Project Title

APEC Peer Review on Low-Carbon Energy Policies (PRLCE), Phase 3 

Project Year

2014   

Project Number

EWG 01 2014A 

Project Session

Session 1   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Completed Project   
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Project No.

EWG 01 2014A 

Project Title

APEC Peer Review on Low-Carbon Energy Policies (PRLCE), Phase 3 

Project Status

Completed Project 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: Energy Efficiency 

Project Year

2014 

Project Session

Session 1 

APEC Funding

66,045 

Co-funding Amount

268,305 

Total Project Value

334,350 

Sponsoring Forum

Energy Working Group (EWG) 

Topics

Energy 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Japan 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Australia; Brunei Darussalam; Canada; Chile; China; Hong Kong, China; Indonesia; Korea; Malaysia; Mexico; New Zealand; Papua New Guinea; Peru; Philippines; Russia; Singapore; Chinese Taipei; Thailand; United States; Viet Nam 

Expected Start Date

01/06/2014 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2015 

Project Proponent Name 1

Shinichi Kihara 

Job Title 1

Director 

Organization 1

International Affairs Division, Agency for Natural Resources and Energy 

Postal Address 1

1-3-1 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8931, Japan 

Telephone 1

81-3 35010598 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

kihara-shinichi@meti.go.jp; nagatani-shobu@meti.go.jp; munekane-terumi@meti.go.jp 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Shinichi Kihara 

Project Summary

The PRLCE responds to the Energy Ministers’ instruction from their meeting in Fukui, Japan in 2010; to explore mechanisms to encourage APEC economies to set individual goals and action plans for introducing low-emission power sources. 

As with the APEC Peer Review on Energy Efficiency (PREE), a peer review team comprised of experts on low-carbon energy policy from APEC member economies will review goals and policies to promote low-carbon energy policies.

The review team will provide recommendations based on this and assist with effective policy making in this area as well as the effective formulation of action plans etc.

Low-emission power sources include renewable, nuclear and fossil-fuel with carbon capture and storage. The scope of review will be decided depending on the host economy’s priorities.

One PRLCE is expected to be held in Viet Nam in the first half of 2015.

Relevance

The need for a cleaner energy as a vehicle to improve sustainable development, energy security and emission reduction was highlighted in the APEC Energy Ministers’ declaration at their 9th meeting in Fukui, Japan in 2010. Since low-emission power sources –renewable, nuclear and fossil-fuels with carbon capture and storage technologies–provide electricity supply in a sustainable way, their development must be promoted in order to address climate change.

Stemmed from this declaration and on the basis of the success of APEC’s Peer Review on Energy Efficiency (PREE), the APEC Energy Ministers instructed the APEC Energy Working Group (EWG) to encourage member economies to set individual goals and action plans for introducing low-emission power sources, supported with the assistance from APERC and relevant technology expert groups. In addition, the APEC Leaders’ 2010 Yokohama Growth Strategy pledged APEC to develop a low-carbon energy sector. The Phase 1 of this project was carried out successfully in Thailand in May 2012 and in the Philippines in November 2012. The Phase 2 of this project was also carried out successfully in Indonesia in May 2013 and in Malaysia in December 2013.

With this background, the Peer Review on Low-Carbon Energy Policies (PRLCE) Phase 3 strives to promote a more sustainable energy supply with particular focus on renewable energy for power generation. As the development of low-emission power sources is strongly dependent on governmental support through economic and regulatory mechanisms, it is essential that low-emission energy sources are addressed and included in each economy’s long-term energy policies. By including these energy sources in their institutional planning, governments will be able to promote a stronger participation of stakeholders, especially from the business and science communities and ultimately, to measure the effectiveness of their implementation in an effort to gather feedback and devise the best follow-up actions in case of further obstacles.

Objectives

This project extends over a multi-year period and looks forward to meeting the following objectives:

·   To share experiences and knowledge with Viet Nam on the best practices to promote low-emission power sources by means of the elaboration of a Peer Review Report on Low Carbon Energy Policies. 

