Project Title

Systematic Design of Green Skills Development in Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) 

Project Year

2014   

Project Number

HRD 01 2014A 

Project Session

Session 1   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Completed Project   
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Project No.

HRD 01 2014A 

Project Title

Systematic Design of Green Skills Development in Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) 

Project Status

Completed Project 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: Energy Efficiency 

Project Year

2014 

Project Session

Session 1 

APEC Funding

199,999 

Co-funding Amount

13,400 

Total Project Value

213,399 

Sponsoring Forum

Human Resource Development Working Group (HRDWG) 

Topics

Human Resources Development 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

China 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Russia; Chinese Taipei; Thailand 

Expected Start Date

01/07/2014 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2015 

Project Proponent Name 1

Luo Ping 

Job Title 1

Director, Division of International Organisations 

Organization 1

Department of International Cooperation and Exchange, Ministry of Education 

Postal Address 1

No. 37 Damucang Hutong, Xidan, Beijing 100816, China 

Telephone 1

86-10 66096394 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

luop@moe.edu.cn 

Project Proponent Name 2

Gao Ying 

Job Title 2

Deputy Director General 

Organization 2

Central Institute for Vocational and Technical Education 

Postal Address 2

Fusheng Dasha, Huixindongjie, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100029, China 

Telephone 2

86-10 58556703 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

gymoe@126.com 

Declaration

Luo Ping and Gao Ying 

Project Summary

TVET is closely related to people’s employment, sustainable development of economy and society. It is in urgent need of systematic design of green skills development in TVET. This project wishes to put forward list of TVET new green skills specialties offering, general  contents of ”green skills” as the essential part of TVET specialties” objectives, and to  establish international cooperation and exchange network of green skills development. The main activities include a inception workshop and a mid-term workshop (October 2014, and July 2015); literature review and TVET green skills specialties analysis (November 2014- June, 2015); revision on TVET new green skills specialties offering list, general contents of green skills, and cases of green skills development (August-October 2015); and finally, publication and dissemination (November and December of 2015). This project will be carried out in China and related APEC economics.

Relevance

The project aims to cultivate workforce with green skills through TVET specialties offering, teaching and learning objectives revision, and the establishment of green skills network, therefore, to improve the development of green economy and sustainable development in APEC region.

It is the concrete embodiment of implementation of “The APEC Leaders’ Growth Strategy” in 2010, which put forward “Balanced, Inclusive, Sustainable, Innovative, and Secure Growth”. This strategy pointed out that “We seek growth compatible with global efforts for protection of the environment and transition to green economies”.

Sustainable development is one of priorities of APEC region. UNEP points out in “Global Environment Outlook 5” that “Asia and the Pacific is the fastest growing region in the world with the most rapidly rising emissions of greenhouse gases”. “Of the ten countries in the world that are most at risk from climate change impacts, six are in the Asia and Pacific region”. Asia and the Pacific region also suffer from other kinds of pollution, water pollution, for instance.

It links directly to the goal of human resources development in APEC, which is to promote the well-being of all people and achieve sustainable and inclusive economic growth in the region. Safeguarding of Life through Environmentally Sound Growth” is one of the main focus-areas for the group of HRDWG. The HRDWG is working to support this goal through green job creation and education. A project on “Human Capital Policies for Green Growth and Employment” completed in 2012. This project examined the status of policies within APEC economics, and developed recommendations for APEC economies.

To resolve the environmental pollution and save the resource, many international organizations, countries and regions regard the development of green skills as national or regional development strategies.

On 7 December 2009, the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) endorsed the Green Skills Agreement. In 2013, Chinese government put forward the goal which is to made significant progress in the aspect of building a resource conserving, environment- friendly society.” EU “2020 strategies” put forward the following target: by 2020, members of the EU will reduce greenhouse gas emissions at least 20% less than in 1990.

The ILO has produced a series of reports related to green skills, Skills for Green Jobs: A Global View; Skills and Occupational Needs in Renewable Energy; Skills and Occupational Needs in Green Building, etc.  But this outputs more focus on the macro level analysis, that’s on the demands on green skills, they do not pay much attention on how to transit this demand into TVET supply.

On 10-11 April 2012, UNESCO-UNEVOC hosted the first interagency working group meeting on greening TVET and skills development in Bonn, Germany. Eight agencies participated in the meeting. During the meeting the participants agreed that the collaboration among agencies should aim at reinforcing the role of TVET and its reform process for Sustainable Development through establishing a workgroup on TVET for sustainable development, as one of subgroups of the interagency working group on TVET. Green skills development was one of the topic of the third international UNESCO TVET conference held in May, 2012.

