Project Title

Innovation for Women and Economic Development - Facilitating Women's Livelihood Development and Resilience with ICTs 

Project Year

2013   

Project Number

M SCE 03 2013A 

Project Session

Session 1   

Project Type

Multi-Year 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

M SCE 03 2013A 

Project Title

Innovation for Women and Economic Development - Facilitating Women's Livelihood Development and Resilience with ICTs 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: General Fund 

Project Year

2013 

Project Session

Session 1 

Sponsoring Forum

Policy Partnership on Women and the Economy (PPWE) 

Topics

Gender 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

Small and Medium Enterprises Working Group (SMEWG) 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

ABAC Women's Forum

Proposing Economy(ies)

Chinese Taipei 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Australia; Canada; Chile; Indonesia; Korea; Mexico; New Zealand; Papua New Guinea; Peru; Philippines; Singapore; Thailand; United States; Viet Nam 

Expected Start Date

01/04/2013 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2015 

APEC Funding

413,810 

Co-funding Amount

537,200 

Co-funding Percentage

56.49% 

Total Project Value

951,010 

Project Proponent Name 1

Ms Huang Pi-Hsia 

Job Title 1

Director-General 

Organization 1

Department of Gender Equality, Foundation for Women's Rights Promotion and Development 

Postal Address 1

9F, No. 15, Sec 1, Hangshou S Rd, Shongzheng District, Taipei City 100 

Telephone 1

Not applicable 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

rene@wrp.org.tw 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Ms Huang Pi-Hsia 

Project Summary

Over recent years, increased attention has focused on the role and potential of the emerging value-added services (VAS) of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) as a pathway to bridge the gender and economic development divide. Yet in APEC there is a lack of a more holistic framework to address the pressing challenges for women to gain access to these new technologies and business opportunities to improve their livelihood. The aims of this project are to:(1)promote awareness of women’s needs in APEC region in embracing new devices and services for enhancement in educational opportunities, career options and livelihood development; (2)identify and disseminate pertinent experiences and know-how of ICT innovations that can be replicated to broaden women’s capacities of doing business and enhance their resilience to risky environment; and (3) assist stakeholders to formulate innovative public-private partnerships (PPPs) which will facilitate sustainable new business models and policy environment for women.

To achieve these goals, three phases are designed. Phase I (2013) establishes a Public-Private Partnership Network (PPPN) as a taskforce in support of the project implementation. A conference together with the first workshop and PPPN meeting is held to provide overviews, share experiences, identify local needs, and design solution packages to address the needs. An inventory of existing practices will also be constructed and the demand for women’s use of ICTs to gain access to resources will be identified. Phase II (2014) demonstrates how PPPN can work with the member economies in developing pilot projects aiming at applying these packages to facilitate women’ access to ICT enabled services while simultaneously providing employment opportunities to women. A workshop will be held for practical implementation and mid-term reviews. Phase III (2015) analyses and evaluates the applications of these packages, disseminates findings and prepares a strategic plan for long-term project continuity after funding ends. A workshop and high-level meeting will be organized accordingly to provide policy recommendations.

Relevance

This project is important to APEC’s agenda and should be undertaken by APEC due to the following three reasons:

First, women are the main drivers for the economic growth in many APEC member economies. Southeast Asia’s economic success is due primarily to women who take up 60-80% of jobs in export sectors and account for 35% SME owners in the APEC region. Besides, women are becoming important as consumers– surveys suggest that women make approximately 80% of households' buying decisions (Economists, 2006). However, obstacles that prevent women from participating economic activities still exist, particularly for rural women, indigenous women and women with disabilities. Thus, many UN development projects have been devoted to improve gender equality and women empowerment under the Millennium Development Goals.

To improve the adoption of the new ICT technologies for rural women in the Southeast Asia, the Asia Pacific Women’s Information Network Center (APWINC) conducted a survey on the ICT environment and women’s needs. They found that rural women with poor ICT infrastructure were eager to learn and both basic and advanced computer skills as well as related knowledge should be provided to them. Local languages for women with limited reading skills or illiterate, funding support for long-term training, microcredit and marketing initiatives are all important elements in developing education modules to fulfil the needs of rural women (APWINC, 2011)

Another study conducted by the Group Special Mobile Association (GSMA) on gender gaps in low and middle-income economies on three continents found that mobile phone ownerships provided distinct benefits to women’s access to education, health, business and employment opportunities. Their survey showed that more than 70% of women respondents reported an interest in entrepreneurship. Yet, a woman is still 21% less likely to own a mobile phone than a man. Other barriers included credit and capital access, marketing, training, and mentorship (GSMA, 2012). These emerging challenges will become potential business opportunities if factors influencing women’s ownership of mobile phones can be identified.

