015 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2016 

Project Proponent Name 1

Masaomi Koyama (new PO wef 11 July 2017) 

Job Title 1

Director, Overseas Energy Infrastructure Office, International Affairs Division Agency for Natural Resources and Energy (ANRE) 

Organization 1

Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) 

Postal Address 1

1-3-1 Kasumigaseki Chiyoda-Ku, Tokyo, 100-8901 Japan 

Telephone 1

81-3 35010598 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

koyama-masaomi@meti.go.jp 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Masaomi Koyama 

Project Summary

The APEC Low-Carbon Model Town (LCMT) Project Phase 6 seeks to promote low-carbon town developments in order to manage rapidly growing energy consumption especially in residential or industrial areas in the APEC region. The key activities are; 1) to assess both technical and policy aspects of real low carbon town development projects and 2) to refine the “Concept of the Low-Carbon Town in the APEC Region”. Feasibility study will be conducted by qualified urban design consultants. The refinement of the “Concept” and policy review of selected low-carbon development projects will be conducted by experts from interested member economies and relevant Expert Groups under the APEC Energy Working Group (EWG). Nominating low-carbon town development is on a voluntary basis. The nomination of low-carbon town development is on a voluntary basis. A low-carbon town development project for feasibility study and policy review will be selected through the EWG.

Relevance

This project directly responds to the declaration at the 9th APEC Energy Ministers Meeting (EMM9), held in Fukui, Japan on 19 June 2010, where Ministers discussed low-carbon pathways to energy security through cooperative energy solutions for a sustainable APEC as well as growth strategies. Among several messages, they noted that introducing low-carbon technologies in city planning to boost energy efficiency and reduce fossil energy use is vital to manage rapidly growing energy consumption in urban areas of the Asia-Pacific region. In this context, APEC Energy Ministers agreed to launch an “APEC Low-Carbon Model Town (LCMT) Project” with a view to presenting successful models of coordinated advanced low-carbon technology use. This project is considered a priority projects for APEC.

The main objective of the APEC LCMT Project is CO2 emissions reduction. While local government and municipal officials are increasingly interested in developing low carbon towns, their main concerns are often alleviating urban problems such as traffic congestion, air/water pollution, waste management, and recycling used water. As such, these towns require some level of technical assistance to systematic plan and realize low-carbon town development. This includes setting quantitative low-carbon targets and base years, adopting low carbon indicator sets, selecting the most appropriate set of low-carbon measures considering the characteristics of the intended town, and evaluating the effects of the low carbon measures adopted.

Some elements of realizing low carbon development, and hence reducing CO2 emissions, include:

a) Improving energy intensity by increasing energy efficiency while reducing unnecessary energy consumption;

b) Finding investments to pay for low carbon development in  short/medium term;

c) Introducing renewable energy sources such as solar photovoltaic power generation;

d) Adopting advanced technology, which includes building energy management system (BEMS), electric vehicles, and smart grid systems; and

e) Implementing pilot facilities to test new technologies prior to commercial applications.

The APEC LCMT Project provides a dual financial benefit for towns, with opportunities to both obtain financial gain through, for example, reduced energy costs and future economic development from, for example, implementing new technologies.

This project is also directly linked to “building sustainable and resilient communities” (Rank 1) and “energy efficiency, energy security and energy resiliency including the development of low carbon technology and alternative energy sources” (Rank 2), which is because it aims to identify successful models for sustainable communities through coordinated usage of advanced low-carbon technologies.

Objectives

The key objectives of the project are:

1)  To refine the “Fifth Edition of the Concept of the Low-Carbon Town in the APEC Region” (the Concept). The Concept is a guideline for city planners and developers who wish to implement low-carbon town design. It includes case studies of other Low Carbon Towns in the APEC region, and incorporates practical methodologies for low-carbon town planning, design and technology. The Concept also includes guides for the “APEC Low-Carbon Town Indicators” (LCT-I), which helps evaluate the progress and status of low carbon development.

2)  To provide feasibility study and policy review of a low carbon development project selected for LCMT Phase 6; checking CO2 emissions reduction goals; verifying how to develop attractive and innovative development plans through the feasibility study; and making recommendation on low-carbon measures through policy review.

