Project Title

APEC-Air Traffic Management Emissions Reduction Project 

Project Year

2014   

Project Number

TPT 03 2014A 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Completed Project   
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Project No.

TPT 03 2014A 

Project Title

APEC-Air Traffic Management Emissions Reduction Project 

Project Status

Completed Project 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: Energy Efficiency 

Project Year

2014 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

24,800 

Co-funding Amount

400,000 

Total Project Value

424,800 

Sponsoring Forum

Transportation Working Group (TPTWG) 

Topics

Transportation 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

United States 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Hong Kong, China; Philippines; Singapore; Thailand; Viet Nam 

Expected Start Date

01/10/2014 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2015 

Project Proponent Name 1

Jim Spillane (new PO wef 27 July 2015) 

Job Title 1

FAA APEC Representative 

Organization 1

US FAA 

Postal Address 1

27 Napier Road, Singapore 258508 

Telephone 1

65-64769320 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

Jim.Spillane@faa.gov 

Project Proponent Name 2

Henry Steingass 

Job Title 2

USTDA Director/APEC 

Organization 2

United States Trade and Development Agency (USTDA) 

Postal Address 2

1000 Wilson Blvd, ste 1600, Arlington VA 22209, USA 

Telephone 2

1-703 8754357 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

hsteingass@ustda.gov 

Declaration

Jim Spillane and Henry Steingass 

Project Summary

The project will reduce regional emissions and fuel consumption in the Asia-Pacific region by implementing new aviation air traffic techniques for multiple economies.  The project responds to the mandate from the Transport and Energy Ministerial meeting to “modernize air traffic management to reduce the environmental footprint.” 

One of the most effective means of reducing aviation emissions is through the use of modern Air Traffic Flow Management (ATFM).  This project is a follow-on to the highly-successful APEC study in Thailand and Malaysia and will extend performance improvements to a much larger region. For this cycle, we will analyse the potential benefits of implementing ATFM in Viet Nam and the Philippines, with connectivity to neighbouring economies. 

With the reduction of aviation sector fuel consumption (and, consequently, transportation costs) as its goals, this project will also support the commitment by Leaders and efforts by APEC’s Committee on Trade and Investment (CTI) to achieve an APEC-wide target of a 10% improvement in supply-chain performance by 2015, in terms of reductions in the time, cost, and uncertainty of moving goods and services throughout the region.

Relevance

The reduction of carbon emissions is a primary objective for both the APEC Transportation and Energy Working Groups.  At the APEC Transport and Energy Ministerial Meeting in September 2011, Ministers directed the TPTWG and EWG to cooperate on best practices for the modernization of air traffic management to limit or reduce the environmental footprint for all phases of flight. 

This project will address one of the most cost-effective means to reduce aviation emissions in the APEC region.   By reducing en route times, airborne holding, and airport queuing delays, Air Traffic Management Modernization, to include Traffic Flow Management and Collaborative Decision Making tools and procedures, can reduce emissions up to 15 percent in congested airspace without the need for extensive research or investment in new aircraft avionics. 

With the reduction of aviation sector fuel consumption and, consequently, transportation costs as its goals, this project will also support the commitment by Leaders and efforts by APEC’s Committee on Trade and Investment (CTI) to achieve an APEC-wide target of a ten percent improvement in supply-chain performance by 2015, in terms of reductions in the time, cost, and uncertainty of moving goods and services throughout the region. 

The project is strongly linked to Rank 2, via Promoting Green Growth, and Promotion of Energy Efficiency. 

This project also impacts Rank 1 objectives, as it improves Travel Facilitation, especially across economy borders.  Furthermore, the project will increase Supply Chain Connectivity with improved aviation traffic flow.

Objectives

The main objectives of this project are as follows:

- Work with host economies to estimate environmental and economic benefits of optimizing aviation traffic flow by managing flow rates through common aviation sector supply chain choke points. Consider methods to achieve demand/capacity balancing at target airports within the host economies, and/or with overhead flights.

- Develop recommendations for initial steps of deploying an ATFM system and/or CDM tools and procedures within each of the two host economies, to enhance understanding of the benefits of the traffic flow improvements.

- Present results to host economies and APEC economies at a workshop, combined with sharing experiences from select APEC economies.  This will help propagate the methods throughout the region.

Alignment

Ministerial Statements, as well as the Lead Shepherd, through Policy Direction letters at TPTWG meetings, directed modal experts groups to develop green projects that will reduce emissions across all modes of transportation.  This project directly addresses the Transportation and Energy Ministerial Action Statement from 2011. 