Second, many studies have shown that ICT and information-based VAS has become one of the best tools for fast and efficient development of SMMEs for women (West, Brookings Institution, 2012). Given the importance of self employment and financial independency for women, several projects were devoted to support capacity building to bridge the gap for women in accessing ICT in the Asia Pacific. Despite the potential of emerging ICT-based VAS to connect women beyond their traditional circles and to overcome market information and financing barriers, the problem of lack of effective networks to facilitate ICT-enabled services was not well addressed. Thus, scale economies and sustainability remain a challenge for most projects promoting ICT for women’s entrepreneurship. In this regard, this project will identify the key factors shaping the connections between ICT-based VAS and women’s education/employment/business opportunities. We will use these factors to frame a Public-Private Partnerships (PPP) initiative to figure out what business models and technology bundles work best and what roles should be played by various partners. In doing so, this project will support the APEC Small and Medium Enterprise Working Group (SMEWG)’s Strategic Action Plan 2009-2012 to enhance ICT capacity in the development of youth, women and minorities’ SMMEs as noted in SME Ministerial Statement 2011.  

Third, this project aims to build upon previous work supported by the APEC PPWE, Gender Focal Point Network (GFPN), and Women Leaders’ Network (WLN) to develop women micro-enterprises by promoting the diffusion of technology-driven ICT innovations to overcome these obstacles. In this regard, the project addresses itself to the statements of the 2012 Women and the Economy Forum and the Work Program for 2013 ABAC Women’s Forum as it attempts to apply innovations to women’s economic empowerment and to remove barriers that impact women’s education and career opportunities. It will also correspond to the announcement by the 2013 APEC host Indonesia to ensure sustainable growth with equity” as one of the three key priorities to drive the global economic recovery.

Fourth, this project echoes closely to important APEC declarations in recent years. In response to the 2011 APEC Leader’s Declaration, the project endeavours to promote inclusive regional growth by taking concrete actions to expand economic opportunities for women. Corresponding to the 2011 San Francisco Declaration, the project aims to facilitate the sharing of best practices on how member economies use ICT innovations to enhance women’s capacities of doing business and to foster an equitable workforce participation of disadvantageous women, increasing their access to cross-border opportunities. The training activities of this project are also expected to facilitate the “delivery of practical guidance for policy makers to expand the provision of financial services by households, individuals and self-employed entrepreneurs, including those at the bottom of the economic pyramid” under the “APEC Financial Inclusion Initiative” (APEC FII) of the 2012 APEC Finance Ministers’ Process (FMP)

In light of the aforementioned issues, recent advancements in ICT innovations and value chains that have been observed in the region can be sources of solutions to strengthen the livelihood development capacity and entrepreneurial skills for women. APEC is therefore the most appropriate institution to fund this project as it has been the major international institution dedicating to assisting in the diffusion of innovation, technologies, business models, and policies in the Asia-Pacific region.

Objectives

Recognizing the vital role that ICT can play in the empowerment of women entrepreneurs, the main objectives are:

(1)     To promote awareness of women’s needs and identify issues of particular concern for women in APEC region in embracing new ICT devices and value-added services (VAS) for enhancement in education, career and livelihood development as well as protecting their well-being from the impact of exposures to financial, health, and environmental risks;

(2)     To enhance the sharing and dissemination of pertinent experiences of ICT innovations in women’s livelihood development and to identify key elements for successful replication to broaden women’s capacities of doing business and to address the challenges of insufficient resources/infrastructure, limited funding/financing, inadequate trust/expectations, and different organizational culture;

(3)     To address common impediments and to promote communications and collaborations amongst the private, public and NGO sectors aiming at facilitating women’s access to ICT enabled services which will be of particular use to policy makers for official dialogue, infrastructure planning, and regulation harmonization in assisting the development of sustainable and equitable business environment for women.

Multi-Year Approach

The project’s comprehensive outcomes will take more than a single year to accomplish due to the following three reasons:

First, given the fact that gender equity, economic development, and ICT technologies and services providers are not often well-linked and the fact that women’s access to ICT-related business lags considerably behind that of men, the objectives of this project have to be accomplished in a holistic manner in which stakeholders’ engagement in collective actions and outcome-based PPPs are key elements. The value of the outcome-based PPPs lies in the process of shared creations, but the consequence is that collaborations among stakeholders are time consuming.

Second, this project needs extensive teamwork amongst PPWE, SMEWG, ABAC Women’s Forum, as well as other APEC and non-APEC regional and international organizations, to cover the diverse aspects of planning for empowering women via ICT and to provide sound business and policy environment for sustainable partnerships. This requires well-defined and inter-connected chains of communications and actions. A multi-year approach allows effective and efficient utilization of results in the previous phases and maximizes the prospect benefits at the final stage.

Third, the APEC Multi-Year Project fund is the best source of support because the fund encourages broad-spectrum collaborations amongst APEC fora and helps to incorporate the contribution of other non-APEC stakeholders. Moreover, the outcomes of this project are dedicated to promote innovation, capacity building and economic development of all APEC member economies.