3)  To share best practices and real-world experiences of low-carbon town design with planners and policymakers throughout the APEC region.

Alignment

Regarding APEC’s key priorities, the APEC Leaders’ Growth Strategy, adopted at the APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting in Yokohama in 2010, calls for APEC to achieve five growths attributes, namely, Balanced, Inclusive, Sustainable, Innovative and Secure growth. Two of them, Sustainable Growth and Innovative Growth, directly apply to activities under the Energy Working Group (EWG). With regard to Sustainable Growth, the Leaders agreed that APEC needs to encourage new green industries and jobs and to help establish a low-carbon society in which APEC economies maintain economic growth as well as protect the environment. In terms of Innovative Growth, they agreed that APEC needs to adopt policies contributing to fostering environment for innovative growth that will be increasingly crucial for future prosperity; they specifically emphasized the need for innovation in new products and services that can enhance progress on critical global issues, including the environment and energy. The APEC LCMT Project Phase 6 will thus serve as one of the key building blocks of the APEC Leaders’ Growth Strategy. 

The LCMT Project, including Phase 6, is listed as an EWG deliverable in the EWG Strategic Plan for 2014-2018 for promoting energy efficiency and sustainable communities. In EMM9 the Energy Ministers instructed the EWG, through the LCMT Task Force, to develop the concept of a Low-Carbon Town, conduct feasibility studies to encourage creation of low-carbon communities in urban development plans and share best practices for realizing such communities.

Additionally, the APEC LCMT Project Phase 6 also works towards the APEC’s aggregate goals for doubling renewable energy share and for reducing energy intensity by 45% from 2005 levels by 2035. It does so by encouraging, educating and promoting awareness of low carbon and hence renewable and energy efficient policies and technologies in the APEC region.

TILF/ASF Justification

This project will assist capacity building in developing economies selected as case study towns for the Feasibility Study and Policy Review. The relevant government agency of the developing economy will be engaged to closely collaborating with APERC in preparing the energy data for the Feasibility Study, background information required for Policy Review, providing information to the expert policy review team, and provide input in to the draft policy review report. The Feasibility Study report and the Policy Review report on Phase 6 low-carbon project will facilitate capacity building of relevant government and municipality officials for overall low-carbon town planning processes and policy-related issues.

Other APEC developing economies benefit from learning best practices through dispatching their experts to Study Groups A and B, and participating in the LCMT Task Force (TF) meetings. Experts from developing economies under study group A will visit low-carbon development projects in the APEC region, find out the characteristics of each project, and provide input feedback into the Concept. Experts under Study Group B will visit selected case cities and identify the policy measures to promote low-carbon development project. Through these activities, experts from developing economies can learn best practices which might be applicable to their own economies. In addition, both the Feasibility Study and the Policy Review are specific to the intended low-carbon town project, however, the reports of the Feasibility Study and the Policy Review will also support capacity building for government and municipality officials in other APEC developing economies, since they can refer to these reports and apply them, if appropriate, to their own economies.

For this purpose, the LCMT TF meetings are planned alongside the EWG meetings (EWG49 and 50) to disseminate information about the APEC LCMT Project. This was done great success in Phase 1, 2, 3 and 4. The progress of Phase 5 is currently ongoing will also be reported at these meetings.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: Three reports will be published as the outputs of this project: “Sixth Edition of the Concept of the Low-Carbon Town in the APEC Region”, the Feasibility Study, and the Policy Review, which includes Recommendations towards effective implementation of LCT development in the APEC region.

In previous phases of this project different sectors were addressed, including CBD, residential, mixed use and industrial areas. LCMT Phase 6 will address a low-carbon development plan in cooperation with neighbouring cities, which was not fully covered by the previous phases. Many developed economies have established low carbon development plans, which provide guidelines for low-carbon or ‘low-carbon readied development’. For example, where there may not be funds to install solar panels, new houses are designed to maximize solar radiation potential, and for easy solar panel installation, for occasion when funds within the economy become available. This way, all development is geared toward maximizing low carbon development. In fact, low carbon development plans are rarely successful if they do not address the interconnection between neighbouring cities in regulation, waste management, commerce, industry and transportation. Repeatedly during the prior phases of the LCMT, experts recommended establishing low-carbon development plans in consultation with key stakeholders, as many recommendations, such as for public transport, may not be dependent on one city or area but may be used by several neighbouring cities/muncipatilites/council areas. Therefore, this phase aims to maximize the likelihood of uptake of low-carbon design as more stakeholders have buy-in on the process and it allows experts to address the interconnections between a city with major industrial and commercial functions and neighbouring residential cities.