·   To elaborate a Peer Review Report on Low Carbon Energy Policies for Viet Nam, attending to their particular circumstances and conditions, so that the strategies and measures recommended are the most efficient for contributing to the design of effective public policies in this field.

·   To provide peer-reviewed recommendations that might be voluntarily adopted to encourage APEC economies to introduce or accelerate their power supply from low-emission sources, monitoring their progress to assess their effectiveness.

Alignment

In addition to the APEC Energy Ministers’ declaration at Fukui in 2010, this project complies with APEC leaders’ Growth Strategy adopted at their 2010 Yokohama meeting with the aim to provide a long-term precise –term framework for promoting high-quality growth in the region through five attributes: balance, inclusion, sustainability, security and innovation, being two of them linked to EWG’s activities. For Sustainable Growth, the leaders discussed APEC’s role to promote green industries and jobs as a way to develop low-carbon energy and specifically mentioned that APEC will “explore mechanisms to encourage economies to set individual plans to introduce low-emission power sources”  For Innovative Growth, the leaders discussed the need to adopt policies and regulatory environments that promote research and development on critical global issues such as environment and energy, towards future prosperity.  PRLCE Phase 2 will thus serve as one of the key building blocks of the APEC Growth Strategy.

TILF/ASF Justification

PRLCE Phase 3 is an APEC Support Fund project targeted at the developing economies of Viet Nam, which will benefit from a larger renewable power supply and its effects such as a reduction of CO2 emissions, better air quality and less exposure to fossil fuels’ high prices and supply disruptions.

As explained in Question 2 above, PRLCE Phase 3 will contribute to help the economies’ capacity to implement effective policies to promote renewable power supplies which is especially significant since developing economies are less likely to develop effective actions for introducing renewable power in comparison to developed economies.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: Describe products or services that the project will create. This may include workshop, reports, tools, research papers, recommendations, best practices, action plans etc.

The output of this project is a Peer Review Report which includes recommendations on the best practices for promoting low-carbon energy policies. The Report also encompasses the identification of barriers for the effective implementation of the action plans and recommendations in a wide range of subjects, such as institutional framework, goals and strategy, data collection and monitoring. Once the Peer Review Process has been finished, the Report will be publicly on Internet.

Outcomes: Describe the specific changes the outputs are expected to achieve in the medium-term. What changes in policy, processes or behaviour will the project lead to?

By implementing the recommendations identified peer review report, the low-carbon energy supply including renewable, nuclear and fossil-fuels will high technologies will be promoted in the economy which will contribute to the sustainable development.

Beneficiaries: Who are the direct project participants and users of the outputs? Describe their qualifications, level of expertise, roles/level of responsibility, gender, economies represented, government departments, APEC fora involvement etc.. Explain how they will use and benefit from the outputs. Who else will benefit from the project and how?

The immediate beneficiaries of this project are the governments and policy-makers responsible for low carbon energy policy in Viet Nam. In this way, these beneficiaries are expected to gain valuable knowledge on low-carbon energy policies issues to ultimately seize the potential on this subject of Viet Nam to improve their policies and deploy better goals and strategies to strengthen their institutional framework, financial schemes and R&D mechanisms. Moreover, as the project strives to promote low carbon energy development across the APEC region, the ultimate beneficiary of the project is the population, who is impacted by the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions and the improvement of their living conditions. Through the exchange of the information contained in the Peer Review Report and the benefits accomplished in the economy as a whole, such as the promotion of economic growth, business and jobs as a result of the development of a low carbon energy industry.

Other APEC economies attempting to implement renewable power policies should also benefit from this project by having more information on the findings of the PRLCE to Viet Nam, which will be available for public consultation and presented as well at the APERC workshops held in conjunction with EWG meetings.

Dissemination

In order to amplify the target audience for these documents, the “Peer Review Report on Low Carbon Energy Policies” for each host economy will also be available on the APERC website along with links from the APEC Secretariat website. 

The target audience comprises APEC officials responsible for low carbon energy policies and general public, mainly authorities at different government-levels, in each host economy where the project was carried out.

No plans are intended to sell any outputs related to this project.