TILF/ASF Justification

First, the integration of the Internet, mobility and communications at the device, service and transport levels create a new set of business opportunities for women in APEC. The global mobile-related VAS industry is growing at about 40–50 per cent. The impact of this convergence is not very simple. The structure of the new mobile data landscape is far more complex than the traditional voice-oriented business models. The future implementation of these services in APEC will encompass several new and exciting areas such as mobile internet, location-based services, and regional content-based services. Maturity of the VAS market will also give impetus to the market for M-commerce applications in APEC. Favorable government policies and advances in technology are encouraging providers across the value chain to explore innovative ways to address the mobile telephony needs of female population.

In this regard, the key components of the capacity development activities to meet the needs of APEC developing economies will be the synthesis and dissemination of knowledge in ICT-related tools for SMMEs. This will be accomplished by capacity-building workshops and training courses for women on SMME network support, ICT innovations, knowledge management, and peer learning applicable to:

(1)     Individual levels (e.g., understanding each individual’s preference, attitude, skill, behavior),

(2)     Organizations (e.g., adjusting management and communication styles),

(3)     Enabling environment (e.g., developing incentives and resource/funding allocation mechanisms),

(4)     Civil society (e.g., education and public awareness programs)

In addition, the project builds on previous work led by PPWE that draws upon APEC’s strong tradition of public-private cooperation to advance women’s economic empowerment with the following three levels of support to meet the capacity-building needs in APEC developing economies:

(1)     Invite developing economies into the PPPN to share their experiences and to review the effectiveness of the existing programs;

(2)     Consult with experts to identify best practices and to assess the fundamental criteria of engaging women in ICT-related education/business/employment networks; and

(3)     Organize conferences and workshops to raise the awareness of the emergent usage of ICT innovations and how to facilitate an efficient and effective supporting environment involving government institutions, NGOs, ICT sectors, and women’s enterprises facing multiple challenges and environmental risks.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Project Outputs

Phase I (2013)

Project planning meetings:
§  An agenda for a Conference, the 1st workshop and PPPN meeting which is formulated in project planning meetings and implemented by a task force.

§  Undertake A Background Literature Review to systematically analysis existing researches from UN Women, World Bank, UNDP, ITC(International Trade Centre), GSMA and international journals.

§  A PPPN Work Plan is drafted in project planning meetings which will provide a guideline for PO and APEC and non-APEC stakeholders to establish a PPPN and implement the project.

§  Vol.1 E-Newsletter on project and conference announcement.

Launch a conference with the 1st workshop and PPPN meeting:

§  A Conference

A Conference Report: including innovative perspectives on promoting ICT-based business opportunities, SMMEs models, networks, and infrastructure development for women which are shared by speakers and experts. It will then be presented to the PPWE and SMEWG high-level meeting.

§  The 1st Workshop:

-       A set of meeting material with collective documents of economy reports and best practice related to previous implementation on ICT-related SMMEs capacity building policies or programs for women shared by participants from public and private sectors as well as ICT service providers.

-       The Recommendation of the 1st Workshop will be submitted to the PPWE and SMEWG high-level meeting and engaged into APEC declaration for Leaders and senior officers to adopt.

§  The 1st PPPN meeting:

-       The PPPN members will review and endorse the PPPN Work Plan as a guideline for PO and stakeholders to implement the project.

-       A set of Ranking Criteria will be designed for selecting projects. 3 Case Studies will be identified based on the criteria in the post-meeting stage. A Baseline Survey will be designed for 3 case studies and to be conducted in the end of Phase I.

§  The Vol.2 Newsletter including the Conference Report, the Recommendation of the 1st Workshop and the 1st year progress and review for APEC member economies and related fora.

Phase II (2014)

§  The 2nd Workshop:

§  The Mid-term Case Study Report: to report the implementation progress of 3 cases studies and identify the needs, problems and key factors which have been enable the success to the 3 selected case.

§  Innovative Business Packages (including innovative training courses and key factors to enable the success) will be designed to aim at addressing the needs, obstacles, infrastructure, and equal opportunities for women at the local level.

§  The Recommendation of the 2nd Workshop will be submitted to the PPWE, SMEWG and the relevant fora’s high-level meeting and engaged into APEC declaration for Leaders and senior officers to adopt.

§  Vol. 3 Newsletter on the Mid-term Case Study Report, innovative business packages and the Recommendation of the 2nd Workshop.

§  The 2nd PPPN Meeting:

§  Project Evaluation will be designed to develop a survey for participants of the three selected case study areas and the stakeholders of the projects for review and evaluation in phase III.

§  A Sustainability Plan will be developed to generate the Promotion Strategies and Policy Recommendations for Phase III.

§  The Vol.4 Newsletter on the 2nd year progress and review for APEC member economies and related fora.

Phase III (2015)

§  The 3rd PPPN Meeting:

§  Project Evaluation Report to present the survey outcome conducted in phase III.

§  A Sustainability Plan including the Promotion Strategies and Policy Recommendations will be reviewed and endorsed by PPPN participants and stakeholders.

§  A Final Case Study Report will be reviewed and endorsed.

§  The 3rd Workshop:

§  A Report of 3rd Workshop including The Final Case Study Report and Innovative Business Packages will be reviewed and endorsed by experts and stakeholders of the project.