The project was originated by the Aviation Safety Experts Subgroup, whose Work Plan includes goals of using advanced technologies and procedures to increase efficiencies in the air traffic system across APEC. 

In addition to reducing aviation emissions, Collaborative Decision Making (CDM) provides numerous benefits to both the airlines and passengers.   Effective use of CDM tools and procedures in the host economies will ensure that all aviation stakeholders participate in the system improvements and that all parties benefit (including airlines, passengers, airports, air navigation system providers, business aviation, and cargo aviation).

TILF/ASF Justification

The developing economies in APEC are experiencing growth that exceeds the ability for their aviation infrastructure to keep pace.  Numerous studies have shown that aviation transportation (cargo and passengers) is tightly linked with economic growth.  The failure to meet fast-growing aviation capacity growth demands in developing economies will result in stymied economic progression in those developing APEC economies.

ATFM-CDM is used to maximize throughput and aircraft capacity for airports and en route airspace.  By maximizing capacity to meet aviation user demands, ATFM-CDM ensures the delivery of passengers and goods for economic wellbeing, while reducing emissions via efficiency gains. Because all airspace is allocated, this project provides one of the few methods for economies to increase aviation capacity, which in turn increases overall transport capacity.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs:

The project outputs will include a tailored report with explanation of the efficiency and capacity benefits for critical airspace and operations in the host economies; and recommendations for initial steps for the implementation of systems and procedures for ATFM-CDM at host economies’ sites.  The report recommendations will enable the host economies to make the initial steps to deploy ATFM-CDM in order to reduce aviation emissions and meet expanding capacity demands on the system.

Developing economies who share boarders with the Philippines and Viet Nam will be funded with APEC assistance to attend a workshop where the consulting team will review the processes, results, and recommendations (this will include China, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, and Vietnam).  Other developing APEC economies will be funded to attend as well to the extent of available funds.  In addition, all APEC member economies are encouraged to attend the workshop and will be responsible for providing their own travel costs.

Outcomes:  

The reports, the workshop, and knowledge disseminated by this project will help guide the APEC region on air traffic flow management in a manner that will accelerate the progress for developing economies.  The overall objective is to increase airborne efficiency, resulting in reduced fuel burn per flight, lower emissions, and less passenger delays.  Based on the previous APEC program with Malaysia and Thailand, and based on other global applications of ATFM/CDM, the initiative can save up to 15% in fuel and emissions during the arrival segment of flight, and up to 5% during en route operations.  Malaysia and Thailand constraints were shown to focus on the terminal areas of Kuala Lumpur and Bangkok.   We expect traffic flow issues in Vietnam and Philippines to be different and to include issues outside of major city terminals (e.g., Vietnam reportedly has traffic flow issues with overflights between China and SE Asia; Philippines experiences high levels of crossing traffic at altitude). 

Air Traffic Flow Management is being pursued by a few critical APEC economies, but is a priority program that must be implemented on a region-wide level to maximize benefits.  In order for the program to be effective, the process and procedures must be implemented across economy borders.  This program will specifically help those developing economies that need to adopt the processes sooner. 

Beneficiaries:  

Beneficiaries include:  Aviation passengers in the APEC economies; Airline operators; Cargo transport; Air Navigation Service Providers, and Airport Authorities; APEC Leaders and Trade Ministers who are committed to realizing a ten percent improvement in supply-chain performance by 2015, in terms of reductions in the time, cost, and uncertainty of moving goods and services throughout the region. 

The direct beneficiaries of this project will be the APEC economies that choose to participate in the program.  The host economies will be the primary beneficiaries as the project recommendations will be targeted to improve fuel efficiency and operational capacity for airspace within the host economies.  More specifically, the beneficiaries will be the host economies’ CAA, the air navigation service provider, the airport operator, the primary airports (in Manila, Ho Chi Minh City, and Hanoi), the air operators (cargo and passenger airlines), and passengers.  In addition, the co-sponsor participants will benefit from first-hand participation in the data collection, analysis, and report generation.  The principles applied to ATFM-CDM in the host economies are applicable to co-sponsoring economies aviation systems and can be extended to aid other APEC economies.

Dissemination

The custom reports for Vietnam and Philippines on ATFM benefits and implementation recommendations will be distributed at the TPTWG Aviation Experts Work Group meeting that follows the program conclusion in 2015.  The report will go to all APEC member economies. 

Results and recommendations from the report will be further disseminated at the Workshop that this project will sponsor in the Philippines.  The primary target audience for both the reports and the workshop consists of all APEC economies with airspace borders adjacent to either Vietnam or the Philippines.  Project information will have considerable value to all APEC members.