Some economies, such as Australia, Canada, Germany, USA, have done some analysis on green economy, green occupations or jobs, and put forward requirements for the development of “green skills”. But lots of APEC economies haven’t paid special attention to green skills development in TVET, let alone green skills development systematically. This project will design systematically green skills development in TVET” in APEC economics on the basis of the outcomes of the project of “Human Capital Policies for Green Growth and Employment”.

Objectives

1)To put forward the list of typical TVET new green skills specialties offering on the basis of green occupations or jobs’ analysis.

2)To put forward general contents of “green skills” as essential part of teaching and learning objectives of TVET specialties.

3)To establish international cooperation and exchange network of green skills development among APEC economics.

Alignment

1) This project reflects the requirements of “2013 leaders Declaration”, which emphasizes the promotion of sustainable and inclusive growth in the Asia-Pacific region. It declares to implement workable solutions that will increase resilience, sustain growth and decrease disparity.

2) This project reflects the requirements of “2013 APEC Joint Ministerial Statement”, which calls for promoting green growth, promoting clean and renewable energy and sustainable development, and improving energy efficiency.

3) The outcomes of project are consistent with the deliverables of HRDWG work plan. This project will put forward the contents of general green skills, suggestions on the revision of current TVET specialties on the basis of absorbing green skills, therefore service green economy and improve the sustainable development of the economy and society. These project outcomes coincide with the three strategic objectives of HRDWG, namely, “Develop 21st Century Knowledge and Skills for All”, “Integrate HRD into the Global Economy”, and “Address the social dimension of globalization”

4) This project links directly with the key activities of HRDWG work plan 2014. To establish international cooperation and exchange network of green skills development among APEC economics will improve the international cooperation in TVET, which is one of priority areas of HRDWG. This project is be bound up with  some projects in 2014, “Cross-Border Education Cooperation Work plan (Australia)”, “APEC Education Cooperation Project, ECP (Korea)”, “Ongoing project: Cooperative Alliance for Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) / Career and Technical Education (CTE) + APEC Career and Technical Education Licensing Portal (Chinese Taipei)”, for instance. Meanwhile, this project is also directly relevant to the goals of the key activities of HRDWG work plan 2014. The first goal of the work plan 2014 is to respond to priority areas in the Human Resources Development and Education Ministerial action plans and priority areas which provide a strategic vision on how human resources development related projects and activities can support APEC 2014 goals through promoting and contributing to inclusive, innovative and sustainable growth key to the Leaders’ Growth strategy.

TILF/ASF Justification

The project will put forward recommendation about new green skills specialties in TVET, including renewable energy specialties, which will be the basis of cultivating workforce for renewable energy industry, therefore, it will support the APEC 21st Century Renewable Energy Development Initiative which seeks to advance the use of renewable energy for sustainable economic development and growth in member economies. It will put forward the contents of green skills and recommend revising teaching and learning objectives of TVET specialties, therefore, it will be also helpful to cultivate TVET students to form green skills, hence to improve environmental performance.

The project will synthesize the previous endeavors on green economy, green skills and green skill development in TVET from various sectors by engaging in representatives in the APEC economies to participate in the proposed activities in this project, including reviewing the current situation of TVET specialties, teaching and learning objectives in their own APEC economies from green skills development point of view, and recommendation to develop green skills in TVET systematically for APEC region.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs

Output 1: “Cases and Demand Analysis of Green Skills Development in TVET in APEC Economies”. Participants from APEC economics will present reports on the demand for green skills development in their own economies for workshop, which include the social development and its demand for green skill development, current situation of green skills development in APEC economies which participants come from, and the future efforts of TVET need to make to develop green skills, etc. This project will also provide several successful cases in green skill development in TVET, including the revision of teaching and learning objectives of TVET specialties on the basis of adopting the concept of green skills.

Output 2: “General Contents Table of Green Skills”.

After carrying out green jobs analysis, this project will put forward general contents table of green skills, which not only students in green skills specialties in TVET should follow, but also should be learned by students in other relevant specialties. These skills are performance based, might include knowledge, skills and attitude.

Output 3: “An Offering List of Typical TVET New Green Skills Specialties”;

This project will review the current TVET specialties in participant’s APEC economies, judge the requirements for green jobs and green skills, and put forward new TVET typical green skills specialties in participants” APEC economies.

The members of this project research team will be composed of TVET researchers, industrial association delegates, TVET officials and delegates from TVET institutes, etc. Industry effective participation is a key for the success of this project. Australia department of industry already recommend E-Oz as a possible specialist for the project. E-Oz, that’s “Energy Skills Australia”, an Australian Industrial Skills Council, works across all energy sector trades. 59 TVET Industrial guide committee already established in China under the leadership of MOE, China. MOE will provide strong support on this project, including support from energy TVET Industrial guide committee.