Phase 1: Central Business Districts (CBD), The Yujiapu Central Business District Development Project in Tianjin, China, prioritizing green field development.

a) The Concept: although it was intended to be comprehensive, the content was mainly on green field development such as Yujiapu CBD.

b) The Feasibility Study was in Yujiapu CBD and focused on how to control the huge energy demand in a megalopolis. It is also discussed how to cope with black-outs and crimes in order to attract overseas investment in the new financial district.

c) The Policy Review produced 32 recommendations over several energy and low carbon related sectors.

Phase 2: Rural Resort Area Development, Samui Island in Thailand.

a) The Concept was refined based upon the experience in Samui Island and other island or resort areas. The revision included: low carbon land use, reduction of heat burden for buildings, and applying regulations for transportation, Examples of CO2 reduction in Japan, Electric vehicle, Area Energy Network, co-generation(CHP), use of untapped energy, Smart energy system were also included.

b) The Feasibility Study, was for Samui Island and recommended utilizing renewable energy sources such as photovoltaic, wind, small hydro, biomass, etc. “Eco-Lifestyle” was also proposed to visitors in this Low-Carbon island resort.

c)  The Policy Review enabled in-depth discussion between the Review Team and Stakeholders of the case town. As a result, more than 80 recommendations were proposed.

Phase 3: Redeveloping mixed-use urban districts, Da Nang, Viet Nam.

a) The Concept was further refined based upon the experience in Da Nang and other redevelopment projects of existing towns. The revisions included mechanism to monitor the progress toward the target of CO2 emission reduction, Greenery, Water treatment, Use of alternative fuel vehicles and eco-driving.

b) The Feasibility Study, various Low-Carbon measures were proposed like in Phase 1 and Phase 2. In addition, an action plan and a roadmap were drafted in order to realize those measures, in which the role of each relevant organizations was to be clarified

c) The Policy Review provided 75 policy recommendations. The Review Team prioritised recommendations into short-term issues, mid-term issues and long term issues in order to help policy makers and officials implement policy measures.

Phase 4: Residential areas, San Borja Municipality, Lima, Peru.

a) The Concept was further refined to include solid waste management based upon the experience in San Borja and LCTs in developed economies and Preliminary Study Results of Low-Carbon Town Indicator System to evaluate the quality and progress of each LCT project.

b) The Feasibility Study provided a high-level vision for making San Borja’s low-carbon development a model of low-carbon design in its sub-region including specific target for GHG emissions reduction.

c) The Policy Review is currently being finalised.

Phase 5: Industrial areas, Bitung City, Indonesia.

a) The Concept will be further refined to include any topics arising from the characteristics of the industrial area. At the same time, Low-Carbon Town Indicator System will be established as a part of the Concept, based upon Preliminary Study Results and Trial use by selected economies

b) The Feasibility Study in Bitung City will address adopting low carbon development in industrial towns

c) The Policy Review, will address the characteristics of Bitung City as an industrial town.

d) Study Group A visited Adelaide and Melbourne in Australia, Auckland and Palmerston North in New Zealand as well as Santiago in Chile to investigate the low-carbon measures in southern hemisphere, which were not covered in the previous phases.

Phase 6:    A low-carbon development plan in cooperation with neighbouring cities. It will be selected based on the prior experiences in previous phases.

a) The Concept will be further refined to reflect low carbon development in the project site. As the Liaison status of EWG Low-Carbon Model Town Task Force in the Working Group 2 of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) was approved in February 2015 from the APEC Secretariat, the project will send the representative under the guidance of EWG to exchange information and incorporate the Low-Carbon Town Indicator System into ISO standards.

b) The Feasibility Study in Phase 6 will address low carbon development in cooperation with surrounding cities.

c) The Policy Review in Phase 6 will provide policy recommendations for low carbon development in the target areas.

d) Study Group A is planned for towns in Russia and Korea and will look at energy use in cold weather regions for incorporation into the Sixth Edition of the Concept.