§  The Policy Recommendation will be endorsed and submitted to the High-level meeting.

§  Vol.5 Newsletter on the Final Case Study Report, Innovative Business Packages and the Policy Recommendation.

§  High-level meeting:

§  The Policy Recommendation will be endorsed and submitted to PPWE, SMEWG and the relevant fora’s high-level meeting and engaged into APEC declaration for Leaders and senior officers to adopt.

§  A Final Project Report will be delivered after high-level meeting.

§  The Vol.6 Newsletter on the 3nd year progress and review for APEC member economies and related fora.

§  A formal publication will be released to evaluate long-term impact of project outcome and follow-up with policy recommendations after project closure. Direct Participants and Users

§  Women interested in acquiring knowledge and gaining leadership skills on ICT and SMMEs

§  Experts and academic scholars who want to share their own experiences on previous or on-going related projects.

§  Policy makers in government institutions, as well as practitioners from SMMEs, NGOs, and local communities will not only benefit from the outcomes of this project but also strengthen their capacities of developing women-responsive policies and practical measures.

ICT-related industry manufacturers, repairers, information and value-added service providers- ICT companies, related infrastructure and service providers -may benefit from designing and streamlining products suitable for female users.

Dissemination

The output of the project will be disseminated through the following channels:

§  Publications:

(1)   Workshop proceedings and presentation materials will be distributed to all participants during the workshops and training sessions and to other relevant stakeholders.

(2)   Research outputs and workshop presentations will also be disseminated through existing APEC fora networks and official meeting website links.

(3)   E-Newsletters will be published on a regular basis to disseminate project progress and outcomes timely and to collect feedbacks from member economies to ensure sustainability and broaden network effect.

§  Target audience:

(1)   Women who participated in related projects, networks, or initiatives.

(2)   Senior officials from the relevant government agencies.

(3)   Business leaders from ICT-related industries, VAS service providers, SMEs, and MEs.

(4)   Academic researchers, experts, and educators involved in similar or related projects.

(5)   NGOs and other relevant regional and international organizations.

§  Intention to sell outputs:

Since the project aims to raise the awareness about women’s role in SMMEs development and to provide practical guidelines to facilitate PPPs for women’s livelihood capacity building via ICT, it is a public good by nature and thus there is no intention to sell any output from this project.

Gender

The project design is based on gender analysis to promote ICT and entrepreneurship capacity building and to enhance resilience and skills of women facing economic and environment risks. Exclusive concern to women is addressed in order to reduce the gender inequalities among access to ICT and VAS innovation programs according to gender-disaggregated data. This project will ensure equitable participation and engagement of men and women by taking the following steps:


(1)
   Conduct gender analysis throughout project implementation as well as formulate strategy, policy recommendation and training program.

(2)   Encourage member economies to nominate both male and female experts to be involved in the planning, management, allocation of resources and implementation of the project.

(3)   Gender Focal Points in related government agencies will participate in the design of the project, study and workshops.

(4)   Community organizations whose concern is with the gender issues in ICT capacity building will participate in data collection and the workshops to discuss the result of the study.

(5)   The research papers and case study reports will be distributed to women’s ministries, businesswomen’s associations and women’s NGOs. They will also be distributed more generally to related APEC and non-APEC public and private sectors and at the SME meeting to ensure men’s participation.

(6)   Highlight the close relationship between gender, ICT and economic activities and identify how APEC can efficiently raise public awareness on gender perspectives in policy formulation.

Work Plan

Phase I (2013): Establishment of PPPN for Implementation Design

Key activities

Actions and Inter-linkage

Beneficiaries/

Stakeholders

Deliverable Outputs

Establish a Public-Private Partnership Network (PPPN)

[Apr-June, 2013]

(1)    A planning meeting to identify the niche of available ICT-based practices and enabling value-added services (VAS) to facilitate women’s business development

(2)    Based on the planning meeting outcomes, PO will invite APEC and non-APEC stakeholders to join the PPPN to share experiences of existing programs that facilitate education on ICT applications, business development, and risk management strategies and how they address women in need.

§ Government officials § Women entrepreneurs § ICT-related  service providers § NGOs

§ Experts and scholars

§ A Background Literature Review § An agenda for a Conference § An agenda for the 1st workshop § An agenda for PPPN meeting

§ Vol.1 E-Newsletter

Launch a conference and the 1stworkshop and  1st PPPN meeting

[June-July, 2013]

(1)   Conference agenda: § Provide overviews and promote awareness of advancement in ICT-based business opportunities, SMMEs models, networks, and infrastructure development for women. § Cultivate cross-cultural leaderships and networking in SMMEs start-ups, connectivity, and continuity. § Provide existing successful practices sharing platform focusing on innovation ICT capacity building initiatives. (2)   Workshop agenda: § Member economies presenting economy report include efforts on the important policies, strategies that each economy has implemented on ICT innovations for women’s livelihood development.  § Enhance the sharing and dissemination of current progress made and lessons learned among APEC economies. (3)   PPPN meeting agenda: § PPPN collaborates with the PO and stakeholders to establish a PPPN work plan on the case studies. § Based on the planning meeting in former activity, undertake baseline survey to inventory available statistic and progress regarding women and ICT utilization among APEC member economies.