Gender

Women’s participation is welcomed. Accordingly, their involvement is considered throughout this project, including their participation in the peer review team.  Women are a major stakeholder group who provide valuable input and expertise to design policies and plans for sustainable development.

Work Plan

The PRLCE Phase 3 project is aimed to be carried out in Viet Nam during the first half of 2015. The approach of the PRLCE project is standardised for all economies and considers the formation of a peer review team recruited by APERC with the host economy’s consultation that might include experts from other APEC economies, APEC’s Expert Group on New and Renewable Energy Technologies (EGNRET) and international organizations. Prior to the review team’s visit to the host economy, the host economy will prepare a background briefing outlining the status of the energy sector in the host economy, as well as the economy’s low carbon energy policies and programs. Simultaneously, the host economy will determine which sectors should be the focus of the review and who should be interviewed as stakeholders by the review team. The stakeholders may be policy makers and government officials responsible for energy policies, representatives of the private sector, industry associations, academia, or non-profit organizations.

The peer review team will then visit Viet Nam to meet the major stakeholders selected by their governments. After the visit, the peer review team will prepare a preliminary draft review report which will then be subject to possible modifications upon the host economy’s review and comments. The draft review report will then be submitted to EWG members for their approval at their next meeting.

The outcome expected from PRLCE Phase 3 is a deliverable document named “Peer Review Report on Low-Carbon Energy Policies” for Viet Nam, which will recognize and be responsive to the context for low-carbon energy policies in the economy, encompassing its policy framework to identify barriers to the effective implementation of action plans and recommendations for introducing and/or promoting low-carbon energy, including renewable, nuclear and clean fossil technologies.

September – December 2014, Preparation by host economy:

The host economy will prepare a background briefing outlining the status of the energy sector in the host economy, as well as the economy’s low-carbon energy policies and programs. The host economy will identify the focused area for the review and the stakeholders to be involved in the review process.

January 2015, Formation of peer review team: The project overseer will recruit peer review team. Possible members would include experts from AEPC member economies, EGNRET and international organizations.

April 2015, Peer Review (dates to be fixed): One week peer review will be organised. The peer review team will visit the host economy and discuss with stakeholders in the host economy.

May - June 2015, Draft Peer Review Report: The peer review team will draft the peer review report based upon the review visit.

July – August 2015: The draft peer review report will be examined by the host economy.

September 2015: The review report will be revised based on the comments by the host economy.

October – November 2015: The review report will be examined by EWG members.

December 2015: The final report will be published.

Risks

In PRLCE Phase 3 project, APERC interacts with the government officials who are responsible for low carbon energy policies on the present status of their strategic goals and action plans. APERC also exchanges information with experts from EGNRET, as well as international organizations such as IEA and ADB on the challenges and barriers to effective policy implementation. APERC plans to continue consulting these experts as the project advances to manage the risks which may be involved in implementing the project.

The critical risks to the success of the project are:

a) Lack of access to economy-specific low carbon energy data and policies. The preparation of the background briefing for the review team regarding the status of the energy sector, as well as low carbon energy policies and programs, is essential in order to conduct peer reviews on a limited time schedule. APERC will minimize this risk by closely coordinating with the host economy and asking them to provide relevant data and information well in advance.

b) Lack of diverse perspectives when conducting peer review. A variety of perspectives, including not only government, but also the industry and financial sectors as well as NGOs, is essential to comprehensively examine low-carbon energy policy issues and to make useful recommendations to tackle deficiencies. APERC will minimize this risk by working closely with the host economy to arrange opportunities for as many as possible of the relevant stakeholders to meet with the review team.

c) Lack of low carbon energy policy experts participating in the peer review team. There is expected to be a limited number of low carbon energy policy experts from APEC economies who are available to voluntarily participate in the peer review team. To solve this problem, APERC will develop a register of low carbon energy experts.  APERC will also work closely with the chair of EGNRET to ensure that the low carbon energy experts join the peer review team.

d) Lack of interest from host economies for PRLCE Phase 3 and beyond.  APERC will try to avoid this risk by capitalizing on past successful experience with PRLCE Phase 1 and 2 to demonstrate its benefits and persuade them to carry out this project.

e) Lack of follow-up cooperation from host economies for PRLCE Phase 3 and beyond.  APERC will try to avoid this risk by stressing the relevance of monitoring and stepping up this project and fostering further collaboration to ensure the project’s continual success.