The Feasibility Study report and the Policy Review report will address Phase 6 target areas. However, they can be used as references for other LCT projects, especially those at planning low-carbon development in cooperation with neighbouring cities, as well as further refining the Concept. The established Indicator System in the Concept has far-reaching effects, as it enables continuous improvement in LCT projects in the longer term.

Outcomes: The reports of the Feasibility Study and the Policy Review are useful for the site of Phase 6in improving and elaborating its LCT development plan and supporting policy measures. The developers and the policy planners for the LCT project in Phase 6 are required to revise their plans and policies to upgrade the quality of their LCT project.

These reports are also useful for case towns/cities and other APEC member economies, as they encourage low-carbon communities. Through sharing best practices and recommendations in various case towns/cities studied in the project, the economies interested can see appropriate pathways towards becoming low-carbon communities.

In addition, APEC Low-Carbon Town Indicator (LCT-I) System could be a guideline to create low-carbon towns and properly evaluate existing ones. In the LCMT Phase 4, the preliminary study results of the APEC LCT-I System was introduced as a part of the refinement of the Concept and is being reconsidered in Phase 5. The APEC LCT-I System will be applied to low-carbon development projects including the case towns/cities in the previous phases of the LCMT for a sensitivity analysis. After a careful examination of its sensitivity analysis and discussion with experts, the LCMT project expects the APEC LCT-I System to be an internationally accredited standard for low-carbon towns in cooperation with International Organization for Standardization (ISO). The wide spread use of the APEC LCT-I System will accelerate the shift to the development of low-carbon towns and its standardization will help increase the number of proper low-carbon towns.

Just like as the previous phases, the progress and the result of APEC LCMT Project will be reported to the Expert Group on New and Renewable Energy Technology (EGNRET) for seeking input from expert and disseminate the information. Especially for the Indicator system, the workshop will be planned in the later phase in order to educate the relevant policymakers how to use the Indicator system. As for the Indicator system, the linkage with international standardization process will be explored to further disseminate the usefulness of the system beyond the APEC region.  

Beneficiaries: The most obvious beneficiaries of the Phase 6 of LCMT Project will be the local government officials and the planners of the low-carbon development project, who will gain valuable advice on how to design an attractive and innovative low-carbon development project. The Feasibility Study could provide specific guidance on the selection of mitigation measures in building, electricity supply, transport sector, etc. based on the analysis that will be provided of CO2 reductions and investment costs for each of the measures. The Feasibility Study can also be used as a checklist for what needs to be done in each phase of the project, including planning, design, construction and operation. Local governments can use this same information to track the implementation of the low-carbon town development project. The project outputs will be beneficial not only for local government officials, but also for the central government officials in promoting low-carbon town development elsewhere in the host economy.

This project also provides guidance to anyone who may be involved in the design of urban development projects, including government officials and planners throughout the APEC region. Planners and officials will benefit both from the :Concept of the Low-Carbon Town” as a guidebook for low carbon development and from the example of the low-carbon town development including the results of the Feasibility Study and the policy recommendations made through the Policy Review. All the findings and outcome of the project will be shared at the LCMT TF meetings and through the website, which allows government officials and other relevant stakeholders to know appropriate measures toward low-carbon town development.

The indicator to evaluate low-carbon towns which is now under consideration will be used to monitor the progress of implementation of possible measures proposed in the Feasibility Study and the Policy Review.

In general, beneficiaries are central/local government officials responsible for low-carbon town policies as well as municipality officials and/or city planners who are directly responsible for low carbon town developments in the Asia-Pacific region. They could be directly engaged by participating in the Study Group A and B. Indirectly, they will be engaged by attending seminars or workshops where the results of the LCMT Phase 6 will be presented as was the case of LCMT Phases 1-5. Developing a low carbon town relates closely to the way the life of the town will be in the future and therefore citizens living and working in the town are also stakeholders. They will be engaged when public assessment is conducted for the low carbon development plan of their towns.