§ Discuss and finalized the ranking criteria for the selection of the projects as well as for identifying the priority areas and targeted women groups suited for the case studies and chosen projects.

§ Government officials § Women entrepreneurs § ICT-related  service providers § NGOs

§ Experts and scholars

§ A Conference Report § A set of meeting material with collective documents of economy reports and best practices § Recommendation of the 1st Workshop

§ A set of Ranking Criteria for 3 case study selection

Identify three case studies

[JulyDec, 2013]

§  A baseline survey will be compiled to collect baseline information on the existing practices and the demand for women’s access to ICTs on the basis of 1st PPPN meeting discussion. §  Based on the selection criteria finalized on 1st PPPN meeting, PPPN will review and convene an assessment to select three case studies. §  Special attention will be given to identify a core set of issues of particular concern and challenges for women in accessing ICT: §  resources needed, §  how to involve women in the development process of the study, §  local infrastructure/networks, §  benefits achieved, §  obstacles confronted, §  key elements of success

§  future recommendations

§ Government officials § Women entrepreneurs § ICT-related  service providers § NGOs

§ Experts and scholars

§ Compiled baseline economy survey

§ The Vol.2 Newsletter 


Phase II (2014): Development and Implementation of Three Case Studies

Key activities

Actions and Inter-linkage

Beneficiaries/

Stakeholders

Deliverable Outputs

Implement the three case studies for the ICT practices on women in selected member economies  


[
Jan–Dec, 2014]

§  Conduct three case studies build on the baseline survey completed in the Phase I as the fundamental analysis. §  Each case study will be rolled out starting with developing a localized network and implementation procedure with the assistance of the PPPN and PO. §  Based on the criteria developed in the Phase I, further in depth case study will be implemented. The analysis will design an Innovative Business Packages aiming at: Ø describe the geographical and socio-economic background characteristics of female beneficiaries Ø provide resources input (hardware, software), public-private partnership framework and impacts/outcomes Ø disclose the key successful factors as well as obstacles in common Ø design training program to help women gain skills needed and address barriers during implementations Ø address sustainable future plan generated from the program to assess the sustainability §  Research activities will take place in support of the development of local practices, especially to gauge women’s need of resources in undertaking business development.

§  A Mid-term Case Study Report will be completed at the end of this year and submitted to the PO and PPPN for review.

§  Government officials §  Women entrepreneurs §  ICT-related  service providers §  NGOs §  Experts and scholars

§  Local network of three case studies

§ Construct 3 local network for case studies § Draft of Mid-term Case Study Report

§ Draft Innovative Business Packages

Launch the 2ndworkshop to present case study findings

 [July-Sep, 2014]

§ Present and share the 3 case studies and invite related Innovative Business Packages based on different categories (e.g., ICT-based tools, levels of value-added services (VAS), training models, etc.). Recommendation and key factors will be further discussed and identified to beneficiaries. § Training program design will be provided to the targeted women to gain skills and address implementation needs and problems.

§ The recommendation of the 2ndworkshop will be submit to PPPN and further to PPWE and related foras via PO.

§ Government officials § Women entrepreneurs § ICT-related  service providers § NGOs § Experts and scholars

§ Local network of three case studies

§ Innovative Business Packages § Recommendation of 2nd workshop

§ Vol. 3 E-newsletter on 3 case studies progress 

Hold the 2nd PPPN meeting to review the Mid-term Case Study Report and prepare for Phase III

[July-Sep, 2014]

§  Evaluate the completion of case study and review the Mid-term Case Study Report to identify key determinants of successful practices and sustainability. §  Reports to the PO and PPPN on the preparation and implementation plan for Phase III: Ø Propose the design of Project Evaluation to conduct in 3rd PPPN meeting

Ø Discuss the design of the Sustainability Plan including the further promotion strategy and policy recommendations.

§ Government officials § Women entrepreneurs § ICT-related  service providers § NGOs

§ Experts and scholars Local network of three case studies

§ Design of project evaluation § Design of the Sustainability Plan § Revised Mid-term Case Study Report

§ Vol.4 E-newsletter on PPPN progress 


Phase III (2015): Project Evaluation, Promotion and Policy Recommendations

Key activities

Actions and Inter-linkage

Beneficiaries/Stakeholders

Deliverable Outputs

Undertake the 3rd PPPN meeting to implement the Project Evaluation and endorse the Sustainability Plan

[Jan–Aug, 2015]

§  Based on the PPPN’s Project Evaluation design in Phase II, a survey will be conducted on the participants of the three selected case study and on the stakeholders as well as PPPN members for project review and evaluation. §  The Project Evaluation will describe whether the previous work meets the project objective through indicators. (e.g., impacts, costs, benefits, future sustainability, etc.) §  Review and endorse the Final Case Study Report. §  Discuss and finalized the Sustainability Plan Ø PPPN members endorse the concrete strategies to promote the sustainable outcome back to each economy and demonstrate in the following 3rd workshop as well.