Outcomes: This project expects to review and revise TVET specialties offering, teaching and learning objectives in related APEC economies on the basis of green skills development in the medium-term. Specifically, it expects to achieve:

a) Revised TVET specialties offering list in related APEC economies, including new green skills specialties;

b) Revised TVET specialties offering standards in related APEC economies, which mainly include new green skills requirements for existed TVET specialties offering;

c) Revised TVET teaching and learning objectives in APEC economies, which include general contents of green skills;

Hopefully, this project will lead to the formation of TVET green skills development policy, therefore, to start to review TVET specialties offering and curriculum revision.

Finally, this project wishes to increase the concept of green skills of TVET students, to changed their behavior and make TVET students” behavior more environmental friendly.

Beneficiaries: Direct participants will include industrial specialists, TVET specialists, and TVET practitioners from APEC economies. These specialists should have at least 10 years working experiences in related fields. Industrial specialists will come from environmental protection and energy fields. They will be in charge of the analysis of demand of green skills development. TVET specialists will be composed of curriculum development specialist and comparative education research specialist. They will be in charge of the analysis of supply of green skills development in TVET. On the basis of this analysis, TVET specialists will put forward the general contents of green skills and new TVET green skills specialties list. TVET practitioners will provide successful cases of green skills development in TVET.

Users of the outputs will include government departments in charge of TVET, industries, TVET specialties, and TVET practitioners. Government departments will use it as foundation to revise TVET specialties offering catalogue, to revise curriculum; Industries will use it as a references to employ new employees; TVET practitioners could use it as basis of specialties offering revision, teaching and learning reform. TVET specialists could use it to do supply and demand analysis between TVET supply and industrial demand.

As time goes on, this project will be helpful to cultivate labor force with green skills, therefore, it will be beneficial to improve the development of green economy, to protect environment. Finally, it will be beneficial to the sustainable development of APEC economies.

This project will lay particular emphasis on the analysis of the green economy and the needs of green skills development of developing economies, therefore, to make the outputs of this project are of bigger significance for developing economies.

Dissemination

The project aims at producing two publications:

First, “Cases and Demand Analysis of Green Skills Development in TVET in APEC Economies” targeting a wide audience such as educators, researchers, policymakers. The report will be disseminated through the country coordinators of the APEC economies.

Second: “Systematic Design of Green Skills Development in TVET” which includes TVET new green skill specialties list, general contents table of green skills, and successful cases that will demonstrate how to develop green skills in TVET schools or colleges. The project plans to produce 1000 copies and disseminate the electronic version of the publications through the network green skills development network in APEC economies and in HRDWG wiki.

Gender

This project will ensure representativeness of male and female.

Female participants will be especially involved into every stage of the implementation of the project, including attending workshops, green job analysis, survey, case studies, etc.

Meanwhile, gender issues will be essential parts of survey contents in this project. Green job analysis will include gender analysis, for instance.

Work Plan

The project will consist of six key stages: work-plan development, literature review, green jobs analysis, TVET specialty offering list revision, general contents of green skills development, and collection of successful cases. For specifically:

Stage 1 (July-September 2014): Inception workshop preparation. It includes establishing a project working group, developing workshop agenda, preparing draft list of speakers; administrative arrangements and logistics; identification of speakers and nomination, etc.

Stage 2 (October 2014): Inception workshop. Participants will give presentations about the demands, current situation and future plans for green skills development in TVET in their own APEC economies, share cases in this field and discuss about the specific work-plan for next steps. Outputs: build a network of green skills development in APEC economies, future work-plan including work division, and a report on “Cases and Demand Analysis of Green Skills Development in TVET in APEC Economies”.

Stage 3 (November 2014- June, 2015): TVET green skills specialties analysis. According to division of work, participants will carry out literature review on green skills development and green job analysis in their own economies. After comparing the outcome of analysis with current TVET specialties offering, they will come up with a “TVET new green skills specialties offering list” and a general contents table of green skills. Outputs: “An Offering List of TVET New Green Skills Specialties”; “A General Contents Table of Green Skills”.

Stage 4: (July, 2015): Mid-term workshop. Participants will discuss the outputs of stage 3 and give revision suggestions. Output: a revised version of the Offering List and the Table.

Stage 5: (August-Oct, 2015): Outputs revision. Participants will continue to revise and polish outputs following the revision suggestions. Meanwhile, A report of “Systematic Design of Green Skills Development in TVET” will be compiled by combining TVET new green skill specialties list, general contents table of green skills and successful cases. Output: a finalized version of the Offering List and the Table, and a report of “Systematic Design of Green Skills Development in TVET”.