Dissemination

The ‘Concept’, the Feasibility Study Report and the Policy Review will be published on the APEC and APERC websites. They will also be presented in LCMT TF meetings held in conjunction with EWG meetings. The Reports are also provided to industrial groups, local governments and universities with which the experts meet during Study Group A. APERC will continue to seek any opportunities to disseminate the achievement and findings of the LCMT project in international/domestic conferences where we have been or will be invited.

The target audiences are the local government officials and the planners of the low-carbon development project as well as provincial and central governments officials responsible for low-carbon town development in host economy.

However, government officials across the APEC region, who are responsible for low-carbon town development in their economies, are also beneficiary target audiences of this project.

There is no intention to sell these outputs.

Gender

We had many female participants in the previous phase LCMT projects. However, we will continue to encourage economies to nominate both women and men as experts in the LCMT Phase 6.

Studies have shown that climate change exacerbates gender inequality as women, especially in less developed economies, are more affected by the impacts of climate change. For example, women are more likely to die in natural disasters and large scale climate events than men, which increase in frequency and potency as climate change continues (see e.g., http://pubs.iied.org/pdfs/10117IIED.pdf). Projects such as the APEC LCMT Project actively aim to reduce the impacts on climate change in the APEC region. Accordingly, low-carbon development is likely to have a positive impact to the benefit of women.

Gender issues within the energy sector will be integrated into the final report.

Work Plan

1) The Concept was developed under LCMT Phase 1, and refined in Phase 2-5, and will be further refined in the Phase 6 by Study Group A through studying best practices being implemented in APEC economies. Study Group A visits planned or on-going low-carbon town development projects to further develop and refine the Concept. In Phase 6, this methodology will be maintained; the concept will be further refined during the first half of 2016; experts and participants will visit sites in the middle of 2016, and will complete refining the Concept in the second half of 2016. The deliverable will be updated “Concept of the Low-Carbon Town in the APEC Region” and reported in the EWG meeting.

In order to incorporate the APEC Low-Carbon Town Indicator (LCT-I) System into the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), the project requested and approved the Liaison status of the EWG LCMT-TF in the Working Group 2 (WG2) of ISO Technical Committee 268 (TC268) in February 2015 from the APEC Secretariat. The APEC representative will continuously participate in TC268/WG2 which discusses the standardization of city indicators and works to globally standardize a system of indicators for evaluating cities. The tentative schedule of TC268/WG2 is as follows;

a) September 2015: Sweden

b)  January 2016: USA

c)  June 2016: Mexico

d) September 2016: TBD

2) After selecting relevant candidate low-carbon town development project through the EWG, a consultant for conducting feasibility study will be selected by an international open tender in the second half of 2015. The feasibility study will start in the end of 2015 and it will take around 10 months to compile a comprehensive report. Policy review will be carried out by Study Group B after the completion of the feasibility study in 2016. The deliverables will be a feasibility study report and a policy review report respectively. The reports will later be submitted to the APEC secretariat and published in the APERC website. In the Phase 6, main focus will be a low-carbon development plan in cooperation with neighbouring cities, which was not fully covered by the previous phases.

3) The Asia-Pacific Energy Research Centre (APERC) will coordinate the work of Study Group A and Study Group B under the direction of the Agency for Natural Resources and Energy, the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI), Japan. APERC will also monitor the progress on a regular basis and take appropriate action in the event that progress is not satisfactory.

4) APEC LCT-I system will be finalized and the guideline will be also established to be widely utilized by APEC economies.

Risks

The key risks of this project are:

a) The refinement of "the Concept of the Low-Carbon Town in APEC region does not meet expected quality.  APERC, as an executant of this project, will avoid this risk by encouraging members of Study Group A to make positive contributions to the work, for example, providing best low-carbon measures in practice in their economies.

b) The Feasibility Study report of the Phase 6 low-carbon development project is ineffective.   PO and APERC as an executant of this project will avoid this risk by contributing the selecting process of a qualified consultant who not only has expertise in various low-carbon measures and technologies, but also has a deep understanding of the selected project, through a competitive tender. PO and APERC will also monitor the progress of implementation of the LCMT Project periodically.

c)  Necessary energy related data to conduct Feasibility Study is lacking.  APERC will closely work with the relevant government agency, and ask them to prepare and provide the necessary energy data for Feasibility Study in a timely manner.

d) A Policy Review report of the Phase 6 low-carbon development project is ineffective.