Ø Policy recommendation will be wrapped up into the following High-level meeting and submitted to the PPWE and related fora.

§ Government officials § Women entrepreneurs § Stakeholders in ICT-related industries and Services § NGOs

§ Experts and scholars

§ Project Evaluation report § The Final Case Study Report

§ A Sustainability Plan including the Promotion Strategies and Policy Recommendations

Launch the 3rd workshop to promote the project outcomes

[Sep, 2015]

§ In the basis of Sustainability Plan, disseminate the project outcomes of the final three case studies and demonstrate the Innovative Business Packages based on case study findings. § To discuss lessons learned, challenges, potential solutions and the corresponding policy responses, as well as how to ensure the continuity of the efforts made in this project, especially by means of the introduction of policy instruments. § Encourage experts, stakeholders in member economies, PPWE, SMEWG, TELWG and other APEC or non-APEC fora to review the project outcomes and to promote or incorporate into each existing work.

§ The recommendation of the 3rd workshop will be further submit to PPWE and related fora via PO.

§ Government officials § Women entrepreneurs § Stakeholders in ICT-related industries and Services § NGOs

§ Experts and scholars

§ A Report of 3rd Workshop including The Final Case Study Report and Innovative Business Packages § Endorsed policy recommendations

§ Vol.5 E-Newsletter on workshop reports

Hold a High-level Meeting to facilitate policy dialogue

[Before SOM3]

·  Based on the Sustainability Plan, a high-level dialogue will be convened to discuss policy responses to the challenges for APEC women and forward-looking strategies to mainstream gender sensitive awareness among APEC. ·  Dissemination of the Final Case Study Report and regarding policy recommendations in the basis of 3rd workshop and PPPN meeting to all member economies across different APEC fora.

·  A final project report will be submitted after.

·   Government officials ·   Women entrepreneurs ·   Stakeholders in ICT-related industries and Services ·   NGOs

·   Experts and scholars

§ Policy Recommendations at high-level meeting § Final report of the project

§ Vol.6 E-Newsletter to disseminate final outputs and feedback.

Risks

Risk

Prevention/Mitigation

Support for the project through the cross-fora collaboration between PPWE and SMEWG is critical, but anticipated. Nevertheless, there is a possibility that some members of PPWE and SMEWG may consider that the training materials and localized procedures may require more oversight.

·       More frequent consultation and communication with the PPWE and SMEWG; ·       Hold joint sessions in back-to-back meetings to monitor the activities involving the two groups;

·       Use E-Newsletters to disseminate progress and invite cross-fora comments/feedbacks.

The three case studies will require continued support, public investment, and marketing strategies from member economies to ensure its outcomes will be sustainable and beneficial to the targeted women.

·       Provide solid research reports and more disseminations to gain public support ·       More frequent consultation with the experts in member economies involved in previous projects for experience sharing;

·       Use E-Newsletters to disseminate outcomes and invite feedbacks from member economies on regular basis during and after the project.

Monitoring and Evaluation

Monitoring:

The PO and PPPN will be the major monitoring and oversight of the project. The PO will communicate with the PPPN and PPWE on a regular basis in written forms. Both process and outcome will be employed for project evaluation through emails and annual workshops/meetings. A midterm discussion of project evaluation on the effectiveness of the project will be originated at the phase II PPPN. Comments and suggestions from member economies on the successfulness and contribution of this project will be collected at the end of final phase.

Furthermore, the E-Newsletters will be published twice a year to disseminate outcomes and invite the member of PPPN’s comments or feedbacks. The major activity’s schedule performance will list on E-Newsletters, too. Members from SMEWG, TELWG, ABAC and AWF will be invited to participate in every PPPN meetings to comment on implementation approach.

Evaluation:

·      Major deliverable outputs and reports will be submitted to PPWE and related foras as well as the PPWE and SMEWG high-level ministerial meeting.

In the phase II, the project will designate the PPPN to form a Project Evaluation with relevant indicators to measure the achievements of the project. The evaluation will consist of the following sections: identification and assessment of products, the extent of project objective achievement, key findings, participant evaluation, peer review of progress, challenges and lessons learned etc. The evaluation will be conducted on the PPPN members, 3 cases participants and the stakeholders of the projects for review and especially focus on the implementation of women participation and the innovation of ICT usage. This project evaluation report will be performed and submitted to APEC Secretariat. 

Linkages

·        Other fora: What role will they play in the planning and implementation of the project? How will they share in the benefits?

This project will have a close collaboration with PPWE and SMEWG in both planning and implementation regarding women entrepreneurship. Given that SMEWG will collaborate with PPWE to host a Joint Ministerial Meeting on September 2013, the Chair of the SMEWG will be invite to co-chair the first PPPN meeting in the first year. PO will pass on the events information and related output documents to SMEWG and TELWG. Member economies of the both fora will be encouraged to join the events as well as sustainable participation in PPPN.