Stage 6: (November-December, 2015): Publication and Dissemination.

Follow up stage: Continually disseminate the output of the project through the network of green skills development network in APEC economies.

Risks

The implementation of the project might involve the following risks:

For lack of knowledge of green skills development in TVET, the policymakers and teachers might have low interest in participation in or using results of the project. To cope with such potential risk, the project will invite them to attend workshops and convince them with facts that the benefits of green skills development in TVET might bring.

Monitoring and Evaluation

The project will use the following indicators to monitor the project:

1.  Participant statistics including the number, gender, institutions and economies involved in the project;

2. The feedback from the stakeholders including the policymakers, education administrators and teachers, such as readiness to offer such course in schools, to teach such activities and to formulate and issue related policies.

3.  Number of contents concerning green skills development in TVET adopted;

4.  Number of copies of the reports distributed in APEC economies.

The evaluation methods include:

1. Questionnaires will be used to collect the feedback about the green skills development in TVET.

2. All the reports, monograph produced by the project will go through peer review before finalization or publication.

3. Related baseline data will be collected.

This project will store contact information for project participants for possible future follow up evaluation

Linkages

Given the inter-disciplinarily nature of the project, the project will involve not only Human Resource Development Group, but also other related groups, sustainable development group, energy group, etc.

This project will build on past projects related to green economy, green skills, and green skills development implemented by the APEC, among others, the project proposed by United States titled “Human Capital Policies for Green Growth and Employment”. It will draw upon the results of the project, for instance, “green” human resource development policies and programs in APEC economies.

Some international organizations have carried out some projects on green skills or published some documents related to green skills. For instance, “Meeting skill needs for green jobs: Policy recommendations 2013” published by ILO, “SKILLS FOR GREEN JOBS A GLOBAL VIEW” published by OECD, and “Greening TVET for Sustainable Development-Report of the UNESCO-UNEVOC online conference” published by UNESCO-UNEVOC international Centre for TVET. But generally speaking, these projects focus on the demand on green skills from macro research point of view. They didn’t pay more attention to the development of green skills in TVET. Though the topic of the report published by UNVEOC links directly to green skills, the contents is more a concept, didn’t put the green skills development concept into TVET practice.

APEC is regarded as the best source of funds for the project, as the project aligns with its primary goal, that is to support sustainable economic growth and prosperity in the Asia-Pacific region. The activities of this project belong to economic and technical cooperation, the main pillar of activity of APEC, which will be beneficial to economic growth and employment opportunities improvement.

Sustainability

An APEC Network on international cooperation and exchange of green skills development among APEC economics will be set up at the first conference, serving as infrastructure for exchange on TVET green skills development education over the long run, through sharing of progress, lessons and findings on green skills development by emails, newsletters and seminars on both regular and random basis. This network will consist of experts, delegates, officials, and other related persons and organizations which are involved into this project from APEC economies. This project will nominate a coordinator from CIVTE for the network, and will open a window in Chinese vocational and adult education (CVAE) website for the network. CVAE website is managed by CIVTE. Green skills E-Forum will be organized on web irregularly. Therefore, In the long run, government officials, students and teachers as the users of the project output will be possible to get new information from the website and to disseminate the knowledge in the APEC region continuously.

Project Overseers

Mr. Luo Ping, Director, Division of International Organization, Department of International Cooperation and Exchange, Ministry of Education, the People’s Republic of China. Ping has served as director for various divisions for the Ministry of Education and also as education counselor in Chinese embassy in Holland. He has overseen several important international collaborative projects.

E-mail: luop@moe.edu.cn

Ms. LIU Yufeng, Director, Department of International Cooperation &Comparative Education Research, Central Institute for Vocational & Technical Education, P. R. China. As an international TVET expert, she has implemented a number of international TVET projects as a team leader or vice team leader. As national TVET expert, she has been closely involved in research on TVET policy reform and development in China. She has finished more than 20 research projects as a team leader, published more than 70 articles in China and abroad, and published two monographs “Curriculum linkages between secondary and higher VET”, and “New exploration of VET reform and development toward the international world”.

E-mail: yufengliu_0408@126.com

Ms. Yang Cancan, Program Officer, Division of International Organizations, Department of International Cooperation & Exchange, Ministry of Education, China.

E-mail: yangcc@moe.edu.cn

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable

Direct Labour

This project will provide total 500 hours contract for Contractor. They will provide project organization, communications, and administrative support, including workshop preparation.

Waivers

Not Applicable

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Project No.

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Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

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Expected Start Date

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Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

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Declaration

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Relevance

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TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

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Sustainability

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Direct Labour

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Are there any supporting document attached?

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