APERC will avoid this risk by closely communicating with relevant agency to provide necessary background information required for the Policy Review.

Monitoring and Evaluation

In the LCMT Phase 4, the APEC LCT-I System was drafted as a part of the refinement of the Concept, while the LCT-I System is being finalised and the guideline is under construction in the phase 5. In the phase 5, trials in the previous case town are undertaken, and the results of progress since the project implementation in previous phases will be checked. The LCT-I System will be recommended to apply to forthcoming case towns/cities in the LCMT Phase 6. Once the guidelines are established, the government officials and policy makers can implement the low-carbon measures and monitor the progress by themselves based on the guidelines. The LCT-I System includes both quantitative and qualitative indicators in the areas of energy, environment, resources and governance.

The PO and APERC will be monitoring the progress of the project on a regular basis, and will take appropriate action in the event that progress is not satisfactory.  The LCMT TF will also be monitoring the overall progress of the project and can recommend appropriate changes to the project plan if results are not of the expected quality. The schedule of Study Group A and B and the preparation of draft reports will be used as an indicator to monitor if the project is on track or not. The number of attendees at a possible LCMT Workshop is expected to be around 50 attendees, where outcomes of the LCMT Phase 6 Project are to be presented, will be used as an indicator to assess whether the project is successful or not in terms of knowledge sharing. These outcomes will be reviewed by the EWG members and posted on APEC and APERC websites. APERC website hits will be logged as another indicator to show the project is successful or not. The number of website visits during the past one year is 2,954.

The quality of the Concept will be measured by the number of refined points based upon the new findings through site visits by Study Group A.

The quality of the Feasibility Study will be measured by its clear set of CO2 emissions reduction targets with direct as well as indirect indicators, and its carbon reduction measures with their quantitative contributions to CO2 reductions. The quality of the Policy Review will be measured by the number of policy recommendations covering wide range of policy issues in the intended low-carbon town.  For example, in the case of Phase 3 at Da Nang, Viet Nam low-carbon town development project, the CO2 reduction targets are 20% in 2020 and 30% in 2030 respectively, and 75 recommendations were made in total covering CO2 reduction goals for town structure, low-carbon building, transportation, area energy management system, untapped energy, renewable energy and waste management.

The quality of the Feasibility Study report and the Policy Review report will also be measured by collecting feedback from the relevant government and municipality officials in the intended town. Energy and low carbon development impact nearly all areas of central and local government ranging from waste management, to school education, electricity supply, transport, planning, and investment. Accordingly, depending on the make-up of a given government, the feedback is most likely to come from energy and environmental departments, with some liaisons with such departments as transport.

The indicator to evaluate low-carbon towns which is now under reconsideration will be used to assess and to promote the implementation of possible measures proposed in the Feasibility Study and the Policy Review.

Linkages

While the APEC LCMT projects focus on developing economies, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) mainly focuses on developed countries in its Green Cities Programme. Since the LCMT Phase 3 and 4, OECD experts on the Programme were invited to join in the Study Group A or B in order to share their knowledge and experience in environmentally friendly urban development. In addition, as for the APEC LCT-I System, active discussion was carried out with experts of International Organization for Standardization (ISO) on possible contribution by the APEC LCT-I System to international standardization of city indicators.

The PO will establish the linkage with the previous phases through inviting experts/stakeholders involved in the previous phases to Study Groups in Phase 6. The PO is also planning to establish the linkage to other LCMT projects by requesting report the results to the LCMT TF. In this connection, the result of many related projects in China is expected to be summarized and reported by newly established APEC Sustainable Energy Centre (APSEC) based in Tianjin, China.