SMEWG and TELWG will share significant benefits from this project in three aspects. First, final products developed by this project will be transferrable in forms of experience and knowledge to stakeholders. Second, as SMEWG and PPWE will collaborate to develop a Joint Ministerial Statement, this project addresses important key findings and policy recommendations regarding women and ICT capacity building thus incorporate into both fora’s existing achievable strategic plan and mandates. Third, cross-fora collaboration and implementation will be developed and provide the best platform to achieve the goals of this project. ·        Non-APEC stakeholders: What role will external stakeholders play in the planning and implementation of the project? How will they share in the benefits?

Non-APEC stakeholders from both public and private sectors will be involved in the organizing and participation of the workshop. First, ABAC Women’s Forum (AWF) is planning to convene a taskforce to develop key indicators to measure progress in APEC on promoting mobile learning solutions for women. Our project PO will coordinate with the AWF and ABAC on this initiative and assist in identify sustainable business models and government actions to create enabling environment. AWF and ABAC members will be invited to join each events and PPPN.

World Vision, as a non-profit organization, has accumulated valuable successful practices in using ICTs to empower women and combined ICT tools for women to enhance their resilience of livelihood to extreme weather and health risks. The other may be international research centres or networks such as APNN (Asia-Pacific Nation Network) under INWES (International Network of Women Engineers and Scientists) whose practices and experiences on incorporating women-owned businesses into various supply chains through ICTs measures will contribute significantly to the project. INWES is a non-profit global network of organizations of women in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics, reaching over 250,000 members from 60 countries worldwide. From the industry side, the Group Special Mobile Association (GSMA) Development Fund had launched a series of mWomen Programmes in the developing world to first identify the gender gaps in the use of mobile financial services (MFS) and then connect women with the MFS networks to meet their needs in employment and livelihood development. 

The above non-APEC stakeholders will help identify experts and trainers, share information, provide consultation, participate in all workshops and events and bring back all the project findings and outputs into their ongoing work. ·        Previous work: How does this project build on, rather than duplicate, previous or ongoing initiatives in APEC or other organisations?

The project builds on various previous and ongoing initiatives. For example, under the ECOTECH initiative of 2003, Chinese Taipei established many digital centres that provided ICT training throughout the APEC region since 2004. To address women’s need, the Asia Pacific Women’s Information Network Center (APWINC) conducted a survey on the ICT environment and offered a series of customized ICT training sessions for rural women in the ASEAN member states since 2009. It is acknowledged that many similar initiatives in the Asia Pacific region have been implemented to offer training courses to women on ICT skills, e-business and e-commerce, as a way of building up women’s capacity. Nevertheless, the effectiveness of these initiatives in terms of leading to actual business development for women and long-term support to ensure the sustainability of these initiatives still remains unclear to the APEC society.

A previous APEC-funded project- Women’s Micro-Enterprise Trade Network Pilot (GFPN 02-11A)-was launched in year 2011 by Chinese Taipei and Canada in partnership with Peru and Viet Nam. This project focuses on supporting rural and indigenous female producers by creating innovative opportunities of accessing to market and to an international trade network. The experience reflects that women’s knowledge of technology and ability to use them are key factors for women to start up business and overcome market entry barriers in rural areas. However, problems occurring on acquiring information of target markets, monitoring and confirmation of the delivery services, costly payment process for small orders all pose significant challenges for continuing the project. The rapid emergence of the mobile communication technology and payment systems represent a new opportunities to reduce these barriers and transaction costs. Although the emerging innovations have begun to reach large number of women, it is not yet been adopted by the ongoing project as such.

Different from the previous ICT-related APEC-funded initiatives, this project focuses on the identifying the appropriate “solution-based business model” that combines the ICT product, distribution, services, supply chain, financing, pricing, payment, advertising, and sales. It is worth noting that lessons learned from the above projects can serve as a practical reference that reinforces the importance of women’s use of ICT for business. This project will utilize the experience of previous initiatives to further develop strategies for women on business development and incorporate the risk-proof strategies in women’s enterprises.

·        APEC’s comparative advantage: Why is APEC the best sources of fund for this project?

APEC is the best funding source of this project because:

(1)         The project is designed specifically to support APEC2011 San Francisco Declaration, 2012 Women and the Economy Forum and Work Program ABAC Women’s Forum for 2013, and SME/MM Indonesia 2013 declaration to apply innovation in women’s livelihood and economic empowerment and to achieve “sustainable growth with equity”.

(2)         The success of this project will effectively demonstrate the viability of ICT-enabled products and value added services to women entrepreneurs as well as their customers, and to various supply chain service providers, which in turn gives an impetus to the development and commercialization of new ICT devices, services, and VAS applications especially those targeted at women.
The activities of this project will contribute directly to helping all APEC members, especially developing economies to create and transform entrepreneurial opportunities for women. The key elements of this project in shaping the connection between women’s entrepreneurship and ICTs will inform policy makers to establish friendly policy environment and encourage investments and trade that are vital for livelihood development and sustainable economic growth in the APEC region.