Monitoring and Evaluation

In order to ensure that the results from this project are incorporated into the public policies of Viet Nam, the number of recommendations provided by the review team in their Report will be used as indicators to track the project’s achievements. The fact that peer review report is completed and presented to EWG members for their consideration at the next EWG meeting will also indicate follow-up on the project. APERC will also collect the participants’ feedback through a survey to gather their impressions and values perceived from the project.

In addition, as this is a multi-staged project, the next phases encompass subsequent visits to track and review the progress of the recommendations suggested as well as to stress any hurdles that might be obstructing their implementation in the hosting economies.

Linkages

Building on the PREE project, which also employs a peer review mechanism to address goals and action plans and identify effective policy approaches, the PRLCE is expected to contribute to sustainable energy development in the APEC region by centering on the low-carbon energy policies, which complements PREE’s focus on the energy policies’ demand side of low-carbon energy.

It is worth mentioning that the successful implementation of PRLCE Phase 1(in Thailand and in the Philippines) and 2 (in Indonesia and in Malaysia) call for the expansion of this mechanism to other member economies, nonetheless, this previous experience also stressed the need for a “GREW” approach, in which more cooperation among the different stakeholders involved, more resource integration, more green energy industry development and more intense promotion of renewable energy research are present. As the only forum in which leaders, ministers and working level government officials in the Asia-Pacific region share knowledge and coordinate activities related to sustainable development and energy security, APEC holds a competitive advantage in examining the wide array of issues involved with the implementation of low-carbon energy policies, and strengthening the recommendations provided to the PRLCE host economies on the basis of its expertise from previous experiences. .

Over the past years, there have also been many EWG projects implemented covering wide range of new and renewable energy technology subjects. While these projects focused on technical aspects of new and renewable energy development and individual policy measures and programs, PRLCE will address the whole range of low carbon energy policies as well as the monitoring and assessment process of the overall policy framework. For these reasons, PRLCE is different from previous efforts, and will avoid duplication of previous EWG projects.

APERC will maintain contact with the chairpersons of relevant APEC cooperative groups such as EGNRET and LCMT Task Force to ensure that their resources are capitalized and also to ensure that none of their activities are being duplicated. APERC will also strengthen its expertise by consulting with international organizations such as IEA, IRENA, ADB, WB and promoting interaction opportunities at the APERC workshops at EWG meetings and the APERC annual conferences.

Sustainability

APEC’s PRLCE Phase 3 project is intended to be a multi-year project to promote low carbon energy policies across the APEC region that builds on the successful implementation of PRLCE Phase 1 and 2 project so that other member economies in such as Viet Nam and another economy still not selected in this case, host subsequent peer-reviewed projects. From the experience with PREE, a follow-up mechanism will be necessary to assist the PRLCE host economies in implementing the recommendations found on the Peer Review Report to maintain their commitment and ensure the ultimate impact of the project.

The status of renewable energy, clean fossil energy, and nuclear energy development are permanently reported and discussed at EWG meetings under the agenda item “Long- Term Energy Security Initiative (ESI)”. In that case, the results and lessons from the project will be a basis for further discussions on stepping up low carbon energy policies in the APEC region.

Project Overseers

The Project Overseer is Mr Shinichi Kihara, Director, International Affairs Division, Agency for Natural Resources and Energy of Ministry of Economy and Industry, Japan. The main points of contact responsible for this project are as follows.

Ms. Terumi Munekane
Assistant Director, International Affairs Division
Agency for Natural Resources and Energy, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, Japan
munekane-terumi@meti.go.jp

Mr. Goichi Komori
Senior Researcher
Asia Pacific Energy Research Centre (APERC)
komori@aperc.ieej.or.jp

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Not Applicable.

Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
Attachments
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Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
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