Gender

Participation in the program, site visits, and briefings are open to male and female participants alike and economies are encouraged to nominate participants from both genders to be a part in the site visits.  Host economies will be encouraged to nominate female employees of the CAA and ANSP to join the site visits to gain new knowledge of ATFM-CDM processes, issues, and benefits. 

To encourage female participation in the site visits and in the final workshops, the host country Liaison Officers will be asked to submit a participation list in advance to the Project Overseer, noting gender of attendees.   The PO will work directly with the LOs to help increase female participation in the site visits.  In advance of the Final Workshop, the travelling companies will submit names of workshop delegates to USTDA and to the PO.

Work Plan

Oct - Nov 2014

Phase 1a: USTDA releases RFP to select a  project consultant.

Dec 2014 - Jan 2015

Phase 1b: USTDA secures consultant contract.  Evaluation and selection is via a competitive process in accordance with USTDA rules.

March 2015

Consultant, USTDA, and PO agree to a final set of Terms of Reference for the program.

The Contractor shall submit a report to USTDA that identifies the Contractor Team Leader; supporting Contractor staff, the CAAV LO, CAAP LO and establishes the site visit dates and locations for Philippines and Vietnam.

April 2015

The Contractor shall finalize a detailed methodology and work plan that it will undertake to estimate the environmental and efficiency benefits of ATFM and CDM tool usage in the national airspace of the Philippines and Vietnam, including overflights, and with particular attention to the principal aviation hubs of Manila, Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City (“study area’), as well as the related technology and system requirements for the CAAP and CAAV.  The airspace shall include terminal areas; traffic flow corridors between city pairs; and nearby terminals/airspace as appropriate to optimize air traffic in the Vietnam/Philippines sub-region.  Analysis shall include both domestic and international air traffic.

June 2015

Liaison Officers provide traffic flow data information in advance of site visits from subject matter expert team.

June 2015 – July 2015

Phase 2a:  Consultant will work with Viet Nam and Philippines to study traffic flow patterns and inefficiency issues in the current system.  The contractor will look at means to improve aviation efficiency by applying ATFM/CDM processes and systems and by including collaborative decision making with all stakeholders.
 

Sept 2015 – Oct 2015

The Contractor shall evaluate the potential environmental benefits and negative impacts of ATFM and CDM implementation in the study area based on its technical assessment from the site visits, as well as on studies and data available in the public domain.  For any negative impacts identified, the Contractor shall recommend mitigation strategies.

Phase 2b: Consultant compiles a Final Report on the completed project work  and prospects for further ATFM and CDM work in the selected economies.

Nov - 2015

Phase 3: Consultant participates in a technical workshop to present the study process and results with developing APEC economies, to include: China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam (with funding APEC support).  All APEC economies may attend.

Nov 2016

USTDA will conduct follow-up surveys with the subject economies to monitor and asses the effectiveness of the project.  Although the USTDA follow-up surveys are beyond the official life of the APEC project, the AEG team will still collect the information from USTDA and report status at future meetings, and will provide survey reports to the APEC Secretariat.   USTDA surveys will be designed to collect information from Vietnam, Philippines, and from the U.S. members of the ATFM Steering Committee to determine the steps taken from the Vietnam and Philippines air services providers in implementing ATFM-CDM procedures.

Risks

Risk

Mitigation Strategy

Host economies and/or participants back out of program (low risk)

The host economies are already identified and confirmed for the project cycle.  The project overseer will continue to coordinate with the host economies to ensure the project meets expectations.  The consultant (when under contract) will work with the host economies to tailor the terms of reference to provide value to the host economies.

Expert Consultant does not bid on program (funding allocation may not attract interest or investment to bid) (medium risk)

The project overseer will continue to monitor the market to ensure that viable experts are available to bid on the program. 

Political/climatic conditions are volatile and could prevent team from making a site visit. (low risk)

The team members will request their respective government agency mission(s) to conduct risk assessment; consult intelligence sources; consider threat assessment; consider liability issues; and review any travel warnings for host economies.
 

Funding shortfalls limit the attendees at final workshop

(medium risk)

This risk is primarily being mitigated by the joint use of APEC travel funds and USTDA self-funding to help key economies travel to the Philippines for the final workshop.

Monitoring and Evaluation

The PO will establish target dates for completing all primary tasks associated with the project. Primary tasks include USTDA securing a consultant to perform the project, and the consultant identifying at least one ATFM-CDM expert to join the team from the host economy.  The PO will work with the consultant to establishing dates for visits to the host economies, develop terms of reference and scope of work for the project.  The PO will monitor the consultant to ensure the team conducts the steps listed in the work plan above.  In addition, USTDA contract requirements stipulates a Statement of Work (already developed) with specific deliverables; and USTDA is required to assess deliverables in accordance with procurement laws. 