Project Management

As shown in the work plan, this project will establish a Public-Private Partnership Network (PPPN). The purpose of PPPN will be assisting the Project Overseer (PO) in planning, reviewing proposals, establishing selection criteria, coordinating, monitoring, and evaluating the implementation of the project. Nomination of PPPNs will be carried out by the PO in close collaborations with each member economy representatives in both the PPWE and the SMEWG. The PPPN are invited to attend the annual workshop and PPPN meeting.

There are no financial responsibilities required for the co-sponsors. However, we anticipate that the co-sponsors would like to be involved in the development of case studies as well as actively participate in workshops and related activities.


There is a Project Overseer, Ms Pi-Hsia Huang, the director-general of the Department of Gender Equality and the President of the Foundation for Women’s Rights Promotion and Development in Chinese Taipei and a main point contact for this project, Ms. Ethan Hsiao. With two people overseeing the project, it would provide a seamless transition should there be a PO change during the life of the project.

Sustainability

The rough outline of Sustainability Plan will be produced at the workshop of the 2nd year. This plan will contain two major topics: promoting strategies and policy recommendations.

At the end of project, it is worth noting that lessons learned from the above projects can serve as a practical reference that reinforces the importance of women’s use of ICT for business. This project will utilize the experience of previous initiatives to further develop strategies for women on business development and incorporate the risk-proof strategies in women’s enterprises.

The project works towards the creation of a common, shared platform of knowledge for women in the ICT innovation in order to contribute and participate actively to put forth their own concerns and issues, in their own voice. After the identification of key factors from three best practice cases, the potential stakeholders, such as women entrepreneurs, ICT-related industries and services and NGOs, will be invited to design and share the ICT tools training programs. The Innovation Business Packages will combine those successful experiences and key factors, recommending to members and stakeholders. We will also encourage member economies to raise the awareness of broaden women’s connectivity in ICT-related educational attainment, balanced workforce participation, and business creation since such act can facilitate trade in service and goods as well as partnerships of infrastructure investment in the APEC region.

Since HTC and Intel are our PPPN partners, one of our possible next steps will be using the network to empower women and to providing the access to ICT. Through these professional ICT training courses, it may create opportunities for women; and inspires professional consciousness among women through continuous consulting and job lectures. Also, the PPPN member will continuity disseminate our innovation package of women’s use of ICT for business in APEC member economies, looking forward to the next possible cooperation and stimulating interests and demand on business for women.

Project Overseers

This project will be overseen jointly by the senior officials of the Department of Gender Equality in Chinese Taipei. Other candidates in public and private sectors from interested APEC economies are also welcome. 

There is a Project Overseer, Ms. Pi-Hsia Huang who is the director-general from Department of Gender Equality since 2012 and the President of the Foundation for Women’s Rights Promotion and Development in Chinese Taipei.  She has been the director of Department of Social Affairs from Ministry of the Interior from 2009 to 2011. She is also the Gender Focal Point of Chinese Taipei and has participated in APEC Gender Focal Point Network (GFPN) meeting in 2009 and 2010. Ms. Huang received her master degree from the department of social welfare in National Chung Cheng University. Ms. Huang will be the main coordinator, facilitator and supervisor of this project and focus on reaching and communicating with regard to cross-departmental issues. She has focused on the fields of women welfare, women entrepreneurship, children protection, anti-poverty, immigration and long-term care system for more than twenty years and stood for the rights of vulnerable groups. She puts all the attention on promoting women’s rights and serves as the bridge between different government agencies regarding to gender mainstreaming. She was the deputy director-general of National Immigration Agency in 2008. Before that, she was the director of Child Welfare Bureau from 2002 to 2008.


The main point of contact is Researcher Ethan Hsiao from the Foundation for Women's Rights Promotion and Development (Tel: +886-2-2321-2100 #123, Fax: +886-2-2321-2120, Email: ethan@wrp.org.tw).

Cost Efficiency

The purpose of this project is to formulate a PPP strategies and business model to improve women’s use of ICTs for business and the role of women in SMEs development. Therefore, the majority part of the APEC funding will be spent on formulating favorable business networks and environment for women in the member economies. We will recruit consultants or experts with experiences in related projects to be part of the PPPN and expert team. In addition, to encourage participation of budget-tight members, most of the APEC funding will be used in covering the travel expenses of 11 eligible economies in attending workshops and meetings.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

APEC Funds will be exclusively used in providing speakers’ honorarium, contractor fees of 6 researchers/experts for their work of data collecting, analyzing and case studies, and travel fees including per diem and airfare of experts, researchers, and active participants from travel-eligible economies. Hence, there is no other APEC-funded staff or position in this project. 

Waivers

The project would like to request waivers on funding speakers. Please see attached Excel spreadsheet file for justifications.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Gender

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Project Management

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Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

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