Sustainability

The intention of this Low-Carbon Model Town Project is to provide real-life model towns that will be viewed as good examples of low-carbon town development planning. These towns will last for many decades, and they will be open for anyone to see. The towns themselves are, therefore, likely to be the most enduring legacy of this project. If these towns are successful, they will attract the attention of urban planners and policymakers throughout the world, who will visit them, hear about them from each other, and read about them in professional and popular publications. In particular, the site towns become educational tools for neighbouring towns. The Policy Reviews contain recommendations for awareness and education programs so that the chosen town becomes a learning tool for neighbouring areas to encourage low carbon development elsewhere in the economy. The EWG could ask the host economy to prepare a short follow-up presentation after the publication of the Policy Reviews including the utilisation of the LCT-I System.

These people will naturally want to replicate the success of the Low-Carbon Towns in their own communities, and so the concept will spread.  For example, while the Da Nang report largely focused on the Ngu Hanh Son district, it also provided recommendations for Da Nang as a whole. Other areas of Da Nang, such as Lien Chieu Industrial Zone are looking to implement GHG reductions through holding workshops and developing action plans. The reports produced by the project—the guidebook ‘Concept of the Low-Carbon Town’, the Feasibility Study, and the Policy Review Reports —are available on the APEC and APERC website to provide guidance on how it is done. Everyone involved in the project, including the experts from many economies who served on the Study Group A and B and in the Feasibility Study, is potentially available to assist with further efforts. The number of website hits will be checked as a possible indicator to measure the impacts of the projects. Low-carbon planning can take many years for an economy to implement. The LCMT Task Force could consider conducting follow-up after the Policy Review to understand progress and to provide further assistance if needed.

On 17 November 2014, the 8th Meeting of LCMT TF was held in conjunction with EWG 48 meeting, in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea. The refinement of the “Concept of the Low-Carbon Town”, draft feasibility study report for San Borja, Peru and the progress of LCMT Phase 5 were presented. 45 participants of EWG meeting attended the TF meeting and lively discussions were made.  A LCMT workshop is planned to be held at the EWG meeting where outcomes of the LCMT Phase 6, especially established the APEC LCT-I System, be presented to the EWG participants. The reaction of the EWG participants will also be some sort of an indicator to see their interests and the quality of the project outcomes.

In the Phase 4 Feasibility Study, the measures proposed will help San Borja achieve 27% GHG emissions reduction compared to its 2012 baseline by 2021 if they’re adopted. The experiences in the previous LCMT phases are shared at the APEC related meetings including EWG and the LCMT TF will contribute to the improvement of the works in the Phase 6.

APERC and the PO will follow with provincial and the central government officials to see how the Concept of the Low-Carbon Town in the APEC region, the Feasibility Study and the Policy Review are being used at EWG meetings, the LCMT TF, APEC Expert Meetings, and the APERC Annual Conference. Site visits by Study Group A are also an opportunity to follow-up to see how these LCMT outputs are being used in economies.

As mentioned above, the PO will explore the linkage with ISO for the LCT-I System. Started from phase 5, the APEC representative will exchange information with ISO using an external liaison scheme in ISO and continuously attend related ISO meetings to incorporate LCT-I into the ISO standard.

The PO will consider the appropriate time to review and assess progress in the APEC LCMT Project when the APEC LCT-I System becomes fully available for APEC economies. The availability of the APEC LCT-I System may fundamentally change the process of the APEC LCMT Project.

Project Overseers

The main points of contact responsible for this project are as follows,

Mr. Kazuhiro Kurumi of METI, in charge of general supervision.

Ms. Yuko Tanaka of APERC, in charge of project coordination and monitoring.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Not Applicable.

Waivers

We would like to request a waiver for LCMT Phase 6. This waiver allows low-carbon energy experts who are government employees from non-travel eligible economies to receive air fare/accommodation/ per diem expenses. They would play an important role in sharing experiences and knowledge of energy efficiency during the peer review.

We would also like to request a waiver for the payment of the expenses for the field trips which are the indispensable elements for the implementation of the project.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Version: 6.0 
Created at 28/07/2015 16:04  by Lucy Phua 
Last modified at 11/07/2017 11:47  by Lucy Phua 
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Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
Attachments
Content Type: Standard Proposal
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