After the official project term is concluded, USTDA will continue monitoring and evaluation by conducting follow-up surveys with the subject economies to monitor and asses the effectiveness of the project.  Although the USTDA follow-up surveys are beyond the official life of the APEC project, the AEG team will still collect the information from USTDA and report status at future meetings, and will provide survey reports to the APEC Secretariat.  USTDA surveys will be designed to collect information from Vietnam, Philippines, and from the U.S. members of the ATFM Steering Committee to determine the steps taken from the Vietnam and Philippines air services providers in implementing ATFM-CDM procedures.

Linkages

Although this project was endorsed by the TPTWG, the results are also relevant to the EWG (in accordance with the TEMC action paper) and the results will be shared with the EWG.

Stakeholders will be engaged in the planning process, the site visits, and at the final workshop to explain the results and applicability to all APEC economies.

Sustainability

The impact of the work conducted on this project is intended to grow and to continue for many years.  The final deliverable will consist of an analysis of benefits and recommended steps for the host economies to initiate the implementation of ATFM-CDM processes and systems; so in that regard this APEC project is merely the beginning of the long-term evolution for the host economies.  Civil Aviation Experts from the proposing economy.

 (U.S.) will make themselves available for guidance beyond the end point of this funding cycle and will continue to advise the host economies.  In addition, the host economies can contract the expert consultant used on this project; as well as seek support from other ATFM-CDM consultants. 

Results of this project will be conveyed to the Asia Pacific Air Traffic Flow Management Steering Committee by U.S. members of the committee (will not require additional APEC funding) The Steering Committee meets twice per year and will discuss follow-up progress on this subject directly with air traffic flow experts from each economy.  The previous APEC ATFM program with Thailand and Malaysia increased awareness of the need for regional work on this subject and raised interaction of APEC economies with the Asia-Pac ATFM Steering Committee.   After the Vietnam and Philippines study is concluded and shared with the Asia-Pack ATFM Steering Committee, the APEC AEG will invite ATFM Steering Committee Members to attend future AEG meetings and give updates on progress. 

As result of previous work, the ATFM Steering Committee has endorsed a tripartite set of trials between Thailand, Singapore, and Hong Kong.   Although the APEC AEG cannot guarantee or direct specific action on the ATFM Steering Committee, the results of this study may enable Vietnam and Philippines to join the existing tripartite effort.  In fact, it was the ATFM Steering Committee Members who reviewed the early Concept Note and recommended that Vietnam and Philippines be the target study areas; because they were seen as existing gaps in the progression.

Because USTDA is providing self-funding for this program, that organization is also required to conduct follow-up surveys with the subject economies to monitor and asses the effectiveness of the project.  Although the USTDA follow-up surveys are beyond the official life of the APEC project, the AEG team will still collect the information from USTDA and report status at future meetings, and will provide survey reports to the APEC Secretariat.   USTDA surveys will be designed to collect information from Vietnam, Philippines, and from the U.S. members of the ATFM Steering Committee to determine the steps taken from the Vietnam and Philippines air services providers in implementing ATFM-CDM procedures.

Project Overseers

The Project Overseer will be Donald Ward, Senior International Representative, Office of International Affairs, Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), United States. Mr. Ward covers Southeast Asia, Australia, and New Zealand in his role as an FAA representative and is familiar with the TPTWG and AEG. Mr. Ward is the primary assistant to Emily White, Chairwoman for the TPTWG Aviation Experts Group.  Mr. Ward has held international assignments for the past five years and has twenty years of experience with the FAA. Mr. Ward is a certified Program Management Professional by the Program Management Institute, and was previously the FAA Director for Air Traffic Flow Management Programs. 

The co-Project Overseer will be Henry Steingass, Regional Director for South and Southeast Asia, and concurrently Transport Sector Team Leader, US Trade Development Agency (USTDA). Mr. Steingass oversees the agency’s work supporting APEC priorities as well as the agency’s portfolio of project planning and technical assistance investments designed to help developing economies in the Southeast and South Asia regions develop sustainable infrastructure.  He will oversee the contract for the lead technical consultant for the project.  Mr. Steingass has over 14 years history of success in USTDA working on technical cooperation grants and contracts to support developing economies.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

All direct labor costs for the expert consultant will be self-funded by USTDA.

Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Version HistoryVersion History

